Seneze (Domeyrat) (Pliocene to of France)

Where: France (45.3° N, 3.5° E: paleocoordinates 45.3° N, 3.2° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: Pliocene to Pliocene (5.3 - 0.0 Ma)

• This site has been dated to the Late Pliocene or Early Pleistocene by many different authors. There is a suggestion in this paper that there may be a mix of faunas from both time periods at this site, particularly based on the presence of Hippopotamus.


• 'the central depression of a volcanic structure.'

Size class: macrofossils

Collection methods: Some material in the Faculte de Science de l'Universite Claude Bernard, Lyon 1.

Primary reference: E. Heintz, C. Guerin, R. Martin and F. Prat. 1974. Principaux gisements villafranchiens de France: Listes fauniques et biostratigraphie. Memoires du Bureau de Recherches Geologiques et Minieres 78(1):169-182 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/H. O'Regan]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 44231: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 06.09.2004

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Galliformes - Phasianidae
? Gallus bravardi4, "? Tetrao tetrix" = Lyrurus tetrix4
? Gallus bravardi4 Gervais 1852 junglefowl
from Stehlin (1923)
"? Tetrao tetrix" = Lyrurus tetrix4 Linnaeus 1758 black grouse
from Stehlin (1923)
 Galliformes - Odontophoridae
Caccabis sp.4 Kaup 1829 New World quail
from Stehlin (1923)
 Strigiformes - Strigidae
Bubo sp.4 Dumeril 1806 eagle-owl
from Stehlin (1923)
 Passeriformes - Corvidae
Corvus hungaricus4 Lambrecht 1915 crow
from Stehlin (1923)
 Gruiformes - Gruidae
Gruidae indet.4 Vigors 1825 crane
from Stehlin (1923)
 Ciconiiformes - Ciconiidae
Ciconia sp.4 Brisson 1760 stork
from Stehlin (1923)
 Primates - Cercopithecidae
"Dolichopithecus" arvernensis Depéret 1929 monkey
Type site of Dolichopithecus arvernensis. Material held in the Faculty of Sciences, Lyon.
Macaca cf. florentina Cocchi 1872 macaque
1 proximal ulna fragment, Se 1534, Basle Museum.
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Stephanorhinus etruscus3 Falconer 1868 rhinoceros
at least 1 skeleton (Se 1711, Basle) plus many other specimens in Basle, Lyon, Paris, Poitiers and Clermont-Ferrand.
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus bressanus horse
1 upper right P4, 1 upper right P3 or 4, 1 upper left M2, all in Paris. 1 radius (581) in Lyon University, and 1 3rd metatarsal in Clermont-Ferrand University.
Equus stenonis Cocchi 1867 horse
Equus stenonis senezensis. several skeletons, including Se 554 in Basle - the type specimen.
 Carnivora - Ursidae
Ursus minimus1 Devéze and Bouillet 1827 bear
1 mandible (Se 1714, Basle)
 Carnivora - Canidae
Vulpes ? alopecoides Forsyth Major 1877 fox
1 tibia (3735, Faculty of Sciences, Lyon).
Canis sp. Linnaeus 1758 canine
1 maxilla in Basle (Se 1780) and 1 maxilla in Lyon (3736).
Nyctereutes megamastoides Pomel 1842 raccoon dog
at least 1 cranium and 2 mandibles (Se 1779, Basle Museum).
 Carnivora - Felidae
Megantereon megantereon Croizet and Jobert 1828 cat
1 skeleton (Se 311, Basle).
Homotherium sainzelli Aymard 1853 cat
1 complete skeleton (see Ballesio, 1963), in the Faculty of Sciences, Lyon.
Acinonyx pardinensis Croizet and Jobert 1828 cheetah
in Schaub (1942)
 Carnivora - Hyaenidae
Pliocrocuta perrieri3 Kretzoi 1938 hyaena
1 maxilla (Se 312, Basle)
Chasmaporthetes lunensis2 Del Campana 1914 hyaena
1 maxilla (3258, Clermont)
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
"Archidiskodon meridionalis" = Mammuthus meridionalis
"Archidiskodon meridionalis" = Mammuthus meridionalis Nesti 1825 mammoth
many specimens in Paris, Lyon and Basle.
 Artiodactyla - Suidae
Sus strozzii pig
1 skeleton (SE 551, Basle).
 Artiodactyla - Hippopotamidae
Hippopotamus cf. amphibius1 Linnaeus 1758 hippo
Heintz et al (1974) do not think that hippo is present.
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
Leptobos etruscus antelope
abundant material in Basle, Lyon and Paris.
 Artiodactyla - Cervidae
"Cervus" phlisi deer
"Cervus" philisi philisi
Croizetoceros ramosus Croizet and Jobert 1828 deer
Croizetoceros ramosus minor
Eucladoceros senezensis deer
Eucladoceros senezensis senezensis
Cervalces gallicus1 stag moose