TU 705 (<4 mm) [Bowden Fm] (Pliocene of Jamaica)

Where: Jamaica (17.9° N, 76.3° W: paleocoordinates 17.9° N, 76.0° W)

• coordinate estimated from map

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: Bowden Formation (Coastal Group), Late/Upper Pliocene (3.6 - 2.6 Ma)

• STRATIGRAPHIC RELATIONS: From Pickerill et al. (1998). Bowden Formation is the uppermost stratigraphic unit of the Lower Coastal Group. The top of the formation is defined by the nonconformably overlying, early Pleistocene Old Pera Beds of the Upper Coastal Group. AGE: Late Pliocene. The unit was formely regarded as Miocene in age, even Oligocene, but foraminiferal and planktic gastropod biostratigraphy points to a late Pliocene age. THICKNESS: The formation has an extimated maximum thickness of 150m, although the basal part of the formation is unexposed. STRATIGRAPHIC POSITION: Unknown position within formation. COMMENTS: In its type area of the Bowden district, natural exposures of the formation are poor and discontinuous, so that a complete and detailed stratigraphy of the entire sequence cannot be determined.

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: offshore; unlithified, pebbly, conglomeratic marl

• ENVIRONMENT: The conglomeratic lithofacies are interpretated as a product of sediment gravity flows, more specifically turbidites, and constitute and integral component of the Bowden Shell bed. The marlstone lithofacies is interpreted as a product of pelagic and hemiplegaic deposition from low density turbidity currents, or possibly even bottom water nepheloid layers.
• SPECIFIC LITHOLOGY: Imperfectly consolidated gravel consisting of pebbles and grains of igneous rocks, limestone, and other sorts of rock in a marly matrix. LITHIFICATION: Unlithified, based on observation of specimens.

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: original aragonite, original calcite

Reposited in the FMNH, USNM

Collection methods: bulk, sieve,

• COLLECTOR: E. Vokes (1969). REPOSITORY: FLMNH, USNM. FIDELITY: High ecological fidelity. ASSOCIATED COLLECTIONS: Small (<4mm) split of TU-705.

Primary reference: E. H. Vokes and H. E. Vokes. 2000. Catalogue of Tulane University fossil localities. Unpublished notes [A. Hendy/A. Hendy/P. Wagner]more details

Purpose of describing collection: paleoecologic analysis

PaleoDB collection 69094: authorized by Austin Hendy, entered by Austin Hendy on 17.02.2007

