Fissure 6, Quarry 3, Monte Tuttavista, Orosei, Sardinia (Pliocene to of Italy)

Also known as VI 3

Where: Sardinia, Italy (40.4° N, 9.7° E: paleocoordinates 40.5° N, 8.3° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: Pliocene to Pliocene (5.3 - 0.0 Ma)

• Probably Early Pleistocene, within the localities this is known as the 'nesogoral complex', and cosnsistes of VI 3, X ghiro, VII, VII blocco strada and VII mustelide. However, an earlier, Late Pliocene date cannot be ruled out.

Environment/lithology: fissure fill

• Monte Tuttavista is 836m a.s.l. and is formed of Mesozoic limestones. Dissolution has formed a network of fissures, which are mainly narrow and coincident with fracture lineaments.
• Fissures contain various detrital sediments ranging from fossil breccias to dark clays. Different depositional events can be distinguished in some of the larger fissures/cavities.

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Collection methods: bulk, sieve,

• Specimens are held at the Operating Office of the Soprintendenza per Beni Archeologici in Nuoro and in the Archaeological Museum of Nuoro.

•Localities found in 1995, this paper (ref. 13691) reports on work from 1996-2003.

Primary reference: L. Abbazzi, C. Angelone, M. Arca, G. Barisone, C. Bedetti, M. Delfino, T. Kotsakis, F. Marcolini, M. R. Palombo, M. Pavia, P. Piras, L. Rook, D. Torre, C. Tuveri, A. M. F. Valli and B. Wilkens. 2004. Plio-Pleistocene fossil vertebrates of Monte Tuttavista (Orosei, Eastern Sardinia, Italy), an overview. Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia 110(3):681-706 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 51478: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 06.06.2005

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• Only 1 Caprinae new genus, new species, present.
 Salientia -
 Sauria -
Aves indet. Linnaeus 1758 bird
 Anseriformes - Anatidae
Anatidae indet. Vigors 1825 waterfowl
 Strigiformes - Strigidae
Athene sp. Scopoli 1769 true owl
 Gruiformes - Rallidae
Rallidae "sp. 1" Vigors 1825 rail
Rallidae "sp. 2" Vigors 1825 rail
 Accipitriformes - Accipitridae
Accipitridae indet. Viellot 1816 hawk
Aquila indet. Linnaeus 1758 eagle
 Squamata - Lacertidae
Lacerta sp. Linnaeus 1758 lizard
 Squamata - Agamidae
Agama sp. Daudin 1802 lizard
Agama (s.l.) indet.
 Squamata - Viperidae
Vipera sp. Laurenti 1768 viper
 Squamata -
 Squamata - Gekkonidae
Gekkonidae indet. Gray 1825 gecko
 Squamata -
Amphisbaenia indet. Gray 1844 worm lizard
 Primates - Cercopithecidae
 Rodentia - Muridae
 Rodentia - Gliridae
Tyrrhenoglis cf. figariensis Zammit et al. 1982 dormouse
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
 Lagomorpha - Ochotonidae
Prolagus cf. sardus Wagner 1829 pika
 Lipotyphla - Talpidae
Talpa tyrrhenica Bate 1945 mole
 Tribosphenida - Soricidae
Nesiotites "sp. 1" Bate 1945 shrew
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
Pannonictis sp. Kormos 1931 mustelid carnivore
cf. Mustela putorius Linnaeus 1758 European polecat
 Artiodactyla - Suidae
Sus sp. Linnaeus 1758 pig
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
Caprinae sp. n. gen. n. sp., Caprinae indet. n. gen. n. sp.
Caprinae sp. n. gen. n. sp. Gray 1821 antelope
Caprinae indet. n. gen. n. sp. Gray 1821 antelope
Caprinae gen. et sp. nov.