Hyopsodus Hill (Eocene of the United States)

Also known as Tabernacle Butte Locality 5

Where: Sublette County, Wyoming (42.7° N, 110.1° W: paleocoordinates 46.7° N, 96.1° W)

• coordinate based on political unit

• small collection-level geographic resolution

When: Bridger Formation, Bridgerian (50.3 - 46.2 Ma)

Environment/lithology: terrestrial

Primary reference: P. O. McGrew, J. E. Berman, M. K. Hecht, J. M. Hummel, G. G. Simpson and A. E. Wood. 1959. The geology and paleontology of the Elk Mountain and Tabernacle Butte area, Wyoming. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 117(3):117-176 [J. Alroy/J. Alroy/R. Whatley]more details

PaleoDB collection 16244: authorized by John Alroy, entered by John Alroy on 18.02.1993, edited by Robin Whatley, Roger Benson and Terri Cleary

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Gastropoda
  - Bulimulidae
Oreoconus sp.7 McKenna et al. 1962 snail
may be O. planispira
  - Urocoptidae
? Holospira sp.7 Martens 1860 snail
 Basommatophora - Planorbidae
Osteichthyes
 Salientia - Megophryidae
"Megophryinae indet." = Megophryidae3
"Megophryinae indet." = Megophryidae3 Nobel 1931 frog
AMNH 3832, incomplete sacrum
 Salientia -
Diplasiocoela indet.3 Nichols 1916 frog
AMNH 3833, incompletely preserved sacrum
 Salientia - Rhinophrynidae
Eorhinophrynus septentrionalis n. sp.3 Hecht 1959 burrowing toad
AMNH 3818 (holotype), single complete atlas
Reptilia
 Loricata -
Crocodylia indet.3 crocodilian
"Crocodilia", scattered fragmentary remains; no specimen no.s given
 Squamata - Teiidae
Teiidae indet.3 Gray 1827 lizard
AMNH 3812, badly broken dentaries
 Squamata -
Entomophontes hutchisoni8, "Saniwa sp." = Saniwa3, "Thinosaurus stenodon" = Saniwa3, Peltosaurus sp.3
Entomophontes hutchisoni8 Smith and Gauthier 2013 lizard
AMNH 3820, single fragment of left maxilla
"Saniwa sp." = Saniwa3 Leidy 1870 lizard
AMNH 3813, vertebrae from the anterior and posterior thoracic region and the caudal region; AMNH 3814, almost complete dentary; multiple other specimens not described
"Thinosaurus stenodon" = Saniwa3 lizard
Either AMNH 3822 or 3823 (text unclear), fragment bearing acrodont teeth
Peltosaurus sp.3 Cope 1872 lizard
"several incomplete dentaries"
 Squamata - Anguidae
Xestops sp.3, "Dimetopisaurus wyomingensis n. sp." = Xestops vagans3
Xestops sp.3 Cope 1873 lizard
AMNH 3834, two osteoscutes
"Dimetopisaurus wyomingensis n. sp." = Xestops vagans3 Marsh 1873 lizard
AMNH 3819 (holotype), single frontal
 Squamata -
Coniophis platycarinatus n. sp.3 Hecht 1959 snake
AMNH 3827 (holotype), incomplete mid-thoracic vertebra
Coniophis carinatus n. sp.3 Hecht 1959 snake
AMNH 3826 (holotype), incomplete mid-thoracic vertebra; several referred specimens including [no cat. no.], a tiny vertebra less that 2.2mm long
 Squamata - Boidae
Boavus sp.3 Marsh 1871 boa
AMNH 3809, "abundant remains"
Calamagras primus n. sp.3 Hecht 1959 dwarf boa
Misspelled "Calamagrus" in text: AMNH 3828 (holotype), nearly complete anterior mid-thoracic vertebra; additional referred vertebrae also found at this locality
