Tapirus Brisson 1762 (tapir)

Mammalia - Perissodactyla - Tapiridae

Synonyms: Acrocodia Goldman 1913, Cinchacus Gray 1873, Pinchacus Hershkovitz 1954, Rhinochoerus Wagler 1830, Syspotamus Billberg 1827, Tapir Blumenbach 1799, Tapyra Liais 1872

Full reference: M. J. Brisson. 1762. Regnum Animale in classes IX distributum, sive synopsis methodica, Ed. 2

Parent taxon: Tapiridae according to M. W. Colbert 2005

See also Alroy 2002, Carroll 1988, Colbert and Schoch 1998, Cope 1881, Eshelman et al. 2018, Gray 1825, Holanda et al. 2011, Holbrook 1999, Hulbert 2010, Hulbert and Whitmore 2006, Kurten and Anderson 1980, Leidy 1860, Olson 1940, Owen 1848, Prothero and Schoch 1989 and Salles et al. 2006

Sister taxa: Colodon, Dilophodon, Eotapirus, Heteraletes, Miotapirus, Nexuotapirus, Palaeotapirus, Paratapirus, Plesiocolopirus, Plesiotapirus, Protapirus, Tapiravus, Tapirella, Tapirinae, Tapiriscus, Teleolophus

Subtaxa: Tapirus (Helicotapirus) Tapirus (Megatapirus) Tapirus (Tapiralum) Tapirus antiquus Tapirus arvernensis Tapirus bairdii Tapirus balkanicus Tapirus indicus Tapirus johnsoni Tapirus merriami Tapirus mesopotamicus Tapirus olivaresi Tapirus pinchaque Tapirus polkensis Tapirus priscus Tapirus rondoniensis Tapirus sanyuanensis Tapirus simpsoni Tapirus sinensis Tapirus terrestris Tapirus webbi

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Type: Elasmognathus bairdii

Ecology: amphibious browser

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Argentina (1 collection), Bolivia (2), Brazil (8), China (11), Colombia (1), Costa Rica (1), France (1), Guatemala (1), Indonesia (4), Mexico (1), Panama (1), Peru (3), the United Kingdom (1), United States (110: Alabama, Arizona, California, Florida, Georgia, Kansas, Maryland, New Jersey, New Mexico, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, West Virginia), Uruguay (2), Venezuela (2), Vietnam (2)

• Blancan of Mexico (1), United States (23: California, Colorado, Florida, Nebraska, New Mexico, Texas)

• Pliocene of Argentina (1), France (2), Greece (2), Hungary (1), Italy (7), Moldova (1), Romania (5), the Russian Federation (2), Slovakia (4), Spain (1), United States (3: California, Florida, North Carolina)

• Hemphillian of United States (14: California, Florida, Nebraska, Tennessee)

• Baodean of China (1)

• Miocene to Pliocene of United States (1: Florida)

• Miocene of Austria (1), China (1), France (2), Germany (1), Greece (1), Hungary (1), Italy (1), Poland (1), Slovakia (1), Turkey (1), United States (16: Florida, Kansas, Nebraska, South Dakota), Vietnam (1)

• Oligocene of Belgium (1)

Total: 250 collections including 262 occurrences

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.


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