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• TAXONOMY: Identified by E. Vokes, revised by R. Portell; nomenclature further revised by A. Hendy.
 Arcida - Arcidae
Acar domingensis Lamarck 1819 miniature ark
Bathyarca hendersoni Dall 1898 clam
Arca (Arca) sp. Linnaeus 1758 ark
Arca (Arca) bowdeniana Dall 1898 ark
Barbatia (Barbatia) sp. Gray 1842 clam
Anadara prephina Woodring 1925 ark
 Arcida - Glycymerididae
"Glycymeris acuticostata" = Tucetona acuticostata, Glycymeris sp., "Glycymeris jamaicensis" = Glycymeris (Glycymeris) jamaicensis
"Glycymeris acuticostata" = Tucetona acuticostata Sowerby 1849 clam
Glycymeris sp. Da Costa 1778 clam
"Glycymeris jamaicensis" = Glycymeris (Glycymeris) jamaicensis Dall 1898 clam
 Arcida - Noetiidae
Arcopsis sp. Koenen 1885 clam
Arcopsis adamsi Dall 1886 clam
 Arcida - Limopsidae
Limopsidae "sp. A" Dall 1895 clam
Limopsis ovalis Gabb 1873 clam
SUBSPECIES: L. ovalis silova
 Pectinida - Propeamussiidae
"Palliolum guppyi" = Cyclopecten guppyi
"Palliolum guppyi" = Cyclopecten guppyi Dall 1898 mud scallop
 Pectinida - Pectinoidae
"Aequipecten plurinominis" = Lindapecten plurinominis, Argopecten sp., "Chlamys" sp.
"Aequipecten plurinominis" = Lindapecten plurinominis Pilsbry and Johnson 1917 scallop
SUBSPECIES: A. plurinominis morantensis
Argopecten sp. Monterosato 1889 calico scallop
"Chlamys" sp. Röding 1798 scallop
 Pectinida - Limidae
"Limea solida" = Limaea solida
"Limea solida" = Limaea solida Dall 1898 file clam
 Pectinida - Plicatulidae
Plicatula sp., "Plicatula guppyi" = Plicatula gibbosa
Plicatula sp. Lamarck 1801 scallop
"Plicatula guppyi" = Plicatula gibbosa Lamarck 1801 scallop
 Pectinida - Anomiidae
 Ostreida - Ostreidae
Ostreidae indet. Rafinesque 1815 oyster
 Ostreida - Pteriidae
Pteria inornata Gabb 1873 pearl oyster
 Mytilida - Mytilidae
Mytilidae indet. Rafinesque 1815 mussel
aff. Brachidontes sp. Swainson 1840 mussel
 Carditida - Crassatellidae
Crassinella xena Woodring 1925 clam
Crassinella bowdenensis Dall 1903 clam
Crassinella guppyi Dall 1896 clam
 Carditida - Carditidae
Glans scabricostata Guppy 1866 clam
Pleuromeris acaris Dall 1903 clam
 Pholadida - Corbulidae
""Corbula" sericea" = Corbula (Caryocorbula) sericea
""Corbula" sericea" = Corbula (Caryocorbula) sericea Dall 1898 clam
 Pholadida - Pholadidae
Pholadidae indet. Lamarck 1809 clam
 Cardiida - Gastrochaenidae
Gastrochaena rotunda Dall 1915 clam
 Cardiida -
 Cardiida - Erycinidae
 Cardiida - Chamidae
Chama involuta Guppy 1873 jewel box
 Cardiida - Vesicomyidae
Pliocardia bowdeniana Dall 1903 clam
 Cardiida - Ungulinidae
 Cardiida - Veneridae
Veneridae indet. Rafinesque 1815 venus clam
Chione woodwardsi venus clam
Chione hendersoni venus clam
Chione returgida venus clam
Chione sawkinsi Woodring 1925 venus clam
Ventricolaria blandiana Guppy 1873 venus clam
"Gouldia insulare" = Gouldia insularis Dall and Simpson 1901 venus clam
 Cardiida - Donacidae
 Cardiida - Tellinidae
Tellinidae "indet. A" Blainville 1814 tellin clam
Tellinidae indet. Blainville 1814 tellin clam
Strigilla (Strigilla) pisiformis Linnaeus 1758 tellin clam
"Tellina" sp. Linnaeus 1758 tellin clam
"Tellina" healyi tellin clam
Macoma sp. Leach 1819 tellin clam
 Cardiida - Semelidae
 Cardiida - Cardiidae
Laevicardium "sp. A", Laevicardium serratum, "Fragum elattocostatum" = Americardia guppyi, "Fragum medium" = Americardia media, "Trigoniocardia haitense" = Trigoniocardia (Trigoniocardia) haitensis, "Nemocardium jamaicensis" = Microcardium jamaicense
Laevicardium "sp. A" Swainson 1840 cockle
Laevicardium serratum Linnaeus 1758 cockle
