Ceyssaguet 1, Lavoute sur Loire, Haute-Loire (Pleistocene of France)

Also known as Cessaguet

Where: Auvergne, France (45.1° N, 3.9° E: paleocoordinates 45.2° N, 3.7° E)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

When: Early/Lower Pleistocene (2.6 - 0.8 Ma)

• Late Early Pleistocene, approximately 1Ma, older than Vallonnet.

Environment/lithology: loess

• Two episodes of deposition - very degraded aeolian loess, followed by river gravels and grey clays. The first indicates cold temperatures (also indicated by the fauna), whilst the latter is indicative of a more temperate climate.

Size classes: macrofossils, mesofossils

Preservation: anthropogenic

Collection methods: Site found in 1980 by M.F and E. Bonifay. No faunal list for Ceyssaguet 2 is given - locality is inside the ancient volcanic crater.

Primary reference: E. Bonifay. 1991. Les Premieres industries du Sud-Est de la France et du Massif-Central. In E. Bonifay, B. Vandermeersch (eds.), Les Premiers Europeens. Edition du comite des Travaux Historiques et Scientifiques (CTHS) 63-80 [A. Turner/H. O'Regan/M. Uhen]more details

Purpose of describing collection: archaeological analysis

PaleoDB collection 47829: authorized by Alan Turner, entered by Hannah O'Regan on 03.03.2005

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

Mammalia
 Perissodactyla - Rhinocerotidae
Stephanorhinus etruscus2 Falconer 1868 rhinoceros
 Perissodactyla - Equidae
Equus stenonis Cocchi 1867 horse
 Carnivora - Ursidae
Ursus etruscus Cuvier 1823 bear
 Carnivora - Canidae
Canis etruscus Forsyth Major 1877 canine
 Carnivora - Felidae
Lynx sp.2 Kerr 1792 lynx
Acinonyx pardinensis Croizet and Jobert 1828 cheetah
 Carnivora - Hyaenidae
Crocuta perrieri spotted hyaena
 Proboscidea - Elephantidae
"Archidiskodon sp." = Mammuthus2
"Archidiskodon sp." = Mammuthus2 Brookes 1828 mammoth
 Artiodactyla - Suidae
Sus sp. Linnaeus 1758 pig
 Artiodactyla - Hippopotamidae
Hippopotamus sp. Linnaeus 1758 hippo
 Artiodactyla - Bovidae
Bovidae indet. Gray 1821 antelope
big bovids.
 Artiodactyla - Cervidae