Loc. 95, bed M - Dubar Fm (Miocene of Somalia)

Where: Somalia (11.2° N, 49.0° E: paleocoordinates 10.8° N, 47.3° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Dubar Formation (Guban Group), Middle Miocene (16.0 - 11.6 Ma)

• STRATIGRAPHIC RELATIONS: From the Dubar Fm [enterers usage] of the Guban Series [group?], and presumably regionally overlies Early Miocene strata (equivalent to the Naag Fm) and is overlain by the Late Miocene conglomerate. AGE: Middle Miocene, equivalent to Helvacean and lowermost Mekran according to author on the basis of larger formaniferal and molluscan biostratigraphy. Ostrea virleti is indicator for this zone. STRATIGRAPHIC POSITION: From bed M near top of section.

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: shallow subtidal; lithified, white limestone

• ENVIRONMENT: Shallow subtidal carbonate environment.
• SPECIFIC LITHOLOGY: Calcare bianco. LITHIFICATION: Lithified on the basis of figured specimens from adjacent beds.

Size class: macrofossils

Collection methods: COLLECTOR: G. Facca, G. Merla, 1938-1939. REPOSITORY: Museo dell' Istituto Geologico dell' Universitá di Firenze.

Primary reference: A. Azzaroli. 1958. L'Oligocene e il Miocene della Somalia. Stratigrafia, Tettonica, Paleontologia (Macroforaminferi, Coralli, Molluschi). Palaeontolographia Italica 52:1-142 [A. Hendy/A. Hendy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 79076: authorized by Austin Hendy, entered by Austin Hendy on 24.02.2008

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• COVERAGE: Not exhaustive, but limited to characteristic gastropoda, bivalvia, foraminifera, and anthozoa. NOMENCLATURE: Authoritative publication, but with antiquated nomenclature.
 Carditida - Carditidae
Cardita sp. Bruguière 1792 clam
 Cardiida - Veneridae
"Venus papyracea" = Clementia (Clementia) papyracea
"Venus papyracea" = Clementia (Clementia) papyracea Gray 1825 venus clam
 Lucinida - Lucinidae
Codakia cf. exasperata Reeve 1854 clam
 Neogastropoda - Conidae
Conus sp. Linnaeus 1758 cone shell