Mihal Nala (Eocene of Pakistan)

Also known as Rakhi Nala 3, RN-3

Where: Pakistan (30.0° N, 70.2° E: paleocoordinates 11.5° N, 65.3° E)

• coordinate stated in text

When: Domanda Formation (Kirthar Group), Lutetian (47.8 - 41.3 Ma)

• early Lutetian

• formation-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: coastal; brown, gray, green, red mudstone

• mottled red, chocolate, green and gray clays, with some shale and beds of pepaer shale, especially near the base.

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: original phosphate

Collection methods: surface (in situ)

Primary reference: P. D. Gingerich, D. E. Russell, D. Sigogneau-Russell, J.-L. Hartenberger, S. M. Ibrahim Shah, M. Hassan, K. D. Rose and R. H. Ardrey. 1979. Reconnaissance survey and vertebrate paleontology of some Paleocene and Eocene Formations in Pakistan. Contributions from the Museum of Paleontology, University of Michigan 25(5):105-116 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen/M. Uhen]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 45620: authorized by Mark Uhen, entered by Mark Uhen on 19.11.2004

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Bivalvia
 Arcida - Arcidae
? Arca sp. Linnaeus 1758 ark
? Barbatia sp. Gray 1842 clam
 Carditida - Astartidae
? Astarte sp. Sowerby 1816 clam
 Carditida - Carditidae
Venericardia sp. Lamarck 1801 clam
Cardita sp. Bruguière 1792 clam
 Pholadida - Corbulidae
Corbula sp. Bruguière 1789 clam
 Pholadida - Myidae
? Mya sp. Linnaeus 1758 softshell clam
 Cardiida - Mactridae
cf. Rangia sp. Des Moulins 1832 clam
 Cardiida - Tellinidae
? Tellina sp. Linnaeus 1758 tellin clam
 Cardiida - Cardiidae
 Hiatellida - Hiatellidae
cf. Panopea sp. Menard 1807 clam
 Lucinida - Lucinidae
Lucina sp. Bruguière 1797 clam
 Unionida - Unionidae
Anodonta sp. freshwater mussel
 Protobranchia - Nuculanidae
cf. Nuculana sp. Link 1807 pointed nut clam
Gastropoda
 Neogastropoda - Conidae
Conus sp. Linnaeus 1758 cone shell
 Sorbeoconcha - Turritellidae
Turritella rakhiensis Eames 1952 turret shell
Mammalia
 Cetacea -
Cetacea indet. Brisson 1762 whale
Echinoidea
 Clypeasteroida - Fibulariidae
Fibularia sp. Lamarck sand dollar
 Euechinoidea - Orthopsidae
Echinopsis sp. Agassiz 1840 sea urchin