Algoa Bay area (Pleistocene of South Africa)

Also known as Column 13

Where: South Africa (33.8° S, 25.8° E: paleocoordinates 33.9° S, 25.7° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• local area-level geographic resolution

When: Pleistocene (2.6 - 0.0 Ma)

• STRATIGRAPHIC RELATIONS: Lithostratigraphic relations are not discussed in text. AGE: Pleistocene, presumably. STRATIGRAPHIC POSITION: Unknown.

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: coastal; unlithified siliciclastic sediments

• SPECIFIC LITHOLOGY: Unknown. LITHIFICATION: Unknown. Assumed unlithified as it is described as a "raised beach".

Size class: macrofossils

Collection methods: COLLECTOR: Unknown. REPOSITORY: Unknown. Originally reported by Stow,1871, Johnson, 1904, Schwarz, 1910, Newton, 1913, and Woods, 1908.

Primary reference: K. H. Barnard. 1962. Revised list of South African late Tertiary and Pleistocene marine Mollusca. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Africa 36(4):179-196 [A. Hendy/A. Hendy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 122945: authorized by Austin Hendy, entered by Austin Hendy on 07.01.2012

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• COVERAGE: Exhaustive for mollusca. NOMENCLATURE: Not an authoritative publication, and with somewhat antiquated nomenclature, though with species-resolution identifications.
 Arcida - Arcidae
Arca avellana Lamarck 1819 ark
"Arca gibba" = Barbatia gibba Martin 1879 clam
 Arcida - Glycymerididae
"Arca decussata" = Glycymeris decussata
"Arca decussata" = Glycymeris decussata Linnaeus 1758 clam
 Pectinida - Pectinoidae
 Pectinida - Limidae
Lima rotundata file clam
Lima lima Linnaeus 1758 file clam
 Ostreida - Ostreidae
 Ostreida - Malleidae
"Melina cf. gaudichaudi" = Isognomon (Melina)
"Melina cf. gaudichaudi" = Isognomon (Melina) oyster
 Mytilida - Crenellidae
"Lanistina cuneata" = Musculus
"Lanistina cuneata" = Musculus mussel
 Mytilida - Mytilidae
Modiolus auriculatus Krauss 1848 mussel
Modiolus philippinarum Hanley 1844 mussel
 Pholadida - Pholadidae
Pholas dactylus Linnaeus 1758 clam
 Cardiida - Mactridae
"Schizodesma ? spengleri" = Scissodesma, Mactra glabrata, Mactra rosea, Lutraria oblonga, "Mactra ovalina" = Mactrotoma angusta
"Schizodesma ? spengleri" = Scissodesma clam
"Mactra ovalina" = Mactrotoma angusta Reeve 1854 surfclam
 Cardiida - Ungulinidae
"Diplodonta (Felania) cf. senegalensis" = Felaniella senegalensis
"Diplodonta (Felania) cf. senegalensis" = Felaniella senegalensis Reeve 1850 clam
 Cardiida - Veneridae
Venus verrucosa venus clam
Tapes corrugata venus clam
Tapes dura venus clam
SUBSPECIES: Tapes dura simili
Dosinia hepatica venus clam
Dosinia africana Gray 1838 venus clam
Chamelea schwarzi venus clam
Chamelea rogersi venus clam
Tivela transversa venus clam
Tivela baini venus clam
 Cardiida - Donacidae
 Cardiida - Tellinidae
Gastrana abildgaardiana Spengler 1798 tellin clam
Tellina ludwigii tellin clam
Tellina madagascariensis Gmelin 1791 tellin clam
Macoma litoralis tellin clam
 Cardiida - Psammobiidae
"Psammobia sp." = Gari (Psammobia)
