Punta Colorada, Cubagua Island (Pliocene of Venezuela)

Where: Venezuela (10.8° N, 64.2° W: paleocoordinates 10.8° N, 63.6° W)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Globoratalia miocenica foram zone, Cerro Negro Member (Araya Formation), Late/Upper Pliocene (3.6 - 2.6 Ma)

• STRATIGRAPHIC RELATIONS: From the Araya Fm of the Cubagua Gp (Late Miocene-Pliocene), which overlies the La Güica Fm. THICKNESS: From a formation that has a maximum thickness of 164 m at its type section. AGE: Late Pliocene on the basis of planktonic foraminifera. Belongs to the Globoratalia miocenica zone(3.2-2.4 Ma) according to Castro and Mederos, 1997. STRATIGRAPHIC POSITION: A composite list for the formation at this section.

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: coastal; poorly lithified, fine-grained sandstone

• ENVIRONMENT: Tropical shallow-marine environment of normal salinity and with a sandy substrate.
• SPECIFIC LITHOLOGY: Poorly consolidated fossiliferous fine sand. LITHIFICATION: Poorly lithified (or unlithified) on the basis of facies description.

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Collected by Landau in 2003-2007

Collection methods: surface (float), surface (in situ),

• COLLECTOR: B. Landau and colleagues, over "last five years". REPOSITORY: Not stated, but possibly Centro de Geologia da Universidad de Lisboa, Camp Grande, Portugal, NHM Vienna, and personal collection of B. Landau.

Primary reference: B. Landau and C. Marques da Silva. 2010. Early Pliocene gastropods of Cubagua, Venezuela: Taxonomy, palaeobiogeography and ecostratigraphy. Palaeontos 19:1-221 [A. Hendy/A. Hendy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 111010: authorized by Austin Hendy, entered by Austin Hendy on 18.06.2011

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• COVERAGE: Exhaustive for gastropoda. Does not include other mollusca. NOMENCLATURE: Not an authoritative publication, but with modern nomenclature and including systematic revision of other neighboring Caribbean assemblages.
 Neogastropoda - Olividae
Oliva immortua Pilsbry and Brown 1917 olive snail
Oliva reticularis Lamarck 1811 olive snail
 Neogastropoda -
Eburna caroniana Maury 1925 snail
 Neogastropoda - Buccinidae
Hesperisternia corrugata Gabb 1873 true whelk
 Neogastropoda - Nassariidae
Nassarius trinitatensis Jung 1969 snail
 Neogastropoda - Fasciolariidae
Fusinus vonderschmidti Rutsch 1934 snail
 Neogastropoda - Cystiscidae
Persicula lavelana Hodson 1927 snail
 Neogastropoda - Marginellidae
Prunum calypsonis Maury 1925 margin shell
 Neogastropoda - Turbinellidae
Turbinella trinitatis Maury 1925 snail
 Neogastropoda - Costellariidae
Conomitra caribbeana Weisbord 1929 ribbed mitre
 Neogastropoda - Drilliidae
Clathrodrillia gatunensis Toula 1909 snail
Hindsiclava caroniana Maury 1925 snail
 Neogastropoda - Turridae
Fusiturricula springvaleensis Mansfield 1925 turrid
 Neogastropoda - Conidae
Conus imitator Brown and Pilsbry 1911 cone shell
Conus jaspideus Gmelin 1791 cone shell
 Ficoidea - Ficidae
Ficus carbasea Guppy 1866 fig shell
 Naticoidea - Naticidae
Stigmaulax beaumonti Rutsch 1934 moon snail
Mammilla arepa Landau and Marques da Silva 2010 moon snail
 Cypraeoidea - Pediculariidae
Jenneria loxahatcheensis Smith 1936 Jenner's Cowry
 Cypraeoidea - Cypraeidae
Pseudozonaria fehsei Landau and Marques da Silva 2010 cowry
Muracypraea grahami Ingram 1947 cowry
 Vermetoidea - Vermetidae
Serpulorbis papulosus Guppy 1866 worm shell
Petaloconchus sculpturatus Lea 1846 worm shell
SUBSPECIES: Petaloconchus sculpturatus alcimus
 Calyptraeoidea - Calyptraeidae
"Crucibulum (Crucibulum) subsutum" = Crucibulum subsutum, Calyptraea centralis, Crepidula maculosa
"Crucibulum (Crucibulum) subsutum" = Crucibulum subsutum Guppy 1867 slipper shell
Calyptraea centralis Conrad 1841 slipper shell
Crepidula maculosa Conrad 1846 slipper shell
 Tonnoidea - Personidae
Distorsio mcgintyi Emerson and Puffer 1953 snail
MISSPELT AS: Distorsio macgintyi
 Tonnoidea - Bursidae
Bursa rugosa Sowerby 1835 frog shell
 Sorbeoconcha - Turritellidae
Turritella (Bactrospira) caronensis Mansfield 1925 turret shell
Turritella (Bactrospira) planigyrata Guppy 1867 turret shell
 Architectonicoidea - Architectonicidae
Architectonica nobilis Röding 1798 sundial
 Turbinoidea - Turbinidae
Turbo (Senectus) castanea Gmelin 1791 snail
 Trochoidea - Trochidae
Calliostoma (Elmerlinia) pascaleae Landau and Marques da Silva 2010 top snail