Phalium Link 1807 (snail)

Gastropoda - Tonnoidea - Cassidae

Alternative spelling: Cassis (Phalium)

Synonyms: Bezoardica Dall 1909, Bezoardicella Habe 1961, Cassidea (Bezoardica) Dall 1909, Cassis (Bezoardica) Dall 1909, Phalium (Bezoardica) Dall 1909, Semicassis (Bezoardica) Dall 1909

Parent taxon: Phaliinae according to A. G. Beu 2008

See also Beu 2005, Durham 1944, Harzhauser 2002, Ladd 1977, Ladd 1982, Maury 1912, Nagao 1928, Sepkoski 2002, Squires 1984, Squires 1987, Squires 1999, Squires and Advocate 1986, Todd 2001, Vredenburg 1925 and Wilson 1993

Sister taxa: Echinophoria, Kahua, Semicassis

Subtaxa: Phalium (Bezoardica) egberti Phalium (Kahua) Phalium (Menthafontia) Phalium (Phalium) Phalium areola Phalium bandatum Phalium cicatricosum Phalium guppyana Phalium paraensis Phalium undulatum

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Ecology: epifaunal carnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Fiji (1 collection), India (1), Japan (2), Kenya (1), Portugal (1), South Africa (2), United States (1: Florida), Vanuatu (1)

• Pliocene of Japan (1), United States (1: Oregon)

• Miocene of Brazil (2), the Dominican Republic (1), Guam (1), Japan (1), Mexico (1), United States (2: Florida)

• Oligocene of Denmark (1), United States (5: Florida, Mississippi, North Carolina)

• Eocene of Pakistan (1), Trinidad and Tobago (1), United States (56: Alabama, Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Texas)

Total: 84 collections including 89 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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