Cantaure Formation (unspecified localities) (Miocene of Venezuela)

Where: Falcón, Venezuela (11.9° N, 69.8° W: paleocoordinates 11.2° N, 66.6° W)

• coordinate based on nearby landmark

• outcrop-level geographic resolution

When: Cantaure Formation, Burdigalian (20.4 - 16.0 Ma)

• LITHOSTRATIGRAPHY: From the Cantaure Formation, for which lithsotratigraphic relations are not discussed. AGE: Lower Miocene. Díaz de Gamero (1974), based on planktic forams, assigned a Lower Miocene age to the Cantaure Formation, placing it in the Globigerinatella insueta and Praeorbulina glomerosa Zones of Bolli (1966) and Zones N7-N8 of Blow (1969). Rey (1996) confirmed this age based on the nannofossil assemblage, and placing it in the Helicosphaera ampliaperta and Sphenolithus heteromorphus Zones, NN4-NN5. STRATIGRAPHIC POSITION: From unknown position within section.

• group of beds-level stratigraphic resolution

Environment/lithology: transition zone or lower shoreface; unlithified siliciclastic sediments

• Tropical shallow-water assemblage, neritic, no deep-water genera present, normal salinity, perhaps nearby brackish source. Cantaure Formation consists predominantly of siltstones with some muddy sandstones and bioturbated sandstones. The crustacean, foram, mollusk, otolith, and chondrichthyan faunas all support shallow depths (< 50 m), but the relatively fine grain size may indicate offshore-transition rather than shoreface environments.
• LITHIFICATION: Unlithified, on the basis of figured specimens. LITHOLOGY: No lithologic data provided, but assumed to be siliciclastic.

Size class: macrofossils

Collection methods: quarrying,

• COLLECTORS: B. Landau and R. Petit. REPOSITORY: Bernard Landau collection, Portugal (BL coll.).; FLMNH; EDIMAR (Museo de la Estacio´n de Investigaciones Marinas de Margarita)

Primary reference: B. Landau, R. Petit, and C. M. Silva. 2007. The Pliocene Cancellariidae (Mollusca: Gastropoda) of the Cubagua Formation (Cerro Negro Member) from Cubagua Island, with a new species from the Miocene Cantaure Formation, Venezuela. The Veliger 49(1) [A. Hendy/A. Hendy]more details

Purpose of describing collection: taxonomic analysis

PaleoDB collection 96434: authorized by Austin Hendy, entered by Austin Hendy on 07.06.2010

Creative Commons license: CC BY (attribution)

