Fintina lui Mitilan (upper faunal level), Tetoiu 2 middle faunal horizon: Early/Lower Pleistocene, Romania

List of taxa
Where & when
Taphonomy & methods
Metadata & references
Taxonomic list
Allocaenelephas sp.
Mammalia - Rodentia - Castoridae
Castor plicidens Major 1874
synonym of Castor fiber
Trogontherium boisvilletti
normal size.
Mammalia - Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Dicerorhinus etruscus (Falconer 1868)
    = Stephanorhinus etruscus Falconer 1868
O'Regan 2003
Mammalia - Perissodactyla - Equidae
Allohippus ex gr. major
    = Equus ex gr. major DeKay 1842
McKenna and Bell 1997
synonym of Equus complicatus
Allohippus stenonis
Allohippus stenonis mitilanensis
    = Equus stenonis Cocchi 1867
McKenna and Bell 1997
Equus stenonis mitilanensis
Mammalia - Proboscidea - Elephantidae
Mammuthus meridionalis (Nesti 1825)
Mammalia - Ungulata - Suidae
Sus strozzii
Mammalia - Ungulata - Giraffidae
Mitilanotherium inexspectatum Samson and Radulesco 1966
Mammalia - Ungulata - Bovidae
Leptobos sp. Rütimeyer 1877
Megalovis latifrons
Mammalia - Ungulata - Cervidae
Cervus nestii
Eucladoceros sp. Falconer 1868
see common names

Coordinates: 44.7° North, 23.9° East (view map)
Paleocoordinates:44.7° North, 23.8° East
Basis of coordinate:based on nearby landmark
Period:Quaternary Epoch:Pleistocene
10 m.y. bin:Cenozoic 6
Key time interval:Early/Lower Pleistocene
Age range of interval:2.58800 - 0.78100 m.y. ago
Local bed:Tetoiu 2 middle faunal horizon
Local order:bottom to top
Regional section:Dacic Basin
Stratigraphy comments: Early Pleistocene. Faunal comparison indicates that the Middle Faunal Horizon (Tetoiu 2) correlates with the ?Tasso faunal unit, Seneze zone, Eburonian cold stage and Domashkinianhorizon/Odessan faunal complex. The middle faunal horizon corresponds to a general cooling and drying of the climate. The deposits consist of a basal succession of clays and sands, 8m thick, which underlies a sequence 6m thick, consisting predominantly of sands with gravel lenses. The upper faunal level consists of sands and gravels 0.5m thick, 0.7-1.0m above the main (lower) faunal level.
Lithology and environment
Lithology description: Sands and gravels.
Environment:fluvial-lacustrine indet.
Geology comments: The Middle faunal horizon is at the top of a 40m sequence of sands with gravel and pebble lenses and thin clay intercalations. 'The beds have an average dip of 1 to 2 degrees SE.' 'Two metres above the upper faunal level, frost structures (ice wedges, involution pockets) were recorded.'
Size of fossils:macrofossils
Collection methods and comments
Collection methods:field collection
Reason for describing collection:biostratigraphic analysis
Taxonomic list comments:Allohippus stenonis mitilanensis is a medium sized form with slender limbs.
Database number:39866
Authorizer:A. Turner Enterer:H. O'Regan
Modifier:H. O'Regan Research group:PACED
Created:2004-06-10 04:15:24 Last modified:2004-06-10 07:33:32
Access level:the public Released:2004-06-10 04:15:24
Creative Commons license:CC BY
Reference information

Primary reference:

10805.PACED C. Radulesco and P. Samson. 1990. The Plio-Pleistocene mammalian succession of the Oltet Valley, Dacic Basin, Romania. Quatarpalaontologie 8:225-232 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]

Secondary references:

7584 M. C. McKenna and S. K. Bell. 1997. Classification of Mammals Above the Species Level 1-640 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/M. Uhen]
9580PACED H. J. O'Regan. 2003. Reidentifications and synonomies of European mammals. [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/M. Uhen]