Dzharakuduk II (general) (Cretaceous to of Uzbekistan)

Also known as Dzarakuduk, Dzhyrakuduk, Djira-Kuduk, Itemir (error)

Where: Navoi, Uzbekistan (42.1° N, 62.7° E: paleocoordinates 36.8° N, 57.0° E)

• coordinate estimated from map

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Bissekty Formation, Middle Turonian to Middle Turonian (93.5 - 89.3 Ma)

• middle-upper Turonian (Averianov 2007)

• bed-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: delta plain; sandstone

• "Channel deposits forming part of a deltaic sequence"
• "fine- to medium-grained, friable, light yellow to dark gray, cross-bedded sands deposited in lenticular bodies"

Size class: macrofossils

Collected by A. D. Arkhangelsky, A. Rozhdestvensky in 1914, 1958; reposited in the PIN

Collection methods: surface (float), sieve,

Primary reference: A. N. Riabinin. 1931. Ostatki dinozavrov iz verkhnego mela nizov'ev r. Amu-Dar'i [On the dinosaurian remains from the Upper Cretaceous of the lower parts of the Amu-Daria River]. Zapiski Rossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva 60(1):114-118 [M. Carrano/M. Carrano]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 75943: authorized by Matthew Carrano, entered by Matthew Carrano on 06.11.2007, edited by Richard Butler, Jonathan Tennant, Franco Villegas-Garin, Bethany Allen and Philip Mannion

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

 Salientia - Discoglossidae
Itemirella cretacea n. gen. n. sp.4
Itemirella cretacea n. gen. n. sp.4 Nessov 1981 painted frog
ZIN PHA K77-6 (holotype), fragment of right maxilla
 Testudines - Macrobaenidae
Anatolemys cf. maximus11 Khozatskii and Nessov 1979 turtle
 Testudines - Trionychidae
Trionychini indet.10, Trionyx cf. kansaiensis2, "Aspideretoides cf. riabinini" = Trionyx riabinini2
Trionychini indet.10 Gray 1825 softshell turtle
ZIN PH 33/17, ZIN PH 18/17, partial braincases; ZIN PH 20/17, ZIN PH 25/17, partial maxillae & jugals; ZIN PH 7/17, partial skull roof; ZIN PH 29/17, ZIN PH 31/17, partial dentaries
Trionyx cf. kansaiensis2 Vitek and Danilov 2010 softshell turtle
"Aspideretoides cf. riabinini" = Trionyx riabinini2 Kuznetsov and Chkhikvadze 1987 softshell turtle
 Testudines - Adocidae
Adocus aksary n. sp.1 Nessov and Krasovskaya 1984 turtle
CCMGE 10/12086, L peripheral 3 (original description mistakenly determined as peripheral 4)
Adocus aksary9 Nessov and Krasovskaya 1984 turtle
Shachemys ancestralis1 Nessov 1984 turtle
 Testudines - Pantrionychidae
Khunnuchelys kizylkumensis10 Brinkman et al. 1993 turtle
 Avetheropoda - Dromaeosauridae
Dromaeosauridae indet.8 Colbert and Russell 1969 coelurosaur
Itemirus medullaris n. gen. n. sp.3 Kurzanov 1976 coelurosaur
PIN 327.699
 Alexornithiformes - Alexornithidae
Kizylkumavis cretacea5 Nessov 1984 bird
TsNIGRI 51/11915 - type (distal part right humerus)
 Neornithischia - Ceratopsidae
Ceratopsidae indet. Marsh 1888 ceratopsid
 Neornithischia -
Levnesovia transoxiana7 Sues and Averianov 2009 bird foot dinosaur
CCMGE No. 1/3760
 Pterosauria - Azhdarchidae
"Azhdarcho imparidens n. gen. n. sp." = Azhdarcho lancicollis4
"Azhdarcho imparidens n. gen. n. sp." = Azhdarcho lancicollis4 Nessov 1984 pterosaur
Hundreds cranial and postcranial bones/fragments. Includes TsNIGR 11915 (holotype), 12454, ZIN PH 44
 Crocodylia - Crocodylidae
Zhyrasuchus angustifrons n. gen. n. sp.6, "Tadzhikosuchus kizylkumensis n. sp." = Tadzhikosuchus macrodentis6
Zhyrasuchus angustifrons n. gen. n. sp.6 Nesov et al. 1989 crocodile
TsNIGRI 332/12457 - type (frontal)
"Tadzhikosuchus kizylkumensis n. sp." = Tadzhikosuchus macrodentis6 Efimov 1982 crocodile
TsNIGRI 331/12457 - type (fragment of L dentary)
 Loricata - Goniopholididae
Zholsuchus procevus n. gen. n. sp.6
Zholsuchus procevus n. gen. n. sp.6 Nesov et al. 1989 crocodilian
TsNIGRI 381/12457 - type (R premaxilla)
 Loricata -
Shamosuchus occidentalis n. sp.6 Efimov 1982 crocodilian
PIN 327/721 - type (partial rostrum)