Sterkfontein - Member 4 (Pliocene to of South Africa)

Also known as ETE Locality 609, Lower Breccia, Sterkfontein - Member 4,

Where: South Africa (26.0° S, 27.7° E: paleocoordinates 26.3° S, 27.4° E)

• basin-level geographic resolution

When: 14 Member (Sterkfontein Formation), Pliocene to Pliocene (5.3 - 0.8 Ma)

• ETE dating method: absolute, ETE age comment: based on two samples of bovid teeth radiometric intage_min

Environment/lithology: cave

• ETE sed env 1: trap, ETE sed env 2: cave ETE event: ., ETE env comment: karstic sol. of dolomite,periodic floods from surf
• ETE rock type adj: breccia, ETE lithology comments: Bed A=dolomite/chert,Bed B+C=red brown calcified clastics, Bed D=banded calcite, fine lenses=sheetflood deposits

Collection methods: quarrying

• ETE Size: both; ETE reference list: 415, 414, 412, 411, 409, 123, 121, 104, ; ETE museum list: TM

Primary reference: T. C. Partridge. 1978. Re-appraisal of lithostratigraphy of Sterkfontein hominid site. Nature 275:282-287 [A. Behrensmeyer/A. Behrensmeyer/M. Kosnik]more details

PaleoDB collection 21791: authorized by Anna Behrensmeyer, entered by Anna Behrensmeyer on 13.10.1995, edited by John Damuth and Hannah O'Regan

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Mammalia
  -
Mammalia indet. Linnaeus 1758 mammal
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Mammalia
Mammalia indet. Linnaeus 1758 mammal
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Carnivora
 Primates - Hominidae
Australopithecus africanus Dart 1925 australopithecine
 Primates - Cercopithecidae
Cercopithecidae indet. Gray 1821 monkey
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Cercopithecidae
Papio izodi Gear 1926 baboon
Parapapio sp. Jones 1937 monkey
Parapapio broomi Jones 1937 monkey
Parapapio jonesi Broom 1940 monkey
Parapapio whitei Broom 1940 monkey
 Rodentia - Hystricidae
Hystrix africaeaustralis Peters 1852 Cape porcupine
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus sp. Linnaeus 1758 horse
Equus capensis Broom 1909 horse
 Carnivora - Canidae
Canis mesomelas Schreber 1775 black-backed jackal
 Carnivora - Felidae
Felidae indet. Gray 1821 cat
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Felidae
Panthera leo Linnaeus 1758 lion
Panthera pardus Linnaeus 1758 leopard
 Carnivora - Hyaenidae
Hyaenidae indet. Gray 1821 hyaena
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Hyaenidae
Hyaena hyaena Linnaeus 1758 striped hyaena
Crocuta cf. spelaea spotted hyaena
Crocuta crocuta Erxleben 1777 spotted hyaena
Pachycrocuta brevirostris Gervais 1850 brown hyaena
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
"Elephas recki" = Palaeoloxodon recki
"Elephas recki" = Palaeoloxodon recki Dietrich 1915 elephant
 Hyracoidea - Procaviidae
Procavia antiqua Broom 1934 Cape hyrax
Procavia transvaalensis Shaw 1937 Cape hyrax
 Artiodactyla - Suidae
Metridiochoerus sp. Hopwood 1926 pig
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
Bovidae indet. Gray 1821 antelope
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: antelope size I
Bovidae indet. Gray 1821 antelope
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: antelope size II
Bovidae indet. Gray 1821 antelope
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: antelope size III
Bovidae indet. Gray 1821 antelope
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: antelope size IV
Syncerus sp. Hodgson 1847 African buffalo
"Tragelaphus cf. angasi" = Tragelaphus angasii Gray 1849 nyala
Makapania cf. broomi Wells and Cooke 1956 antelope
Gazella sp. Blaineville 1816 gazelle
"Antidorcas cf. bondi" = Gazella bondi Cooke and Wells 1951 gazelle
cf. Megalotragus sp. van Hoepen 1932 antelope
Damaliscus sp. Sclater and Thomas 1894 antelope
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: sp.1-Sterkfontein
Damaliscus sp. Sclater and Thomas 1894 antelope
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: 142-Sterkfontein
Damaliscus sp. Sclater and Thomas 1894 antelope
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: 141-Sterkfontein
Connochaetes sp. Lichtenstein 1812 wildebeest
Hippotragini indet. Sundevall 1845 antelope
ETE number of identifiable specimens; species: Hippotragini
Hippotragus cf. equinus Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire 1803 roan antelope
Redunca cf. arundinum Boddaert 1785 southern reedbuck
Adenota
  -
"Antidorcas cf. recki" = Adenota recki
"Antidorcas cf. recki" = Adenota recki Schwartz 1932