Fissure 10, 3 Uccelli Quarry, Monte Tuttavista, Orosei (Pleistocene to of Italy)

Also known as X 3 uccelli

Where: Sardinia, Italy (40.4° N, 9.7° E: paleocoordinates 40.4° N, 9.5° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: Calabrian to Calabrian (1.8 - 0.1 Ma)

• Latest Early Pleistocene/ Early Middle Pleistocene. A new faunal complex, with ancestral species prior to the classic 'Praemegaceros-Tyrrhenicola' complex and only represented by two sites - X3 Uccelli and X mele.

Environment/lithology: fissure fill; siliciclastic sediments

• Monte Tuttavista is 836m a.s.l. and is formed of Mesozoic limestones. Dissolution has formed a network of fissures, which are mainly narrow and coincident with fracture lineaments.
• Fissures contain various detrital sediments ranging from fossil breccias to dark clays. Different depositional events can be distinguished in some of the larger fissures/cavities.

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Collection methods: bulk, sieve,

• Specimens are held at the Operating Office of the Soprintendenza per Beni Archeologici in Nuoro and in the Archaeological Museum of Nuoro.

•Localities found in 1995, this paper (ref. 13691) reports on work from 1996-2003.

Primary reference: L. Abbazzi, C. Angelone, M. Arca, G. Barisone, C. Bedetti, M. Delfino, T. Kotsakis, F. Marcolini, M. R. Palombo, M. Pavia, P. Piras, L. Rook, D. Torre, C. Tuveri, A. M. F. Valli and B. Wilkens. 2004. Plio-Pleistocene fossil vertebrates of Monte Tuttavista (Orosei, Eastern Sardinia, Italy), an overview. Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia 110(3):681-706 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 51482: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 06.06.2005

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

""Pisces" indet." = Osteichthyes
""Pisces" indet." = Osteichthyes Huxley 1880 bony fish
 Perciformes - Serranidae
Serranus scriba perch-like fish
 Labriformes - Labridae
 Gadiformes - Gadidae
Gadidae indet. Rafinesque 1810
 Ornithurae -
Passeriformes indet. Linnaeus 1758 perching bird
 Passeriformes - Alaudidae
Alauda cf. arvensis Linnaeus 1758 Eurasian skylark
Melanocorypha cf. calandra Linnaeus 1766 calandra lark
 Passeriformes - Fringillidae
"Carduelis chloris" = Chloris chloris
"Carduelis chloris" = Chloris chloris Linnaeus 1758 European greenfinch
 Primates - Cercopithecidae
 Rodentia - Muridae
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Tyrrhenicola sp. n. sp. Forsyth Major 1905 mouse
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
 Lagomorpha - Ochotonidae
Prolagus cf. sardus Wagner 1829 pika
 Lipotyphla - Talpidae
Talpa tyrrhenica Bate 1945 mole
 Tribosphenida - Soricidae
Nesiotites "sp. 1" Bate 1945 shrew
 Carnivora - Mustelidae
Pannonictis sp. Kormos 1931 mustelid carnivore
 Carnivora - Canidae
? Cynotherium sp. Studiati 1857 canid
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
Caprinae indet. Gray 1821 antelope