Superfamily Tapiroidea Gill 1872 (odd-toed ungulate)

Mammalia - Perissodactyla

Parent taxon: Ceratomorpha according to M. W. Colbert 2005

See also Ameghino 1885, Carroll 1988, Colbert 2006, Eberle 2005, Holanda et al. 2011, Holbrook 1999, Holbrook et al. 2004, Hooker and Dashzeveg 2004, Prothero and Schoch 1989, Ranga Rao 1972, Sahni and Khare 1971, Sahni and Khare 1973 and Schoch 1984

Sister taxa: Breviodon, Deperetellidea, Desmatotherium, Fouchia, Karagalax, Lophialetidea, Parabreviodon, Rhinocerotoidea, Selenaletes, Tapiridea

Subtaxa: Deperetellidae Euryletes Haagella Helaletes Helaletidae Heptodon Heptodontidae Hesperaletes Tapiridae Thuliadanta

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Ecology: ground dwelling browser

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Argentina (2 collections), Bolivia (2), Brazil (10), China (11), Colombia (1), Costa Rica (1), France (1), Guatemala (1), Indonesia (4), Mexico (1), Panama (1), Peru (3), the United Kingdom (1), United States (110: Alabama, Arizona, California, Florida, Georgia, Kansas, Maryland, New Jersey, New Mexico, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia), Uruguay (2), Venezuela (2), Vietnam (2)

• Blancan of Mexico (2), United States (24: California, Colorado, Florida, Nebraska, New Mexico, Texas)

• Pliocene of Argentina (1), France (2), Greece (2), Hungary (1), Italy (8), Moldova (1), Romania (5), the Russian Federation (2), Slovakia (4), Spain (1), United States (3: California, Florida, North Carolina)

• Hemphillian of United States (15: Alabama, California, Florida, Nebraska, Tennessee)

• Baodean of China (1)

• Miocene to Pliocene of United States (1: Florida)

• Neogene of Slovakia (1)

• Miocene of Austria (2), China (2), France (6), Germany (2), Greece (1), Hungary (1), Italy (1), Poland (1), Slovakia (1), Spain (1), Switzerland (7), Turkey (1), United States (44: California, Florida, Kansas, Maryland, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Jersey, Oregon, South Dakota, Texas, Virginia, Wyoming), Vietnam (1)

• Harrisonian of United States (6: Florida, Nebraska, Wyoming)

• Arikareean of United States (3: Oregon, South Dakota)

• Oligocene to Miocene of Kazakhstan (2), Switzerland (1)

• Oligocene of Belgium (1), Canada (1: Saskatchewan), China (1), France (3), Georgia (1), Germany (4), Kazakhstan (1), Switzerland (6), United States (23: Nebraska, Oregon, South Dakota)

• Eocene to Oligocene of China (1), Kazakhstan (1), North Korea (1)

• Eocene of Canada (10: British Columbia, Northwest Territories, Nunavut, Saskatchewan), China (26), India (1), Japan (4), Kazakhstan (4), Kyrgyzstan (5), Mexico (2), Mongolia (9), Myanmar (6), North Korea (1), Pakistan (4), United States (199: California, Colorado, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Wyoming)

Total: 627 collections including 677 occurrences

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