Oggenhausen 2 (Miocene of Germany)

Where: Baden-Württemberg, Germany (48.7° N, 10.2° E: paleocoordinates 48.9° N, 8.8° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: OSM C mammal zone, Upper Freshwater Molasse Formation (Molasse Group), MN 5 (16.0 - 13.7 Ma)

• The fossils come from a 15 to 50 cm thick bed of marl and clay wich is overlain by 2 m of gastropod limestones which, in turn, are overlain by ejecta of the Ries impact. Lithological and biostratigraphical data point to a stratigraphic position within the Upper Freshwater Molasse at the Lower/Middle Miocene boundary (middle part of MN5).

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: fluvial-lacustrine; unlithified marl and unlithified claystone

• gastropod rich marl and clay

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Collected by E. P. J. Heizmann in 1980; reposited in the SMNS

Collection methods: sieve,

• The fossils are from an artificial outcrop (a 10 m deep trench) that existed in 1980 at the construction site of the Ulm-Würzburg autobahn.

Primary reference: R. Böttcher, E. P. J. Heizmann, M. W. Rasser and R. Ziegler. 2009. Biostratigraphy and palaeoecology of a Middle Miocene (Karpathian, MN 5) fauna from the northern margin of the North Alpine Foreland Basin (Oggenhausen 2, SW' Germany). Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Abhandlungen 254(1/2):237-260 [J. Mueller/T. Liebrecht]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 48325: authorized by John Alroy, entered by Susanna Kümmell on 16.03.2005, edited by Torsten Liebrecht

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• Szyndlar & Böhme (1993, Mertensiella 3) list Vipera sp. with reference to Szyndlar & Schleich (1993, Stuttg. Beitr. Naturk. B 192). In the latter paper, however, no Vipera from Oggenhausen is mentioned. Szyndlar & Rage (2002, in Schuett et al. (eds.) Biology of vipers) explicitly state that no vipers are known from Oggenhausen. Böttcher et al. (2009) again list Vipera sp., based on newly prepared material. These findings, however, only comprise venom fangs based on which only identification on family level is possible (see, e.g., Syndlar & Schleich, 1993). Hence this taxon has been entered as Viperidae indet. in the taxonomic list. (TL)
Crustacea
 Crustacea -
Crustacea indet. crustacean
"crab claws", "very frequent"
Gastropoda
 Pulmonata - Gastrocoptidae
 Pulmonata - Endodontidae
Discus pleuradrus Bourguignat 1881 disk snail
"rare"
 Helicoidea - Hygromiidae
Leucochroopsis sp. Boettger 1908 slug
"rare"
 Helicoidea - Helicidae
Cepaea sp. Held 1838 slug
"very rare"
 Basommatophora - Planorbidae
Planorbarius cornu Brongniart 1810 pulmonate
"very frequent"
Anisus sp. Studer 1820 pulmonate
"frequent"
 Basommatophora - Lymnaeidae
Galba dupuyiana pulmonate
"very frequent"
Radix sp. Montfort 1810 pulmonate
"very rare"
Actinopteri
 Anabantiformes - Channidae
Channa cf. elliptica von Salis 1967 snakehead
"frequent"
 Gobiiformes - Gobiidae
Gobius helvetiae goby
"very rare"
 Cypriniformes - Cyprinidae
Palaeoleuciscus sp. Obrhelová 1969 carp-like fish
"frequent"
Palaeocarassius sp. Obrhelová 1970 carp-like fish
"frequent"
Osteichthyes
 Salientia - Pelobatidae
Pelobates sp. Wagler 1830 spadefoot toad
"rare"
Eopelobates sp. Parker 1929 spadefoot toad
"rare"
 Salientia - Pelodytidae
Pelodytes sp. Fitzinger 1838 parsley frog
"very rare"
 Salientia -
Latonia ragei Hossini 1993 frog
"frequent"
 Salientia - Ranidae
Pelophylax sp. Fitzinger 1843 frog
"very rare"
 Salientia - Hylidae
Hyla sp. Laurenti 1768 tree frog
"very rare"
 Salientia - Bufonidae
Bufo cf. priscus toad
"rare"
 Caudata - Urodela
Chelotriton paradoxus Pomel 1853 newt
"frequent"
Triturus cf. marmoratus Latreille 1800 marbled newt
"very frequent"
Triturus cf. vulgaris Linnaeus 1758 smooth newt
"very frequent"
Mioproteus caucasicus mudpuppy
"very frequent"
Salamandra sansaniensis Lartet 1851 salamander
"very rare"
Reptilia
 Testudines - Pangeoemydidae
Mauremys sp. Gray 1870 pond turtle
"very rare"
Aves
 Aves -
Aves indet. bird
"rare"
Reptilia
 Crocodylia - Diplocynodontidae
"Diplocynodon cf. styriacus" = Diplocynodon ungeri
"Diplocynodon cf. styriacus" = Diplocynodon ungeri Prangner 1845 crocodilian
"frequent"
 Squamata - Lacertidae
Lacerta sp. Linnaeus 1758 lizard
"rare"
 Squamata - Anguidae
Ophisaurus sp. Daudin 1803 glass lizard
"frequent"
 Squamata - Viperidae
Viperidae indet. Oppel 1811 viper
"rare"; also, see comments on taxonomic list
 Squamata - Colubridae
cf. Elaphe sp. Wagler 1833 colubrid snake
"rare"
cf. Natrix sp. Laurenti 1768 water snake
"rare"
 Squamata - Scincidae
? Tropidophorus bavaricus Böhme 2010 skink
"rare"
Mammalia
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Eumyarion spp. Thaler 1966 mouse
"weinfurteri-latior-bifidus"
Megacricetodon aff. bavaricus Fahlbusch 1964 mouse
Megacricetodon aff. minor Lartet 1851 mouse
Democricetodon mutilus Fahlbusch 1964 mouse
 Rodentia - Sciuridae
Blackia miocaenica Mein 1970 squirrel
Spermophilinus besanus Cuenca 1988 squirrel
 Rodentia - Gliridae
Microdyromys complicatus De Bruijn 1966 dormouse
Miodyromys vagus Mayr 1979 dormouse
 Rodentia - Eomyidae
Keramidomys thaleri Hugueney and Mein 1968 rodent
 Lagomorpha - Ochotonidae
 Lipotyphla - Erinaceidae
Galerix symeonidisi, "Lanthanotherium aff. sansaniense" = Lantanotherium
Galerix symeonidisi Doukas 1986 hedgehog
"Lanthanotherium aff. sansaniense" = Lantanotherium hedgehog
 Lipotyphla - Talpidae
Mygalea jaegeri Seemann 1938 mole
 Tribosphenida - Soricidae
Crocidosoricinae indet. Reumer 1987 shrew
 Tribosphenida - Heterosoricidae
Dinosorex cf. zapfei Engesser 1975 placental
 Chiroptera - Vespertilionidae
cf. Paleptesicus sp. Zapfe 1970 vesper bat
 Carnivora - Felidae
Pseudaelurus quadridentatus de Blainville 1843 cat
 Carnivora - Viverridae
Viverridae indet. Gray 1821 civet
 Marsupialia - Herpetotheriidae
Amphiperatherium frequens von Meyer 1846 marsupial
 Artiodactyla - Cainotheriidae
Cainotherium bavaricum Berger 1959 even-toed ungulate