Metaxytherium subapenninum Bruno 1839

Mammalia - Sirenia - Dugongidae

Alternative combinations: Cheirotherium subapenninum, Felsinotherium subapenninum, Felsinotherium subappeninum, Halitherium subapenninum, Metaxytherium subappennium

Synonyms: Cheirotherium brochii de Blainville 1844, Felsinotherium foresti Capellini 1872, Felsinotherium forestii Capellini 1872, Felsinotherium gastaldi de Zigno 1878, Felsinotherium gervaisi Capellini 1872, Felsinotherium gervaisii Capellini 1872, Felsinotherium subalpinum Isel 1910, Halianassa brochii de Blainville 1844, Halitherium brochii de Blainville 1844, Halitherium forestii Capellini 1872, Manatus brochii de Blainville 1844, Metaxytherium brochii de Blainville 1844, Metaxytherium forestii Capellini 1872, Metaxytherium gastaldi de Zigno 1878, Metaxytherium gervaisi Capellini 1872

Full reference: G. A. Bruno. 1839. Illustrazione di un Nuovo Cetaceo fossile. Mem. Reale Accad. Sci. Torino Cl. Sci. Mat. ser. 2 1:143-160

Belongs to Metaxytherium according to M. Voss 2014

See also Abel 1904, Bronn 1853, Bruno 1839, Capellini 1872, de Zigno 1878, Domning 1994, Domning 1996, Fondi and Pacini 1974, Lydekker 1887, PIlleri 1988, Sorbi et al. 2012, Trouessart 1898, Trouessart 1904, Woodward 1885 and Zittel 1925

Sister taxa: Felsinotherium gunteri, Metaxytherium albifontanum, Metaxytherium aquitaniae, Metaxytherium arctodites, Metaxytherium beaumontii, Metaxytherium crataegense, Metaxytherium floridanum, Metaxytherium krahuletzi, Metaxytherium lovisati, Metaxytherium medium, Metaxytherium meyeri, Metaxytherium riveroi, Metaxytherium serresii

Type specimens:

  • Metaxytherium subapenninum: PU 13889–13890, a skull (skull & partial skeleton)
  • Cheirotherium brochii:
  • Felsinotherium forestii: Its type locality is San Lorenzo in Collina, which is in a Zanclean/Piacenzian marine claystone in Italy.
  • Felsinotherium gastaldi: Its type locality is Bra, which is in a Piacenzian coastal horizon in the Sabbie di Asti Formation of Italy.
  • Felsinotherium gervaisi: Its type locality is Monte Pugna, Val di Pugna, near Siena, Tuscany, which is in the Ruscinian of horizon Italy.
  • Felsinotherium subalpinum:


• Pliocene of Italy (10 collections), Spain (2)

Total: 12 collections each including a single occurrence

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Specimen images are retrieved through the ePANDDA API.

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