Fissure 11, canide Quarry, Monte Tuttavista, Orosei, Sardinia (Pleistocene to of Italy)

Also known as XI canide

Where: Sardinia, Italy (40.4° N, 9.7° E: paleocoordinates 40.4° N, 9.5° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: Middle Pleistocene to Middle Pleistocene (0.8 - 0.0 Ma)

• Middle-Late Pleistocene. A new faunal complex subdivided into primitive (earlier) 'Praemegaceros-Tyrrhenicola' complex and a later one. This is the earlier and comprises the following fissures - XI canide, XI dic.2001, XI Mar 2002, XI 3, XI rondone. IX Prolagus, XI 3, IV 5 and IV 20 appear to form a slightly earlier subgroup.

Environment/lithology: fissure fill

• Monte Tuttavista is 836m a.s.l. and is formed of Mesozoic limestones. Dissolution has formed a network of fissures, which are mainly narrow and coincident with fracture lineaments.
• Fissures contain various detrital sediments ranging from fossil breccias to dark clays. Different depositional events can be distinguished in some of the larger fissures/cavities.

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Collection methods: bulk, sieve,

• Specimens are held at the Operating Office of the Soprintendenza per Beni Archeologici in Nuoro and in the Archaeological Museum of Nuoro.

•Localities found in 1995, this paper (ref. 13691) reports on work from 1996-2003.

Primary reference: L. Abbazzi, C. Angelone, M. Arca, G. Barisone, C. Bedetti, M. Delfino, T. Kotsakis, F. Marcolini, M. R. Palombo, M. Pavia, P. Piras, L. Rook, D. Torre, C. Tuveri, A. M. F. Valli and B. Wilkens. 2004. Plio-Pleistocene fossil vertebrates of Monte Tuttavista (Orosei, Eastern Sardinia, Italy), an overview. Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia 110(3):681-706 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 51483: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 06.06.2005

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Salientia -
 Salientia - Discoglossidae
Discoglossus sardus painted frog
 Sauria -
Aves indet. Linnaeus 1758 bird
 Strigiformes - Strigidae
Strigidae indet. Vigors 1825 true owl
Bubo cf. insularis Mourer-Chauvire and Weesie 1986 eagle-owl
 Ornithurae -
Passeriformes indet. Linnaeus 1758 perching bird
 Passeriformes - Corvidae
Pyrrhocorax sp. Tunstall 1771 perching bird
 Accipitriformes - Accipitridae
Accipitridae indet. Viellot 1816 hawk
 Squamata - Lacertidae
Podarcis sp. Wagler 1830 Wall lizards
Lacerta sp. Linnaeus 1758 lizard
 Squamata - Agamidae
Agama sp. Daudin 1802 lizard
Agama (s.l.) indet.
 Squamata -
 Squamata - Colubridae
Natrix sp. Laurenti 1768 water snake
 Squamata - Gekkonidae
Gekkonidae indet. Gray 1825 gecko
 Rodentia - Muridae
Rhagamys orthodon Hensel 1856 mouse
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Tyrrhenicola henseli F. Major 1905 mouse
 Lagomorpha - Ochotonidae
Prolagus cf. sardus Wagner 1829 pika
 Tribosphenida - Soricidae
Nesiotites "sp. 2" Bate 1945 shrew
 Carnivora - Canidae
Cynotherium sp. Studiati 1857 canid
 Artiodactyla - Cervidae
Praemegaceros sp. Portis 1920 deer