Kossiakino 2, near Stavropol (Pliocene of Russian Federation)

Where: Stavropol'skaya, Russian Federation (45.0° N, 41.8° E: paleocoordinates 45.2° N, 41.5° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: Pliocene (5.3 - 2.6 Ma)

• a second site, above the first (K. 1) in a series of fluvio-lacustrine beds, equivalent in age to the Rousillion fauna. Local age of upper Aktshagylien, Late Lower Villafranchian, Late Upper Pliocene.

Environment/lithology: fluvial-lacustrine

Size class: macrofossils

Primary reference: L. Gabounia. 1974. A propos du Villafranchian du Caucase. Memoires du Bureau de Recherches Geologiques et Minieres 78(1):145-148 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: general faunal/floral analysis

PaleoDB collection 40395: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 23.06.2004

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus cf. stenonis Cocchi 1867 horse
 Proboscidea - Gomphotheriidae
Anancus arvernensis Croizet and Jobert 1828 gomphothere
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
Mammuthus ex gr. meridionalis Nesti 1825 mammoth