Family Carditidae Fleming 1820 (clam)

Bivalvia - Carditida - Carditidae

Parent taxon: Crassatelloidea according to J. G. Carter et al. 2011

See also Beu et al. 1990, Bieler and Mikkelsen 2006, Bouchet et al. 2010, Coan et al. 2000, Dockery 1982, El Qot 2006, Glenn 1904, Gliozzi and Malatesta 1983, Nevesskaja 2009, Newell 1965, Olsson 1931, Rivera 1957, Ros-Franch et al. 2014, Squires 1984, Squires 1987, Squires 1988, Vokes 1980, Ward 1992, Ward and Blackwelder 1987 and Woodring 1925

Sister taxa: Aenigmoconchidae, Astartidae, Cardiniidae, Condylocardiidae, Crassatellidae, Hippopodiidae, Myophoricardiidae, Terraia

Subtaxa: Ainicardita Cardiocardita Cardita Carditamera Carditamerinae Carditesinae Carditinae Crassicardia Glans Gujocardita Ludbrookia Lunulicardita Maghrebella Miodomeridinae Miodontiscus Pleuromeris Schizocardita Thecaliinae Venericardiinae Venericardinae Vetericardiella Xenocardita

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Ecology: facultatively mobile infaunal suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Angola (1 collection), Antarctica (4), Argentina (1), Australia (8), Belgium (1), Brazil (4), Canada (5: Newfoundland and Labrador), Cape Verde (1), Chile (1), Djibouti (3), Ecuador (3), Egypt (4), Eritrea (1), Iceland (3), India (3), Ireland (1), Italy (5), Japan (11), Kenya (5), Mexico (14), Morocco (6), Mozambique (1), New Zealand (1), Panama (1), Peru (1), Portugal (3), Saudi Arabia (2), the Seychelles (1), South Africa (4), Spain (11), Sudan (1), Taiwan (17), Tonga (1), the United Kingdom (2), United States (142: Alaska, California, Florida, Georgia, Massachusetts, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Oregon, South Carolina, Virginia), Venezuela (1), Yemen (2)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Malaysia (7), Taiwan (1), United States (2: Florida)

• Pliocene of Antarctica (2), Argentina (1), Australia (3), Belgium (7), Chile (9), Colombia (5), Costa Rica (10), Cyprus (1), the Dominican Republic (5), Ecuador (2), Greece (1), India (1), Indonesia (5), Italy (4), Jamaica (5), Japan (9), Mexico (1), the Netherlands (1), Pakistan (2), Panama (6), the Russian Federation (5), South Africa (5), Spain (1), Trinidad and Tobago (10), the United Kingdom (10), United States (93: Alaska, California, Florida, North Carolina, South Carolina, Virginia), Venezuela (12)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Australia (1), the Dominican Republic (5), Indonesia (1), United States (2: Alaska)

• Miocene of Algeria (10), Argentina (24), Australia (14), Austria (11), Belgium (2), Brazil (9), Bulgaria (6), Chile (3), Colombia (43), Cyprus (6), Denmark (1), the Dominican Republic (7), Ecuador (1), France (3), Germany (40), Greece (2), Grenada (3), Hungary (1), India (7), Indonesia (12), Iran (1), Italy (11), Japan (17), Madagascar (1), Malta (2), Mexico (1), Moldova (3), Morocco (4), the Netherlands (2), New Zealand (20), Pakistan (2), Panama (38), Peru (1), the Philippines (2), Poland (6), Romania (3), the Russian Federation (28), Slovakia (6), Somalia (3), Spain (3), Sri Lanka (2), Trinidad and Tobago (2), Turkey (1), United States (101: Alaska, California, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Maryland, New Jersey, North Carolina, Oregon, South Carolina, Washington), Vanuatu (1), Venezuela (16)

• Oligocene to Miocene of Argentina (1), United States (15: Florida), Venezuela (1)

• Oligocene of Argentina (6), Australia (1), Austria (2), Denmark (5), France (20), Germany (1), Haiti (2), Hungary (3), Iran (1), Israel (1), Japan (47), Libya (1), Mexico (3), the Netherlands (1), New Zealand (15), Pakistan (3), Peru (3), Puerto Rico (3), the Russian Federation (15), Somalia (1), Trinidad and Tobago (1), United States (50: Alabama, Alaska, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oregon, Washington), Venezuela (2)

• Eocene to Oligocene of Haiti (1), Peru (1), United States (3: Oregon, Washington)

• Eocene to Miocene of Argentina (2)

• Eocene of Angola (2), Antarctica (3), Argentina (8), Australia (11), Belgium (3), Bosnia and Herzegovina (3), Bulgaria (4), China (2), Colombia (20), Egypt (5), France (11), Germany (1), Haiti (3), India (5), Indonesia (3), Italy (4), Jamaica (1), Japan (56), Libya (2), Mexico (18), the Netherlands (2), the Netherlands Antilles (4), New Zealand (29), Nigeria (14), Pakistan (11), Panama (7), Peru (19), Poland (1), Romania (3), the Russian Federation (8), Saudi Arabia (1), Senegal (1), Somalia (1), Spain (59), Trinidad and Tobago (1), Turkey (1), the United Kingdom (34), United States (545: Alabama, Alaska, Arkansas, California, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, New Jersey, North Carolina, Oregon, South Carolina, Texas, Virginia, Washington), Venezuela (1)

• Paleocene to Eocene of India (1), the Russian Federation (1), United States (1: Louisiana)

• Paleocene of Argentina (66), Australia (1), Austria (1), Belgium (6), China (5), Colombia (2), Denmark (6), Egypt (8), Germany (3), India (1), Libya (1), Mali (1), Mexico (4), New Zealand (6), Nigeria (1), Pakistan (4), Poland (1), the Russian Federation (2), Trinidad and Tobago (1), United States (294: Alabama, California, Georgia, Illinois, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, New Jersey, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia)

• Paleogene of United States (1: California)

• Cretaceous to Paleogene of Mali (2)

• Cretaceous of Afghanistan (1), Algeria (1), Angola (1), Argentina (18), Belgium (1), Brazil (4), Cameroon (2), Colombia (1), Denmark (2), Ecuador (1), Egypt (36), France (8), Iran (1), Italy (2), Japan (10), Jordan (1), Lebanon (1), Libya (2), Madagascar (4), Morocco (1), Mozambique (4), New Zealand (1), Niger (3), Nigeria (2), Oman (1), Pakistan (1), Poland (5), the Russian Federation (2), Saudi Arabia (1), Senegal (1), Spain (1), Switzerland (6), Taiwan (1), Trinidad and Tobago (1), Tunisia (1), the United Arab Emirates (2), the United Kingdom (9), United States (147: Alabama, California, Delaware, Georgia, Kansas, Maryland, Mississippi, New Jersey, New Mexico, North Carolina, North Dakota, Oregon, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas), Venezuela (2)

• Jurassic of Canada (1: British Columbia), China (2), Denmark (1), France (1), Germany (1), Greenland (25), Italy (4), Japan (1), Portugal (6), the United Kingdom (11)

• Triassic of Argentina (1), Austria (1), Bosnia and Herzegovina (2), Canada (3: British Columbia), France (1), Germany (1), Hungary (8), Indonesia (13), Iran (1), Italy (7), the Netherlands (2), Peru (2), the Russian Federation (3), Turkey (1), the United Kingdom (2), United States (10: Alaska, California, Nevada, Oregon)

• Permian to Triassic of China (1)

• Permian of China (26), Greece (1), Japan (1), United States (1: Utah)

Total: 2961 collections including 4160 occurrences

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