"Fragum elattocostatum" = Americardia guppyi Thiele 1910 cockle
"Fragum medium" = Americardia media Linnaeaus 1758 cockle
"Trigoniocardia haitense" = Trigoniocardia (Trigoniocardia) haitensis Sowerby 1850 cockle
SUBSPECIES: T. haitense
"Nemocardium jamaicensis" = Microcardium jamaicense Dall 1903 cockle
 Poromyida - Verticordiidae
Haliris jamaicensis Dall 1903 clam
 Poromyida - Poromyidae
 Poromyida - Cuspidariidae
Cuspidariidae indet. Dall 1886 clam
"Cuspidaria distira" = Cardiomya (Bowdenia) distira Dall 1903 clam
 Lucinida - Lucinidae
 Protobranchia - Sareptidae
 Protobranchia - Nuculanidae
Orthoyoldia ovalis pointed nut clam
Saccella "sp. A" Woodring 1925 pointed nut clam
Saccella indigena pointed nut clam
Saccella peltella Dall 1903 pointed nut clam
Saccella subcerata Woodring 1925 pointed nut clam
Jupiteria bowdenensis Woodring 1925 pointed nut clam
Nuculana sp. Link 1807 pointed nut clam
Gastropoda "indet. A" Cuvier 1797 snail
Gastropoda "indet. B" Cuvier 1797 snail
 Ptenoglossa - Epitoniidae
Epitoniidae "indet. A" Berry 1910 wentletrap
Epitoniidae "indet. B" Berry 1910 wentletrap
"Epitonium" gabbi wentletrap
Opalia (Opalia) sp. Adams and Adams 1858 wentletrap
  - Juliidae
Julia gardnerae Woodring 1925 snail
 Cocculinoidea - Cocculinidae
 Patellogastropoda - Lottiidae
"Acmaea actina" = Lottia actina, "Acmaea cf. actina" = Lottia actina, Acmaea arca
"Acmaea actina" = Lottia actina Woodring 1928 limpet
"Acmaea cf. actina" = Lottia actina Woodring 1928 limpet
Acmaea arca limpet
 Thecosomata - Limacinidae
"Limacina inflata" = Heliconoides inflata
"Limacina inflata" = Heliconoides inflata Orbigny 1836 snail
 Thecosomata - Cavoliniidae
Cavolinia ventricosa Guppy 1882 snail
"Cavolinia vendryesiana" = Cavolinia marginata Bronn 1962 snail
Diacria digitata Guppy 1882 snail
 Cephalaspidea - Retusidae
 Cephalaspidea - Cylichnidae
Acteocina coixlacryma barrel-bubble
Acteocina lepta Woodring 1928 barrel-bubble
"Acteocina subbullata" = Acteocina bullata Kiener 1834 barrel-bubble
Acteocina anetaspira Woodring 1928 barrel-bubble
Cylichnella atacata Woodring 1928 snail
Cylichna aula Woodring 1928 snail
 Cephalaspidea -
Roxania sp. Leach In Gray 1847 snail
 Cephalaspidea - Haminoeidae
Atys (Atys) sp. Montfort 1810 snail
"Atys (Aliculastrum) sp." = Aliculastrum Pilsbry 1896 snail
Aliculastrum dalli Woodring 1928 snail
Atys (Aliculastrum) morantensis Woodring 1928 snail
 Triphoroidea - Triphoridae
Triphora "sp. A" Blainville 1828 snail
Triphora "sp. B" Blainville 1828 snail
Triphora "sp. C" Blainville 1828 snail
Triphora "sp. D" Blainville 1828 snail
 Triphoroidea - Cerithiopsidae
Seila sp. Adams 1861 snail
 Neogastropoda - Olividae
Olivella sp. Swainson 1831 olive snail
"Olivella indivisa" = Olivella (Olivella) indivisa Guppy 1896 olive snail
 Neogastropoda - Columbellidae
Columbellidae "indet. A" Swainson 1840 snail
Columbellidae "indet. B" Swainson 1840 snail
Columbella submercatoria Olsson 1922 snail
Columbellopsis sp. Bucquoy et al. 1882 snail
Nassarina (Nassarina) sp. Dall 1889 snail
"Costoanachis cf. aulata" = Anachis (Costoanachis) snail
 Neogastropoda - Nassariidae
""Nassarius" cercadensis" = Nassarius (Uzita) cercadensis
""Nassarius" cercadensis" = Nassarius (Uzita) cercadensis Maury 1917 snail
 Neogastropoda - Fasciolariidae
 Neogastropoda - Cancellariidae
Cancellariidae indet. Gray 1853 snail
 Neogastropoda - Cystiscidae
Granulina pycna Woodring 1928 snail
 Neogastropoda - Marginellidae
Marginellidae "indet. A" Fleming 1828 margin shell
Marginella sp. Lamarck 1799 margin shell
 Neogastropoda - Turbinellidae
