Locality 1 near Mt. Roja, Lanzarote (Pleistocene of Spain)

Where: Spain (28.9° N, 13.9° W: paleocoordinates 28.9° N, 13.8° W)

• coordinate estimated from map

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Middle Pleistocene (0.8 - 0.1 Ma)

• STRATIGRAPHIC RELATIONS: From unnamed lithostratigraphic unit. AGE: Rabatian (= mid Pleistocene) in Lecointre et al (1967); Zazo et al (2002) assume that this terrace was formed practically at the same time (1.2Myr) as an underlying lava flow. STRATIGRAPHIC POSITION: "16 -18 m beach (This height refers to elevation above high tide (H.T.) which is about 2 m above the Spanish Datum (S.D.) which is approximately mid-tide level."

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: coastal; calcareous sandstone

• From Meco and Stearns (1981): "Rough, composite rock platforms (" to m" of Driscoll et al. 1965) suggest that more than one stand of the sea may be represented"
• SPECIFIC LITHOLOGY: calcareous sand. LITHIFICATION: Not stated, no figured specimens.

Size class: macrofossils

Primary reference: G. Lecointre, K. J. Tinkler, and H.G. Richards. 1967. The marine Quaternary of the Canary Islands. Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 119(8):325-344 [A. Hendy/A. Hendy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 128324: authorized by Jocelyn Sessa, entered by Jocelyn Sessa on 06.06.2012

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• COVERAGE: Exhaustive for gastropods and bivalves. NOMENCLATURE: Not an authoritative publication, with somewhat antiquated nomenclature, but with species-resolution identifications.
 Thecideida - Thecideidae
 Arcida - Arcidae
Arca lactea Linnaeus 1767 ark
 Arcida - Glycymerididae
Glycymeris glycymeris Linnaeus 1758 clam
 Pectinida - Pectinoidae
Pecten sp. Müller 1776 scallop
 Mytilida - Mytilidae
Mytilus sp. Linnaeus 1758 mussel
 Carditida - Carditidae
"Cardita calyculata" = Cardita (Cardita) calyculata
"Cardita calyculata" = Cardita (Cardita) calyculata Linnaeus 1758 clam
 Cardiida - Veneridae
Venus verrucosa venus clam
Tapes senegalensis venus clam
Dosinia isocardia venus clam
"Meretrix (Pitar) floridella" = Pitar venus clam
Meretrix (Pitar) tumens Stenzel et al. 1957 venus clam
"Gouldia minima" = Gouldia (Gouldia) minima Montagu 1803 venus clam
Meretrix chiona venus clam
M. chiona var. elongata
 Cardiida - Semelidae
 Cardiida - Cardiidae
"Cardium norvegicum" = Laevicardium crassum Gmelin 1791 cockle
"Cardium papillosum" = Plagiocardium (Papillicardium) papillosum Poli 1781 cockle
 Patellogastropoda - Patellidae
"Patella gomesi" = Patella candei gomesii
"Patella gomesi" = Patella candei gomesii Drouet 1858 limpet
 Neogastropoda - Columbellidae
 Neogastropoda - Buccinidae
Pisania orbignyi true whelk
 Neogastropoda - Nassariidae
 Neogastropoda - Mitridae
Mitra hamilzei mitre shell
Mitra fusca mitre shell
 Neogastropoda - Marginellidae
Marginella deliciosa margin shell
 Neogastropoda - Muricidae
"Purpura (Thais) haemastoma" = Stramonita haemostoma Linnaeus 1767 murex snail
Ocenebra edwardsi murex snail
O. edwardsi var. beatica
 Neogastropoda - Raphitomidae
 Neogastropoda -
 Neogastropoda - Conidae
Conus mediterraneus Hwass 1792 cone shell
"Conus cf. testudinarius" = Conus (Chelyconus) testudinarius Martini 1773 cone shell
 Littorinoidea - Littorinidae
Littorina neritoides Linnaeus 1758 periwinkle
 Vanikoroidea - Hipponicidae
"Amalthea antiquata" = Hipponix antiquatus
"Amalthea antiquata" = Hipponix antiquatus Linnaeus 1767 hoof shell
 Velutinoidea - Triviidae
Trivia cf. candidula Gaskoin 1836 snail
 Naticoidea - Naticidae
Natica sp. Scopoli 1777 moon snail
"Natica cf. lactea" = Polinices lacteus Guilding 1834 moon snail
 Cypraeoidea - Cypraeidae
"Cypraea stercororia" = Trona stercoraria
"Cypraea stercororia" = Trona stercoraria Linnaeus 1758 cowry
 Vermetoidea - Vermetidae
"Vermetus cf. intortus" = Petaloconchus intortus
"Vermetus cf. intortus" = Petaloconchus intortus Lamarck 1818 worm shell
 Tonnoidea - Ranellidae
Cymatium costatum triton shell
Cymatium cf. dolarium triton shell
 Tonnoidea - Bursidae
"Bursa pustulosa" = Bursa corrugata
"Bursa pustulosa" = Bursa corrugata Perry 1811 frog shell
 Rissooidea - Rissoidae
Alvania cancellata da Costa 1778 snail
 Sorbeoconcha - Turritellidae
Turritella ligar turret shell
Turritella communis Risso 1826 turret shell
Turritella bicingulata Lamarck 1822 turret shell
Protoma knockeri turret shell
 Sorbeoconcha - Cerithiidae
Bittium reticulatum da Costa 1778 cerith snail
 Basommatophora - Siphonariidae
 Architectonicoidea - Architectonicidae
 Turbinoidea - Turbinidae
"Turbo rugosus" = Bolma rugosus
"Turbo rugosus" = Bolma rugosus Linnaeus 1767 snail
 Fissurelloidea - Fissurellidae
Emarginula fissura Linnaeus 1758 snail
 Trochoidea - Trochidae