Cidaris Leske 1778 (pencil urchin)

Echinoidea - Cidaroida - Cidaridae

Synonym: Calocidaris Clark 1907

Parent taxon: Cidaridae according to C. W. Cooke 1959

See also Clark and Twitchell 1915, Cooke 1941, Fell 1966, Grant and Hertlein 1938, Jackson 1937 and Sepkoski 2002

Sister taxa: Centrocidaris, Cidarinae, Cidarini, Dorocidaris, Hesperocidaris, Prionocidaris, Rhabdocidarinae, Stereocidarinae, Stylocidarinae, Triassicidaris

Subtaxa: Cidaris (Cidaris) Cidaris admeto Cidaris alabamensis Cidaris alata Cidaris alpis Cidaris baculifera Cidaris blandis Cidaris bowerbankii Cidaris branneri Cidaris californicus Cidaris catenifera Cidaris cojimarensis Cidaris cornaliae Cidaris cubensis Cidaris curioni Cidaris dilleri Cidaris dixiensis Cidaris fasciculata Cidaris flexuosa Cidaris fumagalli Cidaris georgiana Cidaris guembeli Cidaris klipsteini Cidaris liagora Cidaris lorenzanus Cidaris loveni Cidaris martinezensis Cidaris modestus Cidaris moereus Cidaris mortoni Cidaris omboni Cidaris ordinatus Cidaris parastadifera Cidaris perdubius Cidaris perornata Cidaris plumasensis Cidaris pratti Cidaris schlonbachi Cidaris serrifera Cidaris shastensis Cidaris smithi Cidaris splendens Cidaris subnobilis Cidaris subnodosa Cidaris taylorensis Cidaris tehamensis Cidaris texanus Cidaris tribuloides Cidaris tubuloides Cidaris wahalakensis

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Ecology: slow-moving low-level epifaunal grazer-omnivore

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Barbados (1 collection), France (1), Vanuatu (1)

• Pliocene of Ecuador (1), Haiti (1), United States (1: California)

• Miocene of Algeria (1), Austria (1), Belgium (1), Cuba (3), Cyprus (2), Indonesia (1), Mexico (1), Spain (1)

• Oligocene of India (1), New Zealand (1), Somalia (1), United States (3: California, Georgia, Puerto Rico)

• Eocene of Bosnia and Herzegovina (1), Cuba (1), France (2), Libya (1), Poland (3), United States (31: Alabama, California, Florida, North Carolina, South Carolina)

• Paleocene of Denmark (1), Egypt (1), France (1), the Netherlands (1), United States (14: Alabama, California, New Jersey)

• Cretaceous of Albania (3), Algeria (1), Brazil (1), the Czech Republic (1), Egypt (2), France (6), Germany (1), Hungary (4), Japan (1), Portugal (7), South Africa (1), Spain (2), Sweden (1), Switzerland (14), Tunisia (1), Ukraine (1), the United Kingdom (6), United States (7: Alabama, California, Mississippi, Texas), Venezuela (2)

• Jurassic of Egypt (1), Eritrea (1), France (20), Germany (2), Morocco (1), New Zealand (1), Saudi Arabia (1), Serbia and Montenegro (1), Spain (1), Tanzania (1), the United Kingdom (6), United States (2: California), Yemen (1)

• Triassic to Jurassic of the United Kingdom (1)

• Triassic of China (15), Germany (5), Hungary (6), Italy (28), Poland (1), Slovakia (1), Slovenia (1), Spain (1), United States (4: Alaska, California)

Total: 244 collections including 346 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


Click image to enlarge. Click to access iDigBio record.