La Pietris, Tetoiu 1 lower faunal horizon (Pliocene of Romania)

Where: Romania (44.8° N, 23.9° E: paleocoordinates 44.9° N, 23.6° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: Pliocene (5.3 - 2.6 Ma)

• Late Pliocene, just before the Olduvai event (based on palaeomagnetism). Faunal comparison indicates that the Lower Faunal Horizon (Tetoiu 1) correlates with the upper part of the Khaprov faunal complex, upper MN17 (St Vallier Zone), probably equivalent to the Tiglian warm stage. Fauna at La Pietris is dominated by equids, suggesting a more continental climate (drier and cooler), possibly a cooler oscillation of the Tiglian.

• About 92m below the top of the section, in 'a sequence of sands and fine sands, 2m thick.'

Environment/lithology: fluvial-lacustrine

• The lower faunal horizon is in an approximately 20m thick bed consisting 'predominantly of silty sands and sand, levels with gravels and larger pebbles were also observed. These beds are rich in faunal remains.' 'The beds have an average dip of 1 to 2 degrees SE.'
• 'a sequence of sands and fine sands, 2m thick.'

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Collection methods: bulk

Primary reference: A. Bolomey. 1965. Die fauna zweier villafrankischer Fundstellen in Rumaenien. Berichte der geologischen Gesellschaft der DDR, Berlin 10(1):77-88 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: biostratigraphic analysis

PaleoDB collection 39845: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 09.06.2004

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Salientia - Bufonidae
Bufo sp. Laurenti 1768 toad
 Rodentia - Castoridae
 Lagomorpha - Leporidae
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Stephanorhinus etruscus2 Falconer 1868 rhinoceros
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
 Tribosphenida - Soricidae
Beremendia cf. fissidens3 Petényi 1864 shrew
 Carnivora - Canidae
 Carnivora - Felidae
Lynx issiodorensis3 Croizet and Jobert 1828 lynx
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
Mammuthus meridionalis3 Nesti 1825 mammoth
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
 Artiodactyla - Cervidae
Eucladoceros sp.3 Falconer 1868 deer