La Pietris, Tetoiu 1 lower faunal horizon: Pliocene, Romania

List of taxa
Where & when
Geology
Taphonomy & methods
Metadata & references
Taxonomic list
unclassified
Ophis sp.
Salientia - Bufonidae
Bufo sp. Laurenti 1768
Mammalia - Rodentia - Castoridae
Trogontherium dacicum
Radulesco and Samson 1990
Mammalia - Lagomorpha - Leporidae
Hypolagus brachygnathus
Radulesco and Samson 1990
Mammalia - Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Dicerorhinus etruscus (Falconer 1868)
Radulesco and Samson 1990
    = Stephanorhinus etruscus Falconer 1868
O'Regan 2003
Mammalia - Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus stenonis Cocchi 1867
    = Allohippus athanasiui
Radulesco and Samson 1990
    = Equus athanasiui
McKenna and Bell 1997
Mammalia - Soricidae
Beremendia ? fissidens (Petényi 1864)
    = Beremendia cf. fissidens Petényi 1864
Radulesco and Samson 1990
Mammalia - Carnivora - Canidae
Vulpes aff. donnezani
Canis cf. falconeri
Nyctereutes megamastoides Pomel 1842
Mammalia - Carnivora - Felidae
Felis (Lynx) issiodorensis Croizet and Jobert 1828
    = Lynx issiodorensis Croizet and Jobert 1828
Radulesco and Samson 1990
Mammalia - Proboscidea - Elephantidae
Archidiskodon meridionalis (Nesti 1825)
    = Mammuthus meridionalis Nesti 1825
Radulesco and Samson 1990
Mammalia - Ungulata - Bovidae
Pliotragus ardeus
Radulesco and Samson 1990
Mammalia - Ungulata - Cervidae
Euctenoceros sp. Trouessart 1898
    = Eucladoceros sp. Falconer 1868
Radulesco and Samson 1990
see common names

Geography
Country:Romania
Coordinates: 44.8° North, 23.9° East (view map)
Paleocoordinates:44.9° North, 23.6° East
Basis of coordinate:based on nearby landmark
Time
Period:Neogene Epoch:Pliocene
10 m.y. bin:Cenozoic 6
Key time interval:Pliocene
Age range of interval:5.33300 - 2.58800 m.y. ago
Stratigraphy
Local bed:Tetiou 1 lower faunal horizon
Local order:bottom to top
Regional section:Dacic Basin
Stratigraphy comments: Late Pliocene, just before the Olduvai event (based on palaeomagnetism). Faunal comparison indicates that the Lower Faunal Horizon (Tetoiu 1) correlates with the upper part of the Khaprov faunal complex, upper MN17 (St Vallier Zone), probably equivalent to the Tiglian warm stage. Fauna at La Pietris is dominated by equids, suggesting a more continental climate (drier and cooler), possibly a cooler oscillation of the Tiglian.

About 92m below the top of the section, in 'a sequence of sands and fine sands, 2m thick.'
Lithology and environment
Lithology description: 'a sequence of sands and fine sands, 2m thick.'
Environment:fluvial-lacustrine indet.
Geology comments: The lower faunal horizon is in an approximately 20m thick bed consisting 'predominantly of silty sands and sand, levels with gravels and larger pebbles were also observed. These beds are rich in faunal remains.' 'The beds have an average dip of 1 to 2 degrees SE.'
Taphonomy
Size of fossils:macrofossils,mesofossils
Collection methods and comments
Collection methods:bulk
Reason for describing collection:biostratigraphic analysis
Metadata
Database number:39845
Authorizer:A. Turner Enterer:H. O'Regan
Modifier:H. O'Regan Research group:PACED
Created:2004-06-09 06:26:23 Last modified:2004-07-01 09:08:04
Access level:the public Released:2004-06-09 06:26:23
Creative Commons license:CC BY
Reference information

Primary reference:

11025.PACED A. Bolomey. 1965. Die fauna zweier villafrankischer Fundstellen in Rumaenien. Berichte der geologischen Gesellschaft der DDR, Berlin 10(1):77-88 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]

Secondary references:

7584 M. C. McKenna and S. K. Bell. 1997. Classification of Mammals Above the Species Level 1-640 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/M. Uhen]
9580PACED H. J. O'Regan. 2003. Reidentifications and synonomies of European mammals. [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/M. Uhen]
10805PACED C. Radulesco and P. Samson. 1990. The Plio-Pleistocene mammalian succession of the Oltet Valley, Dacic Basin, Romania. Quatarpalaontologie 8:225-232 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]