"Turbinella" "sp. D" Lamarck 1799 snail
"Turbinella" "sp. A" Lamarck 1799 snail
 Neogastropoda - Costellariidae
Costellariidae indet. MacDonald 1860 ribbed mitre
Vexillum (Costellaria) sp. Swainson 1840 ribbed mitre
Vexillum (Costellaria) cf. micramadum Woodring 1928 ribbed mitre
Vexillum (Costellaria) cf. dasaplurum Woodring 1928 ribbed mitre
Uromitra "sp. A" Bellardi 1887 ribbed mitre
 Neogastropoda - Muricidae
Muricidae indet. Rafinesque 1815 murex snail
 Neogastropoda - Cochlespiridae
 Neogastropoda - Mangeliidae
Tenaturris terpna Woodring 1928 snail
Bactrocythara obtusa Guppy 1896 snail
Saccharoturris consentanea Guppy 1896 snail
Pyrgocythara eminula Woodring 1928 snail
Kurtziella (Cryoturris) sp. Woodring 1928 snail
aff. Brachycythara sp. Woodring 1928 snail
Ithycythara sp. Woodring 1928 snail
Ithycythara ischna Woodring 1928 snail
Ithycythara scissa Woodring 1928 snail
Ithycythara cf. psiloides Woodring 1928 snail
Ithycythara maera Woodring 1928 snail
 Neogastropoda - Drilliidae
Syntomodrillia sp. Woodring 1928 snail
Syntomodrillia iphis Woodring 1928 snail
Drillia sp. Gray 1838 snail
 Neogastropoda - Turridae
Turridae "indet. A" Swainson 1840 turrid
Turridae "indet. B" Swainson 1840 turrid
COMMENTS: Listed as "Turridae aff stellatoma/cerodrillia"
Miraclathurella entemna Woodring 1928 turrid
Compsodrillia cf. urceola Woodring 1928 turrid
Compsodrillia cf. catherina Woodring 1928 turrid
Compsodrillia senaria Woodring 1928 turrid
Globidrillia ula Woodring 1928 turrid
Polystira barretti Guppy 1866 turrid
 Neogastropoda - Raphitomidae
Daphnella sp. Hinds 1844 snail
 Neogastropoda -
Nannodiella amicta Guppy 1896 snail
 Neogastropoda - Horaiclavidae
Thelecythara mucronata Guppy 1896 snail
 Neogastropoda - Borsoniidae
Microdrillia tersa Woodring 1928 snail
 Neogastropoda - Conidae
Conus "sp. A" Linnaeus 1758 cone shell
Conus "sp. B" Linnaeus 1758 cone shell
Conus consobrinus Sowerby 1850 cone shell
Conus gracilissimus Guppy 1866 cone shell
Conus imitator Brown and Pilsbry 1911 cone shell
SUBSPECIES: C. imitator lius
 Neogastropoda - Terebridae
Terebridae indet. Mörch 1852 auger snail
Strioterebrum sp. Sacco 1891 auger snail
 Stromboidea - Strombidae
Strombus sp. Linnaeus 1758 conch
 Ficoidea - Ficidae
Ficus pilsbryi Smith 1907 fig shell
 Vanikoroidea - Hipponicidae
Cheilea equestris Linnaeus 1758 hoof shell
Hipponix tortilis hoof shell
Hipponix lium hoof shell
Hipponix ceras hoof shell
 Vanikoroidea - Eulimidae
Eulimidae indet. Philippi 1853 snail
Eulima nobilis Guppy 1896 snail
Niso sp. Risso 1826 snail
 Velutinoidea - Triviidae
""Trivia" globosa" = Niveria (Cleotrivia) globosa Sowerby 1832 snail
Erato (Erato) domingensis Maury 1917 snail
 Naticoidea - Naticidae
Natica (Natica) sp. Scopoli 1777 moon snail
Stigmaulax vererugosum Cossmann 1924 moon snail
"Natica (Naticarius) canrena" = Naticarius canrena Linnaeus 1758 moon snail
Tectonatica pusilla Say 1822 moon snail
Sinum sp. Röding 1798 moon snail
Polinices hepaticus Röding 1798 moon snail
Listed as "Polinices brunnea"
 Vermetoidea - Vermetidae
Vermetidae indet. Rafinesque 1815 worm shell
 Calyptraeoidea - Calyptraeidae
Crepidula sp. Lamarck 1799 slipper shell
 Xenophoroidea - Xenophoridae
Xenophora delectus carrier shell
Xenophora delecta Guppy 1876 carrier shell
 Rissooidea - Rissoidae
Rissoidae "indet. A" Gray 1847 snail
Rissoidae indet. Gray 1847 snail
Crepitacella cepula Guppy 1866 snail
"Rissoina (Rissoina) browniana" = Rissoina (Cibdezebina) browniana d'Orbigny 1845 snail
"Rissoina (Rissoina) rituola" = Rissoina (Phosinella) sagraiana d'Orbigny 1842 snail