Paraepicrates brevispondylus n. sp.3 Hecht 1959 sand boa
AMNH 3829, complete mid-thoracic vertebra
 Squamata - Tropidophiidae
Dunnophis microechinis n. sp.3 Hecht 1959 dwarf boa
AMNH 3830 (holotype), complete mid-thoracic vertebra; referred specimens include unspecified vertebrae
 Squamata - Rhineuridae
Rhineura sp.3 Cope 1861 worm lizard
AMNH 3811
Lestophis sp.3 Marsh 1885 worm lizard
AMNH 3824, incomplete vertebra; AMNH 3825, vertebra
 Squamata - Xantusiidae
Palaeoxantusia fera n. gen. n. sp.2
Palaeoxantusia fera n. gen. n. sp.2 Hecht 1956 night lizard
referred specimen AMNH 3821, splenio-dentary; type is also said by Hecht (1959) to be from locality 5, but is in "S.W. 1/4 sect. 34, T. 29 N., R. 105 W." according to Hecht (1956), which is the section north of the one including Hyopsodus Hill and including locality 6
Mammalia
 Primates - Microsyopidae
Uintasorex parvulus Matthew 1909 primate
Microsyops cf. annectens9 Marsh 1872 primate
 Primates - Omomyidae
Washakius insignis Leidy 1873 tarsier
 Rodentia - Sciuravidae
Sciuravus nitidus Marsh 1871 rodent
Taxymys lucaris Marsh 1872 rodent
 Rodentia - Reithroparamyidae
 Rodentia - Ischyromyidae
Paramys delicatior Leidy 1871 rodent
Acritoparamys wyomingensis1 Wood 1959 rodent
 Rodentia - Paramyidae
Paramyidae "indet. A"4 Miller and Gidley 1918 rodent
Paramyidae "indet. B"1 Miller and Gidley 1918 rodent
 Condylarthra - Hyopsodontidae
Hyopsodus lepidus Matthew 1909 condylarth
 Tribosphenida - Phenacodontidae
Phenacodus sp.9 Cope 1873 condylarth
 Lipotyphla - Geolabididae
Centetodon bacchanalis1 McGrew et al. 1959 placental
Centetodon bembicophagus6 Lillegraven et al. 1981 placental
Centetodon pulcher7 Marsh 1872 placental
 Perissodactyla - Brontotheriidae
"Telmatherium manteoceras" = Telmatherium validus1
"Telmatherium manteoceras" = Telmatherium validus1 Marsh 1872 brontothere
 Perissodactyla - Hyrachyidae
Hyrachyus cf. eximius Leidy 1871 odd-toed ungulate
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Orohippus sp. Marsh 1872 horse
two forms
 Tribosphenida - Nyctitheriidae
Nyctitherium velox Marsh 1872 placental
described by Krishtalka 1976b
 Tribosphenida - Apternodontidae
Apternodontidae indet.7 Matthew 1910 placental
 Tribosphenida -
Talpavus cf. nitidus7 Marsh 1872 placental
supported by Krishtalka 1976a, contra Russell et al. 1975
 Chiroptera -
Chiroptera indet.7 Blumenbach 1779 bat
 Macroscelidea - Amphilemuridae
Scenopagus priscus5 Marsh 1872 elephant shrew
a new specimen (AMNH 56060) not described earlier
 Hyaenodonta -
Didelphodus altidens7 Marsh 1872 eutherian
 Theriiformes - Herpetotheriidae
"Herpetotheriinae indet." = Herpetotheriidae1, Herpetotherium knighti1
"Herpetotheriinae indet." = Herpetotheriidae1 Trouessart 1879 marsupial
Herpetotherium knighti1 McGrew et al. 1959 marsupial
 Artiodactyla - Diacodexeidae
Neodiacodexis emryi9 West and Atkins 1970 even-toed ungulate
 Sarcobora - Apatemyidae
Apatemys sp.9 Marsh 1872 insectivoran