Modiolus Lamarck 1801 (mussel)

Bivalvia - Mytilida - Mytilidae

Alternative spellings: Modiola, Modiolum, Mytilus (Modiolus)

Parent taxon: Mytilidae according to G. M. El Qot 2006

See also Clark and Arnold 1923, Forbes 1846, Glenn 1904, Lamprell and Healy 1998, Marquet et al. 2008, Marquez-Aliaga et al. 2010, Mikkelsen 2006, Moore 1984, Nagao 1928, Oostingh 1935, Richards and Harbison 1942, Ros-Franch et al. 2014, Rosenberg 2005, Scholz et al. 2008, Sepkoski 2002, Sey and Kalacheva 1980, Squires and Goedert 1991, Stanton 1895, Todd 2001, Vokes 1980 and Ward and Blackwelder 1987

Sister taxa: Adipicola, Adula, Aeidimytilus, Amygdalum, Antetrichomya, Arcomytilus, Arcoperna, Arcuatula, Arcuatulinae, Arvella, Aulacomya, Bathymodiolinae, Bathymodiolus, Botulina, Botulopa, Botulopsis, Brachiodontes, Ciboticola, Crenella, Cuneolus, Dacrydium, Eyrena, Falcimytilus, Fluviolanatus, Geukensia, Gregariella, Hilgardella, Idas, Inoperna, Lecompteus, Lioberus, Lithophaga, Lithophaginae, Lycettia, Mauricia, Modiolaria, Modiolatus, Modiolinae, Musculista, Mytella, Mytilaster, Mytilinae, Mytiloconcha, Perna, Phthonia, Rhomboidella, Scolimytilus, Stavelia, Trichomusculus, Trichomya, Volsella, Volsellina, Vulcanidas, Xenomytilinae, Xenostrobus

Subtaxa: Modiola (Lithophagus) Modiola (Septiola) Modiola amygdalina Modiola angustissima Modiola barbata Modiola bolodekensis Modiola contracta Modiola costulata Modiola cylindrica Modiola decliva Modiola exbrocchii Modiola fornicata Modiola goldfussi Modiola gracilis Modiola hartleyensis Modiola houstonia Modiola klipsteinii Modiola longaticensis Modiola major Modiola marmorata Modiola merriami Modiola minuta Modiola multiradiata Modiola myoconchaeformis Modiola ocrophaius Modiola pantanellii Modiola pictinatus Modiola potomacensis Modiola praerupta Modiola pueblensis Modiola raibliana Modiola ravni Modiola rhombea Modiola sanharica Modiola schafhaeutli Modiola siskiyouensis Modiola solenoides Modiola subcarinatus Modiola sulcatus Modiola transparens Modiola tulipea Modiola visgnolae Modiola vomer Modiolus (Cyranus) Modiolus (Inoperna) Modiolus (Modiolus) Modiolus (Modiolusia) Modiolus addicotti Modiolus adelaidensis Modiolus aequalis Modiolus altiobliquus Modiolus ameghinoi Modiolus americana Modiolus americanus Modiolus anatinus Modiolus archiskanni Modiolus areolatus Modiolus auriculatus Modiolus ausiensis Modiolus bakeri Modiolus balongensis Modiolus bipartitus Modiolus buckmani Modiolus capax Modiolus cawcawensis Modiolus columbianus Modiolus dalli Modiolus dimidiatus Modiolus ducatelii Modiolus ducatellii Modiolus ellipticus Modiolus extensus Modiolus frugi Modiolus gabbi Modiolus gejiuensis Modiolus gerthi Modiolus gibbus Modiolus giganteus Modiolus gigantoides Modiolus gigantus Modiolus grammatus Modiolus guiyangensis Modiolus hollicki Modiolus ionensis Modiolus jaworskii Modiolus kelsoensis Modiolus koneckii Modiolus kutinskensis Modiolus latecaudatus Modiolus ligeriensis Modiolus magnus Modiolus meganosensis Modiolus micropteris Modiolus minimus Modiolus muensteri Modiolus omanensis Modiolus ornatus Modiolus philippinarum Modiolus pliciferus Modiolus porterensis Modiolus pulchellus Modiolus pygmaeus Modiolus raubensis Modiolus restorationensis Modiolus reversus Modiolus sacculifer Modiolus salzstettensis Modiolus sandbergeri Modiolus semilaevigatus Modiolus silentiensis Modiolus solea Modiolus sookensis Modiolus speciosus Modiolus strajeskianus Modiolus subsimplex Modiolus tenuistriatus Modiolus trigonalis Modiolus trinominata Modiolus triquetra Modiolus typicus Modiolus virginicus Modiolus wajampolkensis Modiolus weiyuanensis Modiolus willapaensis Modiolus ynezianus Modiolus yunnanensis Mytilus (Modiolus) cypris Mytilus (Modiolus) pulcher

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Ecology: stationary semi-infaunal suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Australia (2 collections), the Bahamas (2), Bermuda (2), Canada (2: Newfoundland and Labrador, Quebec), Ecuador (1), Eritrea (1), France (1), French Polynesia (1), Iceland (2), Ireland (1), Japan (4), Kenya (1), Mauritius (1), Mexico (12), Morocco (1), the Netherlands (6), Pakistan (1), Saudi Arabia (1), South Africa (1), Sweden (1), the United Kingdom (7), United States (31: California, Florida, Maryland, New Jersey, North Carolina, Oregon, South Carolina, Virginia)

