Family Limidae Rafinesque 1815 (file clam)

Bivalvia - Pectinida - Limidae

Synonym: Radulidae Adams and Adams 1858

Parent taxon: Limoidea according to J. G. Carter et al. 2011

See also Beu et al. 1990, Bieler and Mikkelsen 2006, Bouchet et al. 2010, Coan et al. 2000, Dockery 1982, El Qot 2006, Glenn 1904, Marquet 2002, Maxwell 1992, Nevesskaja 2009, Newell 1965, Ronchetti 1970, Ros-Franch et al. 2014, Scholz et al. 2008, Spencer et al. 2004, Stanton 1895, Stilwell 1998, Stilwell et al. 2004, Todd 2001 and Vokes 1980

Sister taxon: Isolimeidae

Subtaxa: Acesta Anomolima Antarctolima Antiquilima Aviculolima Badiotella Callolima Costellacesta Ctenoides Ctenostreon Ctenostreoninae Dimorphoconcha Divarilima Echinorbis Elimata Escalima Gemellima Latemaria Lima Limaria Limatula Limatuletta Limatulinae Limea Liminae Mantellina Meotolima Mysidioptera Mysidiopterinae Notolimea Palaeolima Plagiostoma Plagiostominae Platilimaria Plicacesta Pseudoctenostreon Pseudolimea Pseudolucina Roncania Serania Seymourtula

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Ecology: stationary low-level epifaunal suspension feeder

Distribution:

• Quaternary of Antarctica (5 collections), Argentina (1), Australia (2), the Bahamas (3), Bermuda (3), Cuba (3), Djibouti (1), Ecuador (2), France (1), Greece (4), Haiti (1), Italy (3), Jamaica (1), Japan (5), Kenya (4), Mexico (2), Morocco (4), New Zealand (1), Panama (1), Portugal (1), South Africa (5), Spain (3), Sudan (1), Taiwan (1), Thailand (1), Tonga (3), United States (13: Alaska, California, Florida, North Carolina, South Carolina), Uruguay (1), Yemen (4)

• Pliocene to Pleistocene of Malaysia (2)

• Pliocene of Australia (1), Belgium (5), Chile (4), Costa Rica (2), the Dominican Republic (6), Ecuador (2), Fiji (2), Greece (1), Indonesia (2), Italy (1), Jamaica (4), Japan (2), New Zealand (1), Panama (3), the United Kingdom (5), United States (7: California, Florida, South Carolina), Venezuela (4)

• Miocene to Pliocene of Australia (1)

• Miocene of Algeria (12), Argentina (2), Australia (4), Austria (4), Belgium (3), Brazil (3), Bulgaria (3), Cyprus (4), the Dominican Republic (2), France (3), Germany (12), Grenada (1), Hungary (1), India (1), Italy (3), Japan (6), Libya (1), Malta (1), Moldova (5), Morocco (3), the Netherlands (2), New Zealand (18), Panama (5), Poland (6), Portugal (2), the Russian Federation (5), Slovakia (3), South Africa (1), Spain (2), United States (16: California, Florida), Vanuatu (1)

• Oligocene to Miocene of Argentina (1), the Russian Federation (2)

• Oligocene of Australia (1), Bulgaria (1), Colombia (1), Denmark (2), France (5), New Zealand (10), Romania (1), the Russian Federation (3), United States (10: Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, Washington), Venezuela (1)

• Eocene of Antarctica (1), Argentina (2), Australia (3), Bulgaria (4), Croatia (1), Egypt (2), France (2), Italy (3), Japan (8), Mexico (2), New Zealand (17), Peru (1), Romania (1), the Russian Federation (3), the United Kingdom (2), United States (26: Alabama, California, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, Oregon, South Carolina, Texas, Washington)

• Paleocene to Eocene of the Russian Federation (1)

• Paleocene of Antarctica (4), Argentina (9), Australia (3), Austria (1), Belgium (6), China (1), Denmark (6), France (1), Japan (1), Poland (1), the Russian Federation (1), United States (9: California, Texas)

