Badam: Late/Upper Pliocene, India

List of taxa
Where & when
Geology
Taphonomy & methods
Metadata & references
Taxonomic list
Reptilia - Testudines - Testudinidae
Colossochelys atlas Falconer and Cautley 1844
synonym of Megalochelys sivalensis
Reptilia - Testudines - Geoemydidae
Geoclemys sivalensis Tewari and Badam 1969
synonym of Geoclemys hamiltonii
Reptilia - Crocodylidae
Crocodylus biporcatus
Crocodylus palaeindicus Falconer 1859
Reptilia
Gavialis browni Mook 1932
Mammalia - Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Rhinoceros palaeindicus Falconer and Cautley 1847
Rhinoceros sivalensis Falconer and Cautley 1847
Chilotherium intermedium
Mammalia - Perissodactyla - Equidae
Hipparion antelopinum
Equus sivalensis
Mammalia - Proboscidea - Elephantidae
Archidiskodon sp. Pohling 1888
    = Mammuthus sp. Brookes 1828
McKenna and Bell 1997
Mammalia - Ungulata - Camelidae
Camelus sp. Linnaeus 1758
Mammalia - Ungulata - Bovidae
Bos sp. Linnaeus 1758
Bison sp. Hamilton-Smith 1827
Bubalus sp. Hamilton-Smith 1827
Proamphibos sp. Pilgrim 1939
Hemibos sp. Falconer 1865
Leptobos sp. Rütimeyer 1877
Mammalia - Ungulata - Cervidae
Cervus sp. Linnaeus 1758
see common names

Geography
Country:India
Coordinates: 29.0° North, 80.0° East (view map)
Paleocoordinates:27.8° North, 80.3° East
Basis of coordinate:estimated from map
Geographic resolution:local area
Time
Period:Neogene Epoch:Pliocene
Stage:Piacenzian 10 m.y. bin:Cenozoic 6
Key time interval:Late/Upper Pliocene
Age range of interval:3.60000 - 2.58800 m.y. ago
Stratigraphy
Lithology and environment
Primary lithology: poorly lithified conglomeratic conglomerate
Includes fossils?Y
Includes fossils?Y
Lithology description: large boulder conglomerate
Environment:terrestrial indet.
Taphonomy
Modes of preservation:body
Size of fossils:mesofossils
Disassociated major elements:some
Disassociated minor elements:many
Temporal resolution:time-averaged
Collection methods and comments
Collection methods:field collection
Reason for describing collection:biostratigraphic analysis
Metadata
Database number:39209
Authorizer:J. Hunter, A. Turner Enterer:D. Ehrenburg, H. O'Regan
Modifier:J. Hunter Research group:vertebrate
Created:2004-05-23 19:27:21 Last modified:2004-05-24 10:09:17
Access level:the public Released:2004-05-23 19:27:21
Creative Commons license:CC BY
Reference information

Primary reference:

10584.5% 9640G.L. Badam. 1977. Fossil mammals of the Upper Siwalik and the problem of the boundary between the Neogene and the Quaternary system in India. Bulletin of the Commission for the Study of the Quaternary Period (47)37-44 [J. Hunter/D. Ehrenburg/J. Hunter]

Secondary references:

7584 M. C. McKenna and S. K. Bell. 1997. Classification of Mammals Above the Species Level 1-640 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/M. Uhen]