Kpogame-Hahotoe (Eocene of Togo)

Where: Togo (6.3° N, 1.3° E: paleocoordinates 1.2° N, 4.6° W)

• coordinate stated in text

• local area-level geographic resolution

When: P11 foram zone, Lutetian (47.8 - 41.3 Ma)

• deposits simply referred to as the Kpogame-Hahotoe phosphates

•Type locality is the highly fossiliferous stratigraphic level near the top of mining level Couche-1, the ‘‘bone-bed reposant’’ (BBR)

•Planktonic foraminiferal zone P11 in the middle Lutetian, middle Eocene (Cappetta and Traverse, 1988; zone E9 of Berggren and Pearson, 2005).

• formation-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: marine; phosphorite

Size class: macrofossils

Preservation: original phosphate

Collection methods: salvage,

Primary reference: H. Cappetta and M. Traverse. 1988. Une riche faune de Selaciens dans le Bassin a Phosphate de Kpogame-Hahotoe (Eocene moyen du Togo): Note preliminaire et precisions sur la structure et l'age du gisement. Geobios 21(3):359-365 [M. Uhen/M. Uhen/J. Alroy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 32991: authorized by Mark Uhen, entered by Mark Uhen on 22.07.2003

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Odontaspidida - Lamiostomatidae
Xiphodolamia eocaena Woodward 1889 elasmobranch
 Rajiformes - Rhinobatidae
Rhinobatos sp. Link 1790 guitarfish
 Rhinopristiformes - Pristidae
Pristis lathami Galeotti 1837 sawfish
Propristis schweinfurthi Priem 1897 sawfish
 Myliobatiformes -
Coupatezia sp. Cappetta 1982 stingray
 Myliobatiformes - Dasyatidae
Dasyatis sp. Rafinesque 1810 whiptail stingray
sp. 1-7
Dasyatis cf. jaekeli Leriche 1906 whiptail stingray
 Myliobatiformes - Myliobatidae
Myliobatis sp. Cuvier 1816 eagle ray
"Leidybatis jugosus" = Myliobatis jugosus Leidy 1876 eagle ray
? Mobula sp. Rafinesque 1810 devil ray
Archaeomanta cf. melenhorsti Herman 1979 eagle ray
Burnhamia sp. Cappetta 1976 eagle ray
Rhinoptera sp. Cuvier 1829 cownose ray
 Myliobatiformes -
Arechia sp. Cappetta 1983 stingray
Merabatis sp. Cappetta 1983 stingray
 Myliobatiformes - Gymnuridae
Gymnura sp. Van Hasselt 1823 stingray
 Torpediniformes - Narcinidae
Narcine sp. Henle 1834 numbfish
 Lamniformes - Otodontidae
"Carcharocles debrayi" = Otodus (Carcharocles)
"Carcharocles debrayi" = Otodus (Carcharocles) mackerel shark
 Lamniformes - Lamnidae
Isurus praecursor Thurmond and Jones 1981 mako shark
 Lamniformes - Odontaspididae
Synodontaspis koeni sand tiger shark
Synodontaspis sp. White 1931 sand tiger shark
sp. 1 & 2
 Carchariniformes - Carcharhinidae
Physogaleus sp. Cappetta 1980 requiem shark
"Rhizoprionodon cf. ganntourensis" = Scoliodon ganntourensis Arambourg 1952 requiem shark
Abdounia sp. Cappetta 1980 requiem shark
Galeocerdo latidens Agassiz 1843 tiger shark
Galeocerdo eaglesomei White 1926 tiger shark
 Carchariniformes - Sphyrnidae
Sphyrna sp. Rafinesque 1810 hammerhead shark
 Carchariniformes - Hemigaleidae
 Carchariniformes - Triakidae
Galeorhinus sp. de Blainville and Prévost 1816 school shark
  - Scyllidae
Scyliorhinus sp. Blainville 1816 shark
 Orectolobiformes - Ginglymostomatidae
Ginglymostoma angolense Dartevelle and Casier 1943 nurse shark
 Orectolobiformes - Hemiscylliidae
Chiloscyllium sp. Müller and Henle 1837 carpet shark
 Acipenseriformes -
 Ornithurae - Pelagornithidae
? Gigantornis sp.1 Andrews 1916 bird
 Sirenia - Protosirenidae
Protosirenidae indet.2 Sickenberg 1934 sirenian
 Sirenia - Dugongidae
Dugongidae indet.2 Gray 1821 dugong
 Cetacea - Protocetidae
Protocetidae indet.2 Stromer 1908 whale
? Carolinacetus sp.3 Geisler et al. 2005 whale
Togocetus traversei n. gen. n. sp.2 Gingerich and Cappetta 2014 whale