• Pliocene of Australia (1), Belgium (2), Costa Rica (1), Ecuador (1), Indonesia (2), Italy (1), Japan (2), Pakistan (3), the Russian Federation (2), Spain (2), Trinidad and Tobago (2), the United Kingdom (4), United States (11: California, Florida, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia)

• Miocene to Pliocene of United States (11: California)

• Miocene of Algeria (2), Argentina (5), Austria (1), Brazil (1), Bulgaria (2), Chile (3), Croatia (1), Cyprus (5), the Dominican Republic (2), France (1), Germany (1), Hungary (1), Indonesia (2), Italy (1), Jamaica (2), Japan (6), Moldova (2), Morocco (3), New Zealand (1), Northern Mariana Islands (1), Panama (1), Poland (5), Romania (2), the Russian Federation (14), South Africa (1), Spain (1), Ukraine (1), United States (31: California, Delaware, Florida, Maryland, New Jersey, North Carolina)

• Oligocene to Miocene of Antarctica (1), Argentina (1), United States (6: Florida)

• Oligocene of Argentina (4), Belgium (1), Canada (2: British Columbia), France (3), Hungary (2), Iran (1), Israel (1), Jamaica (1), Japan (2), the Russian Federation (9), United States (21: Alaska, California, Florida, Georgia, North Carolina, Washington)

• Eocene of Antarctica (11), Argentina (2), Australia (2), Bulgaria (2), Egypt (1), Haiti (1), India (1), Indonesia (1), Italy (1), Japan (4), New Zealand (2), Panama (1), Romania (3), the Russian Federation (5), Saudi Arabia (1), Spain (1), the United Kingdom (6), United States (57: Alabama, California, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Mississippi, New Jersey, North Carolina, Oregon, South Carolina, Texas, Washington, Washinton)

• Paleocene to Eocene of the Russian Federation (1)

• Paleocene of Argentina (2), Belgium (2), Denmark (6), Greenland (1), Nigeria (1), the Russian Federation (4), United States (17: Alabama, California, Georgia, Louisiana, New Jersey)

• Cretaceous of Algeria (1), Antarctica (5), Argentina (16), Austria (2), Brazil (4), Bulgaria (1), Canada (10: Alberta, Northwest Territories, Yukon), Chile (2), Ecuador (1), Egypt (14), France (6), Germany (7), Hungary (1), India (1), Iran (3), Italy (1), Japan (8), Libya (1), Madagascar (2), Mozambique (3), the Netherlands (1), New Zealand (11), Niger (2), Oman (5), Pakistan (1), Peru (2), Poland (5), the Russian Federation (5), Serbia and Montenegro (1), South Africa (1), Spain (2), Sweden (1), Switzerland (2), Turkmenistan (1), USSR (7), Ukraine (1), the United Kingdom (10), United States (92: Alabama, Arizona, California, Colorado, Georgia, Kansas, Maryland, Mississippi, New Jersey, New Mexico, North Carolina, North Dakota, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Wyoming)

• Jurassic to Cretaceous of Canada (1: British Columbia)

• Jurassic of Argentina (25), Canada (30: British Columbia, Northwest Territories, Yukon), Chile (89), China (17), Denmark (1), Egypt (2), Eritrea (1), Ethiopia (17), France (51), Germany (9), Greenland (65), Hungary (3), India (51), Iran (1), Italy (3), Japan (10), Jordan (3), Kenya (5), Luxembourg (3), Madagascar (7), Mexico (6), Poland (6), Portugal (67), Romania (1), the Russian Federation (15), Saudi Arabia (29), Slovakia (1), Somalia (9), Spain (24), Switzerland (2), Tanzania (9), Thailand (4), Tunisia (67), the United Kingdom (102), United States (37: Alaska, California, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Wyoming), Vietnam (2), Yemen (16)

• Triassic to Jurassic of the United Kingdom (3)

• Triassic of Argentina (3), Austria (2), Bosnia and Herzegovina (1), Canada (1: British Columbia), Chile (1), China (38), Egypt (1), France (8), Germany (14), Hungary (14), India (1), Indonesia (5), Israel (1), Italy (24), Japan (3), Jordan (2), Malaysia (1), the Netherlands (2), Romania (1), the Russian Federation (4), Serbia and Montenegro (2), Slovakia (1), Slovenia (3), Spain (16), Tunisia (1), Turkey (1), the United Arab Emirates (4), the United Kingdom (12), United States (3: Alaska, Utah), Vietnam (5)

• Permian of Australia (10), China (3), Nepal (1), Pakistan (1), the Russian Federation (8), United States (1: Alaska)

• Atokan of United States (1: Ohio)

• Namurian of Spain (1)

• Chesterian of United States (2: Ohio, West Virginia)

• Carboniferous to Permian of the Russian Federation (1)

• Carboniferous of Argentina (1), Bosnia and Herzegovina (1), Ireland (1), the United Kingdom (5), United States (11: Arizona, Kansas, Nevada, Oklahoma, Utah, West Virginia)

• Devonian of Brazil (8), Germany (1), Uruguay (1)

Total: 1683 collections including 2003 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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