"Rissoina (Rissoina) guppyi" = Rissoina (Phosinella) sagraiana d'Orbigny 1842 snail
Rissoina (Rissoina) "sp. A" d'Orbigny 1840 snail
Rissoina (Rissoina) "sp. B" d'Orbigny 1840 snail
Rissoina (Rissoina) "sp. C" d'Orbigny 1840 snail
Rissoina (Rissoina) "sp. D" d'Orbigny 1840 snail
 Rissooidea - Vitrinellidae
Vitrinellidae indet. Bush 1897 snail
"Circulus pentagonus" = Cyclostremiscus (Ponocyclus) pentagonus Gabb 1873 snail
 Truncatelloidea - Assimineidae
Assiminea sp. Fleming 1828 snail
 Truncatelloidea - Caecidae
Caecum sp. Fleming 1813 snail
 Truncatelloidea - Tornidae
"Teinostoma" sp. Adams and Adams 1853 snail
 Sorbeoconcha - Litiopidae
Alaba turrita Guppy 1896 snail
 Sorbeoconcha - Turritellidae
Vermicularia spirata Philippi 1836 turret shell
Turritella guppyi Cossmann 1909 turret shell
 Sorbeoconcha - Cerithiidae
Cerithiidae "indet. D" Fleming 1822 cerith snail
Cerithiidae "indet. B" Fleming 1822 cerith snail
Cerithiidae "indet. C" Fleming 1822 cerith snail
Cerithiidae "indet. A" Fleming 1822 cerith snail
Cerithium sp. Bruguière 1789 cerith snail
Rhinoclavis (Ochetoclava) costaricana cerith snail
SUBSPECIES: R. costaricana stena
Alabina curta cerith snail
 Sorbeoconcha - Modulidae
Modulus modulus Linnaeus 1758 snail
SUBSPECIES: Modulus modulus basileus
 Heterostropha - Acteonidae
"Acteon riomaensis" = Japonactaeon punctostriata, Acteon sp.
"Acteon riomaensis" = Japonactaeon punctostriata Adams 1840 snail
Acteon sp. Montfort 1810 snail
 Heterostropha - Ringiculidae
"Ringicula (Ringiculella) cf. tridentata" = Ringicula (Ringiculella) semistriata
"Ringicula (Ringiculella) cf. tridentata" = Ringicula (Ringiculella) semistriata d'Orbigny 1841 snail
 Heterostropha - Mathildidae
Mathilda sp. Semper 1865 snail
COMMENTS: Listed as "Gegania sp."
 Neritoidea - Neritidae
Neritidae indet. Rafinesque 1815 snail
Smaragdia sp. Issel 1869 snail
 Pyramidelloidea - Pyramidellidae
Pyramidellidae "indet. A" Gray 1840 snail
Pyramidellidae "indet. B" Gray 1840 snail
Pyramidellidae "indet. D" Gray 1840 snail
Pyramidella "sp. A" Lamarck 1799 snail
Turbonilla "sp. A" Risso 1826 snail
Turbonilla "sp. B" Risso 1826 snail
 Architectonicoidea - Architectonicidae
Philippia krebsii snail
SUBSPECIES: P. krebsii lampra
Philippia sp. Gray 1847 snail
Pseudotorinia euprepes Woodring 1928 snail
 Turbinoidea - Turbinidae
Arene (Arene) siderea snail
COMMENTS: Listed as "Ottolonia siderea" in Woodring (1928)
"Astraea (Lithopoma) sp." = Lithopoma Gray 1850 snail
 Turbinoidea - Phasianellidae
Tricolia "sp. A" Risso 1826 snail
COMMENTS: Listed as T. (Eulithidium) sp. A
 Seguenzioidea - Seguenziidae
 Seguenzioidea - Turcicidae
 Fissurelloidea - Fissurellidae
Emarginula "sp. A" Lamarck 1801 snail
Emarginula "sp. B" Lamarck 1801 snail
"Diodora alternata" = Diodora cayenensis Lamarck 1822 snail
SUBSPECIES: D. alternata henekeni
Puncturella vetula puncturella
"Fissurisepta vetula" = Puncturella (Fissurisepta) puncturella
 Trochoidea - Trochidae
Microgaza "sp. A" Dall 1881 top snail
Microgaza rotella Dall 1881 top snail
SUBSPECIES: M. rotella vetula
Calliostoma sp. Swainson 1840 top snail
 Trochoidea - Liotiidae
 Trochoidea - Ataphridae
 Dentaliida - Laevidentaliidae
 Dentaliida - Gadilinidae
 Dentaliida - Dentaliidae
Tesseracme dissimile tusk shell
SUBSPECIES: T. dissimile dissimile
Graptacme sp. Pilsbry 1897 tusk shell
Dentalium "sp. A" Linnaeus 1758 tusk shell
Dentalium "sp. B" Linnaeus 1758 tusk shell
Dentalium cossmannianum Pilsbry and Sharp 1897 tusk shell
 Gadilida - Gadilidae
Cadulus simrothi tusk shell
Gadila sp. Gray 1847 tusk shell
Gadila dentalinus tusk shell