Kislang: Villanyian, Hungary

List of taxa
Where & when
Geology
Taphonomy & methods
Metadata & references
Taxonomic list
unclassified
Pachystruthio pannonicus
100 specimens
ca. 100 specimens
"Hystricomys" thueringiacus
1 specimen
H. thüringiacus
Xenalopex remenyii
6 specimens
Pisces
Pisces indet. Linnaeus 1758
1 specimen
synonym of Osteichthyes
Actinopteri - Esociformes - Esocidae
Esox lucius
2 specimens
Actinopteri - Perciformes - Percidae
Percidae indet. Cuvier 1816
1 specimen
Actinopteri - Siluriformes - Siluridae
Siluridae indet. Bridge 1879
2 specimens
Salientia - Palaeobatrachidae
Pliobatrachus cf. langhae
3 specimens
P. cf. lánghae
Salientia - Ranidae
Rana sp. Linnaeus 1758
1 specimen
Salientia - Bufonidae
Bufonidae indet. Gray 1825
1 specimen
Bufo stylaris
1 specimen
Reptilia - Testudines - Testudinidae
Testudo sp. Linnaeus 1758
1 specimen
Reptilia - Testudines - Emydidae
Emys sp. Dumeril 1806
5 specimens
Clemmys sp. Ritgen 1828
5 specimens
    = Emys sp. Dumeril 1806
Janossy 1986
Reptilia - Avetheropoda - Anatidae
Anas sp. Linnaeus 1758
2 specimens
Anas (s.l. sp. indet.)
Mammalia - Rodentia - Muridae
Murinae indet.
2 specimens
1-2 specimens
? Rattus sp. Fischer 1803
1 specimen
Parapodemus sp. Schaub 1938
1 specimen
Mammalia - Rodentia - Cricetidae
cf. Allocricetus indet. Schaub 1930
3 specimens
Kislangia ondatrina
1 specimen
Kislangia kadici
1 specimen
Mimomys coelodus
1 specimen
1 lower M1
Mimomys reidi
1 specimen
1 lower M1
Mimomys simplex
1 specimen
1 lower M1
Mimomys cf. newtoni
1 specimen
1 lower M1
Mimomys kislangensis
1 specimen
1 lower M1
Mimomys sp. Forsyth-Major 1902
40 specimens
ca. 40 molars
Prospalax priscus
2 specimens
Lagurus arankae
7 specimens
6 lower M1 plus molar
Mammalia - Rodentia - Sciuridae
Citellus sp. Oken 1816
1 specimen
synonym of Spermophilus
Mammalia - Rodentia - Castoridae
Castor cf. issiodorensis
9 specimens
Trogontherium boisvilleti
35 specimens
ca. 35 specimens
Mammalia - Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Lagotherium sp. Pictet 1853
30 specimens
ca. 30 specimens
Oryctolagus sp. Lilljeborg 1874
1 specimen
Mammalia - Lagomorpha - Ochotonidae
Prolagus cf. bilobus
1 specimen
Mammalia - Lipotyphla - Talpidae
Desmana crassidens Kretzoi 1953
1 specimen
synonym of Desmana thermalis
Desmagale pannonica Kretzoi 1953
1 specimen
synonym of Desmana thermalis
Talpa sp. Linnaeus 1758
10 specimens
ca. 10 specimens
Mammalia - Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Stephanorhinus etruscus (Falconer 1868)
15 specimens
ca. 15 specimens
Mammalia - Perissodactyla - Equidae
Hipparion moriturum
2 specimens
Macrohippus "robustus"
11 specimens
    = Equus sp. Linnaeus 1758
O'Regan 2003
Allohippus stenonis
100 specimens
ca. 100 specimens
    = Equus stenonis Cocchi 1867
O'Regan 2003
Mammalia - Carnivora - Ursidae
Ursus arvernensis Croizet and Jobert 1828
2 specimens
Ursus etruscus Cuvier 1823
5 specimens
Mammalia - Carnivora - Mustelidae
Lutra cf. bravardi Pomel 1843
2 specimens
Meles sp. Brisson 1762
1 specimen
Xenictis cf. nestii
1 specimen
Mammalia - Carnivora - Canidae
Vulpes sp. Frisch 1775
2 specimens
Vulpes (s.l.) sp.
Canis sp. Linnaeus 1758
1 specimen
size of lupus
Mammalia - Carnivora - Felidae
Epimachairodus cf. crenatidens
4 specimens
    = Homotherium cf. crenatidens
O'Regan 2003
Lynx sp. Kerr 1792
1 specimen
Lynx indet. (?) sp.
Felis cf. lunensis Martelli 1906
1 specimen
Panthera ? issiodorensis
1 specimen
Leo cf. toscana
1 specimen
synonym of Panthera
Leo (?) sp. (cf. toscana)
Mammalia - Carnivora - Hyaenidae
Pachycrocuta robusta
3 specimens
Mammalia - Proboscidea - Gomphotheriidae
Anancus arvernensis (Croizet and Jobert 1828)
1 specimen
1 specimen + fragments
Mammalia - Proboscidea - Mammutidae
"Mammut" borsoni (Hays 1834)
1 specimen
1 specimen + fragment
Mammalia - Proboscidea - Elephantidae
Archidiskodon meridionalis (Nesti 1825)
12 specimens
very common ca. 12 specimens
    = Mammuthus meridionalis Nesti 1825
McKenna and Bell 1997
Mammalia - Ungulata - Suidae
Suidae indet. Gray 1821
1 specimen
Mammalia - Ungulata - Camelidae
Camelus cf. bessarabensis
1 specimen
Mammalia - Ungulata - Bovidae
Bovidae indet. Gray 1821
1 specimen
Bovidae indet. I-II
Parabos sp. Barbour and Schultz 1941
2 specimens
Leptobos etruscus
28 specimens
25-30 specimens
Tragospira pannonica
6 specimens
5-6 specimens
Mammalia - Ungulata - Cervidae
Cervus dicranius
2 specimens
Cervus (s.l.) dicranius
Eucladoceros ? dichotomus
1 specimen
Megaloceros sp. Brookes 1828
few
see common names