Taxonomic list

• COVERAGE: Taxonomic list based on single group of taxa described in paper. NOMENCLATURE: Authoritative publication, with modern nomenclature, and species-resolution.
 Arcida - Arcidae
"Arca imbricata" = Arca (Arca) imbricata11
"Arca imbricata" = Arca (Arca) imbricata11 Bruguière 1789 ark
 Arcida - Noetiidae
"Noetia (Noetia) reversa" = Noetia reversa11
"Noetia (Noetia) reversa" = Noetia reversa11 Sowerby 1833 clam
SUBSPECIES: Noetia (Noetia) reversa macdonaldi
 Ostreida - Pinnidae
Atrina (Serratrina) serrata11 Sowerby 1825 oyster
 Carditida - Crassatellidae
 Cardiida - Chamidae
Chama berjadinensis12 Hodson 1927 jewel box
Arcinella arcinella12 Linnaeus 1767 jewel box
 Cardiida - Veneridae
Chione (Chionopsis) tegulum12 Brown and Pilsbry 1911 venus clam
Ventricolaria harrisiana12 Olsson 1922 venus clam
Cyclinella cyclica12 Guppy 1866 venus clam
 Neogastropoda - Columbellidae
Mitrella "sp. A"3 Risso 1826 snail
Strombina (Strombina) in Gibson-Smith & Gibson-Smith (1974)
Mitrella cantaurana2 Gibson-Smith 1974 snail
Strombina (Strombina) cantaurana in Gibson-Smith (1974)
 Neogastropoda - Melongenidae
Melongena venezuelana5 Gibson-Smith and Gibson-Smith 1983 snail
 Neogastropoda - Cancellariidae
"Cancellaria (Euclia) werenfelsi" = Euclia werenfelsi, Cancellaria (Bivetiella) lugogonzalezorum n. sp., "Cancellaria (Bivetopsia) sp." = Bivetopsia, Cancellaria (Bivetopsia) herberti n. sp., Cancellaria (Cancellaria) hodsonae, "Cancellaria (Massyla) cantaurana" = Massyla cantaurana, Massyla terryi7, Narona barystoma6
"Cancellaria (Euclia) werenfelsi" = Euclia werenfelsi Jung 1965 snail
Cancellaria (Bivetiella) lugogonzalezorum n. sp. Landau et al. 2007 snail
"Cancellaria (Bivetopsia) sp." = Bivetopsia Jousseaume 1887 snail
Cancellaria (Bivetopsia) herberti n. sp. Landau et al. 2007 snail
Cancellaria (Cancellaria) hodsonae Landau and Petit 1997 snail
"Cancellaria (Massyla) cantaurana" = Massyla cantaurana Landau and Petit 1996 snail
Massyla terryi7 Olsson 1942 snail
Narona barystoma6 Woodring 1970 snail
 Neogastropoda - Turbinellidae
Vasum tuberculatum9, "Vasum haitense" = Vasum haitensis5
Vasum tuberculatum9 Gabb 1873 snail
"Vasum haitense" = Vasum haitensis5 Sowerby 1850 snail
 Neogastropoda - Muricidae
"Pterynotus (Subterynotus) textilis" = Murexiella (Subpterynotus) textilis10 Gabb 1873 murex snail
"Murexiella (Subpterynotus) textilis" = Murexiella (Subpterynotus) textilis9 Gabb 1873 murex snail
Chicoreus (Triplex) cornurectus5 Guppy 1876 murex snail
Chicoreus (Chicoreus) corrigendum8 Vokes 1989 murex snail
Poirieria (Panamurex) eugeniae5 Vokes 1992 murex snail
Vokesimurex messorius5 Sowerby 1841 murex snail
Haustellum gilli8 murex snail
 Neogastropoda -
 Cypraeoidea - Cypraeidae
Zonaria pingata n. sp.4 Landau and Groves 2011 cowry
Zonaria pseudotumulus n. sp.4 Landau and Groves 2011 cowry
Pseudozonaria praeaequinoctialis n. sp.4 Landau and Groves 2011 cowry
Pseudozonaria falconensis n. sp.4 Landau and Groves 2011 cowry
Pseudozonaria primarobertsi n. sp.4 Landau and Groves 2011 cowry
Luria cantaurana n. sp.4 Landau and Groves 2011 cowry
Luria isabellaprimitiva n. sp.4 Landau and Groves 2011 cowry
Trona trinitatensis4 Mansfield 1925 cowry
Trona ingrami n. sp.4 Landau and Groves 2011 cowry
Muracypraea hyaena4 Schilder 1939 cowry
Propustularia longidentata n. sp.4 Landau and Groves 2011 cowry
Propustularia paraguanensis n. sp.4 Landau and Groves 2011 cowry
 Tonnoidea - Ranellidae
Monoplex cercadicus1 Maury 1917 triton shell
Monoplex jackwinorum1 Beu 2010 triton shell
Monoplex krebsii1 Mörch 1877 triton shell
Monoplex ritteri1 Schmelz 1989 triton shell
Reticutriton sp.1 Habe 1966 triton shell
Turritriton domingensis1 Gabb 1873 triton shell
 Tonnoidea - Personidae
Distorsio mcgintyi1 Emerson and Puffer 1953 snail
Distorsio biangulata1 Beu 2010 snail
 Tonnoidea - Tonnidae
Eudolium subfasciatum1 Sacco 1890 tun shell
Malea sp.1 Valenciennes 1833 tun shell
 Tonnoidea - Bursidae
Bursa rugosa1 Sowerby 1835 frog shell
Bursa rhodostoma1 Sowerby 1835 frog shell
 Tonnoidea - Cassidae
Cypraecassis testiculus1 Linnaeus 1758 snail
Cypraecassis cantaurana1 Beu 2010 snail
Sconsia laevigata1 Guppy 1850 snail
Echinophoria hadra1 Woodring and Olsson 1957 snail
Semicassis aldrichi1 Dall 1890 snail
 Architectonicoidea - Architectonicidae
Architectonica nobilis5 Röding 1798 sundial
 Nautilida - Aturiidae
"Aturia curvilineata" = Aturia cubaensis12
"Aturia curvilineata" = Aturia cubaensis12 Lea 1841 nautiloid