Protocardia Beyrich 1845 (cockle)

Bivalvia - Cardiida - Cardiidae

Alternative spellings: Cardium (Protocardia), Cardium (Protocardium), Protocardium

Parent taxon: Protocardiinae according to J. A. Schneider 1995

See also Bouchet et al. 2010, Darragh 1970, Ronchetti 1970, Ros-Franch et al. 2014, Scholz et al. 2008, Sepkoski 2002, Vokes 1980 and Woodring 1982

Sister taxa: Anechinocardium, Frigidocardium, Lyrocardium, Microcardium

Subtaxa: Protocardia (Grypocardia) Protocardia (Leptocardia) Protocardia (Pachycardium) Protocardia (Protocardia) Protocardia (Tamilicardia) Protocardia alcesiana Protocardia buckmani Protocardia costaricensis Protocardia dufrenoyca Protocardia eduliformis Protocardia gambrina Protocardia hillana Protocardia lingulata Protocardia luggudensis Protocardia newberryana Protocardia peregrinorsa Protocardia pesolina Protocardia philippiana Protocardia piettei Protocardia qinghaiensis Protocardia razavii Protocardia rhaetica Protocardia salrivalis Protocardia somaliensis Protocardia striatula Protocardia stricklandi Protocardia subquadrata Protocardia truncata Protocardia virginiana Protocardium (Brevicardium)

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Type: Protocardia hillana

Ecology: facultatively mobile infaunal suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Haiti (1 collection)

• Pliocene of Costa Rica (1), the Philippines (1), United States (3: California, Florida)

• Miocene of Cyprus (1), United States (1: Florida)

• Eocene of Peru (1), United States (1: Maryland)

• Paleocene of Denmark (4), United States (4: Alabama, Alaska, Arkansas)

• Cretaceous of Albania (1), Angola (1), Argentina (1), Austria (1), Brazil (5), Canada (14: Alberta, British Columbia, Saskatchewan), the Congo-Brazzaville (2), Denmark (2), Egypt (33), Gabon (1), Germany (3), India (1), Israel (2), Italy (2), Japan (14), Jordan (4), Lebanon (1), Libya (1), Madagascar (4), Mexico (11), Mozambique (3), New Zealand (9), Peru (2), the Russian Federation (9), Saudi Arabia (1), South Africa (4), USSR (1), Ukraine (1), the United Kingdom (5), United States (133: Alabama, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Georgia, Kansas, Maryland, Mississippi, Missouri, New Jersey, New Mexico, North Carolina, North Dakota, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Wyoming)

• Jurassic to Cretaceous of Antarctica (1), Japan (1)

• Jurassic of Afghanistan (1), Argentina (1), Canada (22: British Columbia, Northwest Territories, Yukon), Chile (40), China (16), Denmark (3), Eritrea (1), Ethiopia (1), France (41), Germany (1), Greenland (41), Hungary (1), India (66), Iran (6), Japan (10), Jordan (7), Kenya (15), Luxembourg (2), Madagascar (4), Mexico (7), Morocco (1), Norway (1), Portugal (98), the Russian Federation (8), Saudi Arabia (29), Serbia and Montenegro (2), Somalia (8), Spain (55), Tanzania (21), Thailand (1), Tunisia (59), the United Kingdom (48), United States (11: Alaska, Idaho, Montana, Wyoming)

• Triassic to Jurassic of the United Kingdom (1)

• Triassic of Austria (35), China (2), Germany (1), Iran (9), Italy (2), Laos (1), Myanmar (1), the Netherlands (1), Oman (1), Spain (1), the United Arab Emirates (1), the United Kingdom (10), United States (2: Alaska)

Total: 988 collections including 1139 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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