Uromhegy (Pleistocene of Hungary)

Also known as Ürömhegy

Where: Budapest, Hungary (47.6° N, 19.0° E: paleocoordinates 47.6° N, 19.0° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: Middle Pleistocene (0.8 - 0.1 Ma)

• Middle Pleistocene, Biharian.


• 'lime mud.'

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Collection methods: bulk,

• 'the rather considerable vertebrate remains were collected by Krolopp'

Primary reference: D. Janossy. 1986. Pleistocene vertebrate faunas of Hungary. Developments in Palaeontology and Stratigraphy, 8. Elsevier, Amsterdam 1-208 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 35474: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 17.12.2003

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• aquatic-riparian environment. Uniquely large assemblage of fish species (for Hungary) and one of only two sites with Hippopotamus in Hungary (the other is Budakalasz), suggesting that the Hippo did not penetrate far into the Carpathian Basin.
 Esociformes - Esocidae
 Cypriniformes - Cyprinidae
Rhodeus sericeus carp-like fish
Rhodeus sericeus amarus
Aspius aspius carp-like fish
Leuciscus idus carp-like fish
Leuciscus cephalus carp-like fish
Tinca tinca carp-like fish
 Salientia - Ranidae
Rana sp. Linnaeus 1758 frog
 Salientia - Bufonidae
Bufo sp. Laurenti 1768 toad
Reptilia indet. Laurenti 1768 reptile
 Testudines - Pantestudinidae
Testudo sp. Linnaeus 1758 turtle
 Passeriformes - Corvidae
Corvidae indet. Vigors 1825 perching bird
 Ophidia -
Ophidia indet. snake
 Rodentia - Cricetidae
Mimomys savini vole
4 lower M1 and 11 other molars and incisors
Cricetus cricetus Linnaeus 1758 European hamster
C. cricetus praeglacialis
 Rodentia - Castoridae
 Lipotyphla - Talpidae
Desmana thermalis Kormos 1930 Russian desman
Talpa fossilis Petenyi 1864 mole
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Stephanorhinus cf. etruscus2 Falconer 1868 rhinoceros
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
Mammuthus trogontherii1 Pohlig 1888 mammoth
A. "trogontherii cromerensis" - 1 molar (found in 1972 during well sinking 250m north of the locality, in the very same level as the main site), and 2-3 other specimens.
 Artiodactyla - Hippopotamidae
Hippopotamus antiquus Desmarest 1822 hippo
 Artiodactyla - Cervidae
Cervus sp. Linnaeus 1758 deer
Rusa-Axis group