Tsalk: Pliocene, Georgia

List of taxa
Where & when
Taphonomy & methods
Metadata & references
Taxonomic list
Mammalia - Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus stenonis Cocchi 1867
Mammalia - Carnivora - Canidae
Canis aff. etruscus Forsyth Major 1877
Mammalia - Proboscidea - Elephantidae
Archidiskodon meridionalis (Nesti 1825)
    = Mammuthus meridionalis Nesti 1825
McKenna and Bell 1997
Mammalia - Ungulata - Bovidae
Leptobos sp. Rütimeyer 1877
Mammalia - Ungulata - Cervidae
Cervus sp. Linnaeus 1758
Eucladoceros sp. Falconer 1868
Dama aff. nestii
see common names

Coordinates: 41.6° North, 44.0° East (view map)
Paleocoordinates:41.6° North, 45.6° East
Basis of coordinate:based on nearby landmark
Period:Neogene Epoch:Pliocene
10 m.y. bin:Cenozoic 6
Key time interval:Pliocene
Age range of interval:5.33300 - 2.58800 m.y. ago
Lithology and environment
Primary lithology:lenticular lithified sandy claystone
Includes fossils?Y
Lithology description: Sandy clay; the level at which the bones were found is the site of constant drainage of ground waters.
Modes of preservation:body
Size of fossils:mesofossils
Associated major elements:some
Disassociated minor elements:some
Collection methods and comments
Reason for describing collection:general faunal/floral analysis
Database number:39882
Authorizer:J. Hunter, A. Turner Enterer:D. Ehrenburg, H. O'Regan
Modifier:D. Ehrenburg
Created:2004-06-10 12:12:38 Last modified:2004-06-10 15:12:38
Access level:the public Released:2004-06-10 12:12:38
Creative Commons license:CC BY
Reference information

Primary reference:

10818.5% 25540A. K. Vekua, D.G. Djigauri, and R.I. Torozov. 1984. Noviye Paleontologicheskiye Nakhodki v Okrestnostiakh Tsalka. Bulletin of the Academy of Science of the Georgian SSR 118(2):373-376 [J. Hunter/D. Ehrenburg/M. Carrano]

Secondary references:

7584 M. C. McKenna and S. K. Bell. 1997. Classification of Mammals Above the Species Level 1-640 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/M. Uhen]