Geography
Country:Hungary State/province:Fejer
Coordinates: 47.0° North, 18.4° East (view map)
Paleocoordinates:46.9° North, 18.3° East
Basis of coordinate:based on nearby landmark
Time
Period:Neogene Epoch:Pliocene
Stage:Piacenzian 10 m.y. bin:Cenozoic 6
Key time interval:Villanyian
Age range of interval:3.20000 - 2.58800 m.y. ago
Stratigraphy
Stratigraphy comments: Upper Villanyian, MN17, Late Pliocene
Lithology and environment
Geology comments: 'Below a thin layer of soil, there is a 1-2m thick Upper Pleistocene layer and below that are several meters of sand conglomerate containing a gravel layer 0.2-1m wide with a layer of clay and lime concentrate.'
Taphonomy
Size of fossils:macrofossils,mesofossils
Collection methods and comments
Reason for describing collection:biostratigraphic analysis
Collection method comments: Kislang is one of the localities with the famous 'meridionalis pebbles'
Metadata
Also known as:Kisláng, Kislángi
Database number:35374
Authorizer:A. Turner Enterer:H. O'Regan
Modifier:H. O'Regan Research group:PACED
Created:2003-12-08 08:14:20 Last modified:2004-02-05 05:46:00
Access level:the public Released:2003-12-08 08:14:20
Creative Commons license:CC BY
Reference information

Primary reference:

9534.PACED D. Janossy. 1986. Pleistocene vertebrate faunas of Hungary. Developments in Palaeontology and Stratigraphy, 8. Elsevier, Amsterdam 1-208 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]

Secondary references:

24970 J. A. Holman and U. Fritz. 2001. A new emydine species from the Medial Miocene (Barstovian) of Nebraska, USA with a new generic arrangement for the species of Clemmys sensu McDowell (1964) (Reptilia: Testudines: Emydidae). Zoologische Abhandlungen: Staatliches Museum für Tierkunde Dresden 51(19):321-343 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy]
9786PACED M. Kretzoi. 1953. Jelentes a Kislangi Kalabriai (Villafrankai) fauna feltarasarol. Foldt. Int. Evi. Jel. 1:213-264 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/J. Alroy]
7584 M. C. McKenna and S. K. Bell. 1997. Classification of Mammals Above the Species Level 1-640 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/M. Uhen]