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Symmoriiformes

Chondrichthyes - Symmoriiformes

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1981Symmoriida Zangerl p. 68
1985Symmoriida Williams p. 88
1988Symmoriida Goto et al. p. 292
1998Symmoriida Williams p. 251
2001Symmoriida Coates and Sequeira
2002Symmoriida Sepkoski, Jr.
2008Symmoriiformes Maisey p. 186
2010Symmoriiformes Ginter et al. p. 59
2013Symmoriiformes Ivanov et al.

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
RankNameAuthor
superclassGnathostomata
classChondrichthyes
subclassElasmobranchiiBonaparte 1838
superorderCladodontomorphi
orderSymmoriiformes()
orