Black Hills [Timber Lake Mbr, Fox Hills Fm] (Cretaceous of the United States)

Where: South Dakota (45.1° N, 100.9° W: paleocoordinates 50.8° N, 74.6° W)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• local area-level geographic resolution

When: Hoploscaphites nicolletii ammonoid zone, Timber Lake Member (Fox Hills Formation), Late/Upper Maastrichtian (70.6 - 66.0 Ma)

• STRATIGRAPHIC RELATIONS: From the Timber Lake Mbr of the Fox Hills Fm, which overlies the Pierre Shale, and is overlain by the Hell Creek Fm. AGE: Late Maastrichtian, on the basis of ammonoid biostratigraphy; Hoploscaphites nicolletii-Jeletzkytes nebrascensis zone. STRATIGRAPHIC POSITION: From unknown position within the member.

• member-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: marine; lithified sandstone

• ENVIRONMENT: Marine siliciclastic.
• SPECIFIC LITHOLOGY: Sandstone. LITHIFICATION: Lithified, on the basis of figured specimens.

Size class: macrofossils

Reposited in the YPM

Collection methods: surface (in situ),

• COLLECTOR: Multiple collectors. REPOSITORY: Many repositories, including YPM.

Primary reference: N. H. Landman and K. M. Waage. 1993. Scaphitid ammonites of the Upper Cretaceous (Maastrichtian) Fox Hills Formation in South Dakota and Wyoming. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 215:1-257 [A. Hendy/A. Hendy/A. Hendy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 88511: authorized by Austin Hendy, entered by Austin Hendy on 13.04.2009

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• COVERAGE: Limited to scaphitid ammonoids, and other taxa from secondary publications. NOMENCLATURE: An authoritative publication, with modern nomenclature, and species-resolution identifications.
 Decapoda -
Brachyura indet. Latreille 1802 crab
 Decapoda - Nephropidae
Hoploparia sp. McCoy 1849 clawed lobster
 Arcida - Parallelodontidae
Parallelodon (Cosmetodon) sulcatinus Evans and Shumard 1857 clam
 Arcida - Cucullaeidae
 Myalinida - Inoceramidae
 Pectinida - Entoliidae
 Pectinida - Pectinoidae
 Pectinida - Oxytomidae
Oxytoma (Hypoxytoma) nebrascana Evans and Shumard 1857 scallop
 Ostreida - Ostreidae
 Ostreida - Pteriidae
 Ostreida - Bakevelliidae
 Mytilida - Mytilidae
Crenella elegantula Meek and Hayden 1862 mussel
 Pholadida - Corbulidae
"Varicorbula crassimarginata" = Corbula (Varicorbula)
"Varicorbula crassimarginata" = Corbula (Varicorbula) clam
 Cardiida - Mactridae
 Cardiida - Veneridae
 Cardiida - Tellinidae
 Cardiida - Tancrediidae
Tancredia americana Meek and Hayden 1857 clam
 Cardiida - Cardiidae
Protocardia subquadrata Evans and Shumard 1857 cockle
 Cardiida - Galeommatidae
 Thraciida - Periplomatidae
 Poromyida - Cuspidariidae
 Pholadomyida - Pholadomyidae
 Lucinida - Lucinidae
 Lucinida - Mactromyidae
Clisocolus moreauensis Meerk and Hayden 1861 clam
 Protobranchia - Solemyidae
Solemya subplicata Awning Clam
 Nuculida - Nuculidae
Nucula cancellata Meek and Hayden 1857 nut clam
 Protobranchia -
 Protobranchia - Nuculanidae
"Nuculana (Jupiteria) scitula" = Jupiteria, Nuculana (Nuculana) grandensis
"Nuculana (Jupiteria) scitula" = Jupiteria pointed nut clam
 Protobranchia - Yoldiidae
 Neogastropoda - Melongenidae
 Neogastropoda - Fasciolariidae
 Neogastropoda - Cancellariidae
 Stromboidea - Aporrhaidae
 Vanikoroidea - Vanikoridae
 Heterostropha - Acteonidae
"Nonacteonina sp." = Nonactaeonina
"Nonacteonina sp." = Nonactaeonina snail
 Pyramidelloidea - Scaphandridae
Ellipsoscapha sp. Stephenson 1941 snail
 Belemnitida - Belemnitellidae
 Sepiida - Actinosepiidae
Actinosepia canadensis Whiteaves 1897 cuttlefish
 Ammonitida - Sphenodiscidae
Sphenodiscus sp. Meek 1871 ammonite
"Sphenodiscus lenticularis" = Sphenodiscus lobatus Tuomey 1856 ammonite
 Ammonitida - Scaphitidae
Discoscaphites sp. Meek 1870 ammonite
Discoscaphites conradi Morton 1834 ammonite
Discoscaphites gulosus Morton 1834 ammonite
Discoscaphites rossi Landman and Waage 1993 ammonite
Jeletzkytes nebrascensis Owen 1852 ammonite
Hoploscaphites comprimus Owen 1852 ammonite
Hoploscaphites nicolletii Morton 1842 ammonite
 Ammonitida - Baculitidae
 Ichnofossils -