Pycnodonte Fischer von Waldheim 1835 (oyster)

Bivalvia - Ostreida - Gryphaeidae

Alternative spellings: Ostrea (Pycnodonte), Pycnodonta

Parent taxon: Pycnodonteinae according to M. C. Perrilliat 1994

See also Beu et al. 1990, Bouchet et al. 2010, El Qot 2006, Gliozzi and Malatesta 1983, Maxwell 1992, Moore 1987, Olsson and Richards 1961, Robinson and Lee 2011, Sepkoski 2002, Squires and Demetrion 1990, Stilwell 1998, Tashiro and Kozai 1982, Vokes 1980, Ward 1992 and Woodring 1982

Sister taxa: Gigantostrea, Hyotissa, Hyotissini, Labrostrea, Neopycnodonta, Neopycnodonte, Neopycnodontini, Pycnodonteini, Texigryphaea, Monticulina, Costeina

Subtaxa: Gryphaea belli Pycnodonta frauscheri Pycnodonta vesicularis Pycnodonte (Costeina) Pycnodonte (Crenostrea) Pycnodonte (Gigantostrea) Pycnodonte (Pegma) Pycnodonte (Phygraea) Pycnodonte (Pycnodonte) Pycnodonte amakusensis Pycnodonte costei Pycnodonte gryphovicinus Pycnodonte heermanni Pycnodonte percrassa Pycnodonte squarrosa Pycnodonte trigonalis Pycnodonte vesicularis

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Type: Pycnodonte radiata

Ecology: stationary epifaunal suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Quaternary of United States (1: South Carolina collection)

• Pliocene of Greece (4), Mexico (2), United States (6: California)

• Miocene of Colombia (1), Costa Rica (1), Greece (3), Grenada (1), Italy (1), Mexico (3), New Zealand (6), Panama (2), United States (21: California, Florida, Maryland, New Jersey, North Carolina, Virginia)

• Oligocene to Miocene of United States (2: Florida, Virginia)

• Oligocene of Antigua and Barbuda (1), Bulgaria (8), Denmark (3), France (1), Germany (1), New Zealand (2), Puerto Rico (5), United States (10: California, Florida, Mississippi, North Carolina)

• Eocene of Bulgaria (2), France (2), Italy (3), Japan (5), Mexico (11), the Netherlands (2), the Netherlands Antilles (2), New Zealand (8), Panama (1), Spain (1), Turkey (1), the United Kingdom (3), United States (59: Alabama, California, Florida, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Texas)

• Paleocene of Argentina (64), Austria (4), Belgium (6), Bulgaria (4), China (2), Denmark (3), Egypt (1), France (1), Germany (1), Libya (1), Nigeria (1), Poland (1), Trinidad and Tobago (1), United States (9: Montana, New Jersey, Texas, Virginia)

• Cretaceous to Paleogene of United States (1: New Jersey)

• Cretaceous of Afghanistan (18), Algeria (8), Antarctica (8), Argentina (49), Australia (1), Austria (2), Belgium (2), Brazil (15), Bulgaria (1), Chile (1), China (1), Colombia (4), the Congo-Brazzaville (2), the Czech Republic (8), Denmark (3), Ecuador (2), Egypt (30), France (12), Germany (25), Hungary (1), India (3), Iran (1), Israel (2), Italy (2), Japan (5), Jordan (3), Kazakhstan (7), Libya (3), Madagascar (1), Mexico (2), Morocco (5), Mozambique (3), the Netherlands (1), New Zealand (3), Niger (1), Nigeria (1), Oman (7), Pakistan (1), Poland (11), the Russian Federation (1), Serbia and Montenegro (1), Spain (3), Sweden (1), Switzerland (1), Tunisia (5), Turkey (4), Turkmenistan (1), Ukraine (1), the United Arab Emirates (1), the United Kingdom (15), United States (327: Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Delaware, Georgia, Maryland, Mississippi, Montana, New Jersey, New Mexico, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah)

Total: 901 collections including 985 occurrences

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