Cardium Linnaeus 1758 (cockle)

Bivalvia - Cardiida - Cardiidae

Parent taxon: Cardiinae according to H. E. Vokes 1980

See also Bouchet et al. 2010, Gazdzicki and Pugaczewska 1984, Glenn 1904, Holmes 1860, Mukerjee 1939, Nagao 1928, Nagao 1928, Olsson 1967, Oostingh 1935, Packard 1922, Russell and Landes 1937, Schneider 2002, Sepkoski 2002, Vera-Peláez et al. 2004, Wienrich 1999 and Woods 1922

Sister taxa: Bucardium, Cardiini, Chesacardium, Criocardium, Dinocardiini, Dinocardium, Ethmocardium, Planicardium, Rudicardium, Schedocardia, Septocardia, Vepricardiini, Vepricardium

Subtaxa: Cardium (Criocardium) Cardium (Eucardium) Cardium (Granocardium) Cardium (Pachycardium) Cardium (Tulongocardium) Cardium altum Cardium angustatum Cardium arcumbona Cardium barnense Cardium bisectum Cardium bottegoi Cardium bourdoti Cardium casertanum Cardium centifilosum Cardium cloacinum Cardium comoxense Cardium concinnum Cardium coosense Cardium cucullatum Cardium cuculloides Cardium dalli Cardium dariesi Cardium dickersoni Cardium fragum Cardium impeditium Cardium inaequiconvexum Cardium incomptum Cardium indicum Cardium interruptum Cardium intersectum Cardium khowaiteri Cardium kummeli Cardium ladinum Cardium lincolnensis Cardium lucerna Cardium magnum Cardium midyetti Cardium miikense Cardium moricinum Cardium multicostatum Cardium nanum Cardium nodosulum Cardium nodosum Cardium nuculoides Cardium obliquum Cardium oldroydi Cardium ouachitense Cardium ouralicum Cardium pentagonum Cardium perobliquum Cardium philotarium Cardium pisum Cardium pygmaeum Cardium quilonense Cardium regazzoni Cardium remondianum Cardium rhynchonelloides Cardium riogramamense Cardium soldani Cardium sookensis Cardium spillmani Cardium strigilliferum Cardium subalternatum Cardium talahabense Cardium venustum Cardium verbeeki

View classification

Ecology: facultatively mobile infaunal suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Angola (1 collection), Djibouti (1), Egypt (1), Eritrea (2), Iceland (2), India (1), Ireland (1), Italy (1), Japan (1), the Marshall Islands (5), Morocco (4), Pakistan (1), Poland (11), South Africa (4), Spain (4), Taiwan (1), Tonga (1), the United Kingdom (15), United States (4: California, Florida, South Carolina)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Egypt (1), United States (1: Florida)

• Pliocene of Antarctica (1), Australia (1), Egypt (1), Greece (2), Iceland (2), Japan (2), the Marshall Islands (2), Mexico (1), Pakistan (3), Panama (2), Papua New Guinea (1), Romania (1), the Russian Federation (1), South Africa (2), Spain (1), the United Kingdom (6), United States (5: California, Florida, Oregon, South Carolina), Vanuatu (1)

• Miocene of Algeria (4), Argentina (4), Austria (3), Brazil (6), Bulgaria (1), Chile (2), Cyprus (7), the Czech Republic (5), France (4), Georgia (4), Greece (3), Haiti (1), Hungary (1), India (3), Indonesia (5), Iran (9), Israel (2), Italy (4), Jamaica (1), Japan (1), Libya (2), Malta (1), the Marshall Islands (5), Mexico (1), Morocco (3), Panama (6), Poland (4), Romania (4), the Russian Federation (1), Serbia and Montenegro (1), Slovakia (1), Somalia (5), South Africa (1), Spain (1), Ukraine (1), United States (7: California, Florida, New Jersey, North Carolina, South Carolina)

• Oligocene to Miocene of Argentina (1), Haiti (1)

• Oligocene of Argentina (3), Canada (2: British Columbia), Germany (1), Hungary (2), India (1), Italy (1), Jamaica (3), Mexico (1), Romania (10), the Russian Federation (2), Somalia (1), United States (13: California, Florida, North Carolina)

• Eocene of Angola (3), Brazil (1), Bulgaria (3), Colombia (3), Croatia (5), Egypt (1), France (7), Haiti (1), India (1), Indonesia (1), Italy (1), Jamaica (3), Japan (1), Libya (1), the Netherlands Antilles (2), Nigeria (6), Pakistan (4), Peru (2), Romania (4), Saudi Arabia (1), the United Kingdom (2), United States (29: California, Florida, Massachusetts, New Jersey, South Carolina, Texas, Washington)

• Paleocene of Austria (2), Belgium (1), Denmark (2), Egypt (1), Germany (1), Mexico (1), Nigeria (1), Pakistan (1), Poland (2), United States (17: Alabama, California, Louisiana, New Jersey, Texas)

• Paleogene of Japan (1)

• Cretaceous of Brazil (1), Canada (6: Alberta, British Columbia), Chile (2), France (16), Germany (4), Hungary (1), Iran (1), Israel (1), Italy (1), Jordan (2), Mexico (10), the Netherlands (2), New Zealand (3), Peru (3), Poland (4), Portugal (4), Spain (1), Sweden (1), Switzerland (16), Tanzania (2), Turkey (1), Turkmenistan (1), USSR (3), the United Kingdom (2), United States (129: Alabama, Delaware, Georgia, Maryland, Minnesota, Mississippi, New Jersey, New Mexico, North Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Wyoming)

• Jurassic of Chile (1), Ethiopia (1), France (3), Greenland (18), Hungary (1), Italy (1), Japan (1), Jordan (2), Lebanon (1), Portugal (1), Saudi Arabia (2), Somalia (1), the United Kingdom (1)

• Triassic of China (3), Indonesia (4), Italy (9), the Russian Federation (3), the United Kingdom (1)

• Carboniferous of Ukraine (1)

• Ordovician of Estonia (1)

Total: 639 collections including 802 occurrences

Show more details


Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


Click image to enlarge. Click to access iDigBio record.