• Cretaceous of Afghanistan (4), Antarctica (6), Argentina (59), Australia (1), Austria (2), Azerbaijan (1), Belgium (2), Brazil (20), Bulgaria (1), Cameroon (1), Chile (1), China (2), the Congo-Brazzaville (3), Cuba (1), the Czech Republic (2), Denmark (3), Ecuador (1), Egypt (20), France (26), Gabon (1), Germany (14), Greenland (3), Hungary (2), India (1), Italy (6), Jamaica (2), Japan (12), Kazakhstan (3), Libya (1), Madagascar (1), Mexico (10), Mozambique (2), the Netherlands (2), New Zealand (62), Nigeria (1), Oman (1), Peru (12), Poland (14), Portugal (4), the Russian Federation (22), Saudi Arabia (1), Serbia and Montenegro (1), Spain (2), Svalbard and Jan Mayen (1), Sweden (1), Switzerland (22), Tanzania (2), Trinidad and Tobago (1), Tunisia (1), USSR (18), Ukraine (2), the United Arab Emirates (2), the United Kingdom (23), United States (314: Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Delaware, Georgia, Maryland, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, New Jersey, New Mexico, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah)

• Jurassic of Afghanistan (3), Argentina (6), Belgium (1), Canada (83: Alberta, British Columbia, Northwest Territories, Yukon), Chile (185), China (6), Egypt (3), Eritrea (2), Ethiopia (21), France (143), Georgia (1), Germany (49), Greenland (84), Hungary (7), India (107), Iran (11), Italy (8), Japan (13), Jordan (7), Kenya (21), Lebanon (1), Luxembourg (5), Madagascar (13), Mexico (5), Morocco (7), New Zealand (19), Peru (1), Poland (12), Portugal (19), Romania (8), the Russian Federation (10), Saudi Arabia (34), Serbia and Montenegro (5), Slovakia (2), Somalia (16), Spain (88), Switzerland (7), Tanzania (22), Thailand (2), Tunisia (18), Turkey (5), USSR (2), the United Kingdom (141), United States (69: Alaska, California, Idaho, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Wyoming), Vietnam (1), Yemen (13)

• Triassic to Jurassic of the United Kingdom (1), United States (1: Alaska)

• Triassic of Argentina (6), Australia (1), Austria (65), Bosnia and Herzegovina (11), Bulgaria (1), Canada (4: British Columbia), Chile (4), China (37), Colombia (1), France (1), Germany (16), Hungary (38), India (2), Indonesia (10), Iran (22), Italy (40), Japan (10), Jordan (1), Mexico (2), New Caledonia (6), New Zealand (20), Pakistan (3), Papua New Guinea (1), Poland (7), Romania (1), the Russian Federation (25), Serbia and Montenegro (4), Singapore (1), Slovakia (5), Slovenia (1), Spain (4), Switzerland (1), Turkey (3), Ukraine (1), the United Arab Emirates (7), the United Kingdom (5), United States (15: Alaska, California, Nevada, Oregon), Vietnam (2)

• Permian to Triassic of India (2)

• Permian of Australia (36), China (65), Germany (1), Greece (1), Greenland (2), India (6), Indonesia (1), Italy (2), Lithuania (3), Madagascar (1), Malaysia (2), Mexico (1), New Zealand (2), Pakistan (4), the Russian Federation (8), Svalbard and Jan Mayen (2), the United Kingdom (8), United States (8: Alaska, Arizona, Texas)

• Virgilian of United States (5: Illinois, New Mexico, Ohio)

• Desmoinesian of United States (4: Kansas, Missouri)

• Westphalian of Spain (1)

• Carboniferous of Argentina (5), China (2), the Russian Federation (2), the United Kingdom (9), United States (11: Arizona, Kentucky, New mexico, Ohio, Oklahoma, Utah, West Virginia)

• Devonian of China (1), Germany (2)

Total: 3022 collections including 4617 occurrences

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