Vangfontein, annexe of Nooitgedacht 25 farm (Triassic to of South Africa)

Where: Eastern Cape, South Africa (31.5° S, 25.0° E: paleocoordinates 65.2° S, 21.6° W)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Lystrosaurus other zone, Katberg Formation (Beaufort Group), Induan to Induan (252.2 - 247.2 Ma)

• Botha et al. (2007) considered this part of the Lystrosaurus AZ to be Olenekian; however, this was revised to Induan by MacDougall et al. (2013)

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: fluvial; fine-grained, medium sandstone and red mudstone

• "The outcrops here consist of fine-tomedium-grained pale olive (10YR6/2) sandstone bodies separated by very dusky red (10R2/2) fissile mudrock. The sandstone bodies have a ‘gullied’ basal contact containing pedogenic glaebules, and scouring of the interchannel facies is evident: both features indicate flash flooding"

Size class: macrofossils

Collection methods: NM: National Museum, Bloemfontein

Primary reference: J. Botha, S. P. Modesto, and R. M. H. Smith. 2007. Extended procolophonoid reptile survivorship after the end-Permian extinction. South African Journal of Science 103:54-56 [R. Butler/R. Butler]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 171371: authorized by Richard Butler, entered by Richard Butler on 09.07.2015

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Procolophonia - Procolophonidae
Sauropareion anoplus Modesto et al. 2001 parareptile
NMQR 3544, 3556, 3602
 Eosuchia -
Archosauriformes indet. Gauthier 1986 archosauromorph
NMQR 3570