"Psammobia sp." = Gari (Psammobia) clam
 Cardiida - Cardiidae
 Hiatellida - Hiatellidae
 Solenida - Solenidae
 Lucinida - Lucinidae
 Ptenoglossa - Thaididae
"Thais squamosa" = Sistrum squamosum
"Thais squamosa" = Sistrum squamosum Pease 1868 snail
 Patellogastropoda - Patellidae
"Patella cochlear" = Scutellastra cochlear Born 1778 limpet
 Opisthobranchia - Bullidae
Bulla ampulla Linnaeaus 1758 snail
 Opisthobranchia - Cylichnidae
Philine sp. Ascanius 1772 snail
 Triphoroidea - Triphoridae
 Neogastropoda - Olividae
Ancilla obtusa olive snail
Ancilla fasciata olive snail
 Neogastropoda - Columbellidae
 Neogastropoda - Buccinidae
Burnupena cincta true whelk
"Bullia digitalis" = Buccinum digitale Dillwyn 1817 true whelk
Nassa capensis true whelk
Nassa kraussiana true whelk
 Neogastropoda - Nassariidae
Demoulia retusa Lamarck 1822 snail
Bullia laevissima Gmelin 1791 snail
Bullia annulata Lamarck 1816 snail
 Neogastropoda - Marginellidae
Marginella mosaica margin shell
Marginella piperata margin shell
 Neogastropoda - Volutidae
 Neogastropoda - Costellariidae
Vexillum capense ribbed mitre
"Pusia patula" = Vexillum (Pusia) ribbed mitre
 Neogastropoda - Muricidae
Thais dubia, "Thais capensis" = Reishia capensis
Thais dubia Krauss 1848 murex snail
"Thais capensis" = Reishia capensis Saussaye 1852 murex snail
 Neogastropoda - Mangeliidae
"Mangilia verrucosa" = Cythara (Mangelia)
"Mangilia verrucosa" = Cythara (Mangelia) snail
 Neogastropoda - Turridae
 Neogastropoda - Conidae
Conus infrenatus cone shell
Conus aurora cone shell
 Littorinoidea - Littorinidae
 Naticoidea - Naticidae
Natica genuana, Natica queketti, "Polynices didyma" = Polinices
Natica genuana moon snail
Natica queketti moon snail
"Polynices didyma" = Polinices moon snail
 Cypraeoidea - Cypraeidae
"Cypraea capensis" = Cypraeovula (Cypraeovula) capensis Gray 1828 cowry
 Calyptraeoidea - Calyptraeidae
Calyptraea chinensis Linnaeus 1758 slipper shell
Crepidula porcellana slipper shell
 Tonnoidea - Ranellidae
Cymatium dolarium triton shell
Cymatium africanum triton shell
 Tonnoidea - Tonnidae
Tonna variegata tun shell
Tonna dunkeri tun shell
 Tonnoidea - Cassidae
 Rissooidea - Rissoidae
 Sorbeoconcha - Potamididae
Pirenella stowi horn snail
 Sorbeoconcha - Turritellidae
"Turritella carinifera" = Turritella (Torquesia) carinifera
"Turritella carinifera" = Turritella (Torquesia) carinifera Deshayes 1824 turret shell
 Sorbeoconcha - Cerithiidae
Cerithium oscitans cerith snail
"Cerithium kochi" = Rhinoclavis kochi Philippi 1848 cerith snail
 Heterostropha - Acteonidae
 Heterostropha - Ringiculidae
 Pulmonata - Trimusculidae
"Gadinia costata" = Trimusculus
"Gadinia costata" = Trimusculus button snail
 Basommatophora - Siphonariidae
 Pyramidelloidea - Pyramidellidae
Turbonilla sp. Risso 1826 snail
Turbonilla kraussi Clessin 1890 snail
 Haliotoidea - Haliotidae
 Turbinoidea - Turbinidae
 Fissurelloidea - Fissurellidae
"Pupillaea aperta" = Fissurellidea aperta Sowerby 1825 snail
 Trochoidea - Trochidae
Oxystele tigrina Anton 1839 top snail
"Amphineura indet." = Polyplacophora
"Amphineura indet." = Polyplacophora de Blainville 1816 chiton