Lang. E Quarry-PPM bed 3as: Zanclean, South Africa

List of taxa
Where & when
Taphonomy & methods
Metadata & references
Taxonomic list
cf. Tachysurus sp.
Chondrichthyes - Squatiniformes - Squatinidae
Squatina sp. Dumeril 1806
Osteichthyes indet. Huxley 1880
ETE occurrence; species: Osteichthyes
Reptilia indet. Laurenti 1768
ETE occurrence; species: Squamata
Reptilia - Testudines - Testudinidae
Chersina sp. Gray 1831
Reptilia - Avetheropoda
Aves indet. Linnaeus 1758
ETE occurrence; species: Aves
Reptilia - Avetheropoda - Phasianidae
Phasianidae indet. Horsfield 1821
ETE occurrence; species: Phasianidae
Reptilia - Avetheropoda - Apodidae
Apodidae indet. Hartert 1897
ETE occurrence; species: Apodidae
Reptilia - Avetheropoda - Oceanitidae
Oceanites zaloscarthmus Olson 1985
Reptilia - Avetheropoda - Procellariidae
Pachyptila sp. Illiger 1811
Pachyptila salax Olson 1985
Reptilia - Avetheropoda - Threskiornithidae
Geronticus apelex
Reptilia - Avetheropoda - Struthionidae
Struthio sp. Linnaeus 1758
originally entered as "Strutio sp."
Reptilia - Avetheropoda - Spheniscidae
Dege hendeyi Simpson 1979
3 specimens
Inguza predemersus (Simpson 1971)
Reptilia - Squamata - Chamaeleonidae
Chameleontidae indet. Gray 1825
ETE occurrence; species: Chameleontidae
Reptilia - Squamata
Ophidia indet. Latreille 1804
ETE occurrence; species: Ophidia
Reptilia - Squamata - Gekkonidae
Gekkonidae indet. Gray 1825
ETE occurrence; species: Gekkonidae
Mammalia indet. Linnaeus 1758
ETE occurrence; species: Cetacea
Mammalia - Rodentia
Rodentia indet.
ETE occurrence; species: Rodentia
Mammalia - Rodentia - Muridae
Aethomys adamanticola
5 specimens
Aethomys modernis
4 specimens
Mammalia - Rodentia - Bathyergidae
Bathyergus sp. Illiger 1811
Mammalia - Rodentia - Hystricidae
Hystricidae indet. Fischer de Waldheim 1817
ETE occurrence; species: Hystricidae
Mammalia - Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Pronolagus sp. Lyon 1904
originally entered as "Pronalagus sp."
Mammalia - Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Ceratotherium praecox
Mammalia - Perissodactyla - Equidae
Hipparion cf. baardi
Mammalia - Soricidae
Soricidae indet. Fischer 1814
ETE occurrence; species: Soricidae
Mammalia - Carnivora - Ursidae
Agriotherium africanum Hendey 1972
36 specimens
Mammalia - Carnivora - Phocidae
Homiphoca capensis (Hendey and Repenning 1972)
Mammalia - Carnivora
Adcrocuta australis
Mammalia - Carnivora - Mustelidae
Mellivora benfeldi
3 specimens
Enhydriodon africanus Stromer 1931
2 specimens
originally entered as "Enhydrion africanus"
Plesiogulo monplessulanus
1 specimen
Mammalia - Carnivora - Canidae
Canidae indet. Fischer 1817
ETE occurrence; species: aff. Canis
Vulpes sp. Frisch 1775
Mammalia - Carnivora - Felidae
Felidae indet. Gray 1821
ETE occurrence; species: Felidae
Homotherium sp. Fabrini 1890
Felis issiodorensis Croizet and Jobert 1828
recombined as Lynx issiodorensis
Felis obscura Hendey 1974
Dinofelis diastemata
originally entered as "Dinofelis diastema"
Mammalia - Carnivora - Viverridae
aff. Pseudocivetta sp. Petter 1963
ETE occurrence; species: Viverrinae aff. Pseudocivetta
Mammalia - Carnivora - Herpestidae
Herpestinae indet. Bonaparte 1845
spelled with current rank as Herpestidae
ETE occurrence; species: Herpestinae
Herpestes sp. Illliger 1811
Mammalia - Carnivora - Hyaenidae
Hyaenidae indet. Gray 1821
ETE occurrence; species: Hyaenidae
Hyaenidae indet. Gray 1821
1 specimen
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Hyaenidae sp. E
Ictitherium preforfex
Euryboas sp. Schaub 1941
    = Chasmaporthetes sp. Hay 1921
McKenna and Bell 1997
Mammalia - Proboscidea - Gomphotheriidae
Anancus sp. Aymard 1855
Mammalia - Proboscidea - Elephantidae
Mammuthus subplanifrons
Mammalia - Macroscelidea - Macroscelididae
Elephantulus sp. Thomas and Schwann 1906
Mammalia - Chrysochloridae
Chrysochloris sp. Lacépède 1799
Mammalia - Ungulata - Tayassuidae
Pecarichoerus africanus Hendy 1976
Mammalia - Ungulata - Suidae
Nyanzachoerus cf. jaegeri Coppens 1971
Mammalia - Ungulata - Hippopotamidae
Hippopotamidae indet. Gray 1821
ETE occurrence; species: Hippopotamidae
Mammalia - Ungulata - Giraffidae
Sivatherium hendeyi Harris 1976
Giraffa sp. Brisson 1762
Mammalia - Ungulata - Bovidae
Tragelaphus sp. de Blainville 1816
Simatherium demissum Gentry 1980
5 specimens
Mesembriportax acrae Gentry 1974
1 specimen
Ovibovini indet.
1 individual
ETE minimum number of individuals; species: Ovibovini
cf. Ovibovini indet.
1 individual
ETE minimum number of individuals; species: cf. Ovibovini
Raphicerus paralius Gentry 1980
16 specimens
originally entered as "Parhicerus paralius"
Gazella sp. Blaineville 1816
13 specimens
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: .; Double entry removed abundance could be 7
cf. Damalacra sp. Gentry 1980
12 specimens
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: .; Double entry removed abundance could be 6
Damalacra acalla Gentry 1980
56 specimens
Damalacra neanica Gentry 1980
38 specimens
Damalacra cf. neanica Gentry 1980
1 specimen
Kobus subdolus Gentry 1980
5 specimens
Amphibia indet. Linnaeus 1758
ETE occurrence; species: Anura
see common names

Country:South Africa
Coordinates: 33.0° South, 18.2° East (view map)
Paleocoordinates:33.1° South, 17.7° East
Period:Neogene Epoch:Pliocene
Stage:Zanclean 10 m.y. bin:Cenozoic 6
*Period:Tertiary - Tertiary *Epoch:Miocene - Pliocene
Key time interval:Zanclean
Age range of interval:5.33300 - 3.60000 m.y. ago
* legacy (obsolete) database fields
Formation:Varswater Member:PPM
Local section:Anyskop Local bed:3aS
Stratigraphic resolution:bed
Stratigraphy comments: ETE dating method: time_unit, ETE age comment: Dating by correlation of flora with/radiomet dated sites. bed aS: ETE age Pliocene; age after Hendey 1981
Lithology and environment
Primary lithology: sandstone
Lithology description: ETE rock type adj: 0, ETE lithology comments: quartz sand grading up into phosphatic sand
Geology comments: ETE sed env 1: fluvial, ETE sed env 2: channel ETE event: ., ETE env comment: river channel and bank seds
Modes of preservation:body
Size of fossils:macrofossils
Collection methods and comments
Collection methods:bulk,selective quarrying,surface (in situ)
Collection size:273 specimens
Reason for describing collection:general faunal/floral analysis
Collection method comments: ETE Size: macro; ETE reference list: 632, ; ETE museum list: MNHN: Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, France
Also known as:ETE Locality 1045, "E Quarry, PPM bed 3aS",
Database number:22222
Authorizer:A. Behrensmeyer, A. Turner Enterer:A. Behrensmeyer, H. O'Regan, J. Damuth
Modifier:M. Uhen
Created:1999-06-04 00:00:00 Last modified:2017-05-23 16:34:15
Access level:the public Released:1999-06-04 00:00:00
Creative Commons license:CC BY
Reference information

Primary reference:

5423.ETE 1152G. G. Simpson. 1979. A new genus of late Tertiary penguin from Langebaanweg, South Africa. Annals of the South African Museum 78(1):1-9 [A. Behrensmeyer/A. Behrensmeyer/M. Kosnik]

Secondary references:

7584 M. C. McKenna and S. K. Bell. 1997. Classification of Mammals Above the Species Level 1-640 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/M. Uhen]