Camp Cady (Pleistocene of the United States)

Also known as Lake Manix

Where: San Bernardino County, California (34.8° N, 117.0° W: paleocoordinates 34.8° N, 117.0° W)

• coordinate based on political unit

When: Manix Formation, Late/Upper Pleistocene (0.1 - 0.0 Ma)

Environment/lithology: terrestrial; lithology not reported

Size class: macrofossils

Primary reference: G. T. Jefferson. 1987. The Camp Cady Local Fauna: Paleoenvironment of the Lake Manix Basin. San Bernardino County Museum Association Quarterly 34(3-4):3-35 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/P. Holroyd]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 20273: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 26.03.1995, edited by Patricia Holroyd

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• from a 39 m section spanning four members, but "all abundantly represented... mammalian taxa are known from the basal 1 m of Member C"
unit bracketed by U-Th dates of 183.8 +/- 12.0 kya and > 350 kya: McGill et al. 1988; average is 0.267 Ma, concordant with Jefferson's "estimate" of 0.295 Ma
list repeated by Jefferson 1991
numerous CIT, LACM, SBCM, UCRV, and USGS localities
generically determinae NISP 632
unclassified
  -
Ostracoda
  -
Heterocypris sp. Claus 1893 ostracod
 Podocopida - Limnocytheridae
Bivalvia
 Cardiida - Sphaeriidae
 Unionida - Unionidae
Anodonta californiensis freshwater mussel
Gastropoda
 Basommatophora - Planorbidae
Gyraulus vermicularis Stolickza 1862 pulmonate
 Basommatophora - Physidae
Physa sp. Draparnaud 1801 pulmonate
 Basommatophora - Lymnaeidae
Actinopteri
 Perciformes - Gasterosteidae
Gasterosteus aculeatus Linnaeus 1758 three-spined stickleback
 Cypriniformes - Cyprinidae
Gila bicolor carp-like fish
Gila bicolor mojavensis
Reptilia
 Testudines - Panemydidae
"Clemmys marmorata" = Emys marmorata
"Clemmys marmorata" = Emys marmorata Baird and Girard 1852 western pond turtle
Aves
 Charadriiformes - Laridae
Larus sp. Linnaeus 1758 gull
Larus cf. oregonus Shufeldt 1891 gull
 Charadriiformes - Scolopacidae
cf. Actitis sp., "Phalaropodinae indet." = Scolopacidae
cf. Actitis sp. Illiger 1811 snipe
"Phalaropodinae indet." = Scolopacidae Rafinesque 1815 snipe
 Anseriformes - Anatidae
Oxyura jamaicensis Gmelin 1789 Ruddy duck
Branta canadensis Linnaeus 1758 Canada goose
Cygnus cf. columbianus Ord 1815 tundra swan
Mergus cf. merganser Linnaeus 1758 common merganser
Aythya sp. Boie 1822 pochard
Anas cf. platyrhynchos Linnaeus 1758 mallard
Anas cf. crecca Linnaeus 1758 Eurasian teal
 Strigiformes - Strigidae
Bubo virginianus Gmelin 1788 great horned owl
 Gruiformes - Gruidae
cf. Grus sp. Brisson 1760 crane
 Gruiformes - Rallidae
Fulica americana Gmelin 1789 American coot
Fulica americana cf. F. a. minor
 Gaviiformes - Gaviidae
Gavia cf. arctica Linnaeus 1758 Arctic loon
 Podicipediformes - Podicipedidae
Aechmophorus occidentalis Lawrence 1858 western grebe
Podiceps cf. nigricollis Brehm 1831 black-necked grebe
 Pelecaniformes - Pelecanidae
Pelecanus aff. erythrorhynchos Gmelin 1789 American white pelican
 Ciconiiformes - Ciconiidae
Ciconia maltha Miller 1910 asphalt stork
 Phoenicopteriformes - Phoenicopteridae
Phoenicopterus minutus Howard 1955 flamingo
Phoenicopterus copei Shufeldt 1891 flamingo
 Accipitriformes - Accipitridae
Haliaeetus leucocephalus Linnaeus 1766 bald eagle
Aquila chrysaetos Linnaeus 1758 golden eagle
Mammalia
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Cricetidae indet. Fischer von Waldheim 1817 mouse
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Lepus sp. Linnaeus 1758 hare
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus sp. Linnaeus 1758 horse
Equus conversidens Owen 1869 horse
 Carnivora - Ursidae
cf. Ursus sp. Linnaeus 1758 bear
Arctodus sp. Leidy 1854 bear
 Carnivora - Canidae
Canis cf. dirus Leidy 1858 dire wolf
Canis latrans Say 1823 coyote
 Carnivora - Felidae
Homotherium cf. serum2 Cope 1893 cat
Puma sp.1 Jardine 1834 cougar
 Phyllophaga - Nothrotheriidae
"Nothrotheriops shastensis" = Nothrotherium shastense
"Nothrotheriops shastensis" = Nothrotherium shastense Sinclair 1905 Shasta ground sloth
 Xenarthra - Megalonychidae
Megalonyx sp. Harlan 1825 edentate
 Xenarthra - Mylodontidae
Mylodontidae indet.1 Ameghino 1889 edentate
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
Mammuthus sp. Brookes 1828 mammoth
 Ungulata - Camelidae
Lamini indet. Webb 1965 camel
said to be a new species
Camelops sp.3 Leidy 1854 camel
Camelops cf. hesternus Leidy 1873 camel
Camelops aff. minidokae Hay 1927 camel
Hemiauchenia macrocephala Cope 1893 camel
 Ungulata - Bovidae
Ovis canadensis Shaw 1804 bighorn sheep
 Ungulata - Antilocapridae
Antilocapra sp. Ord 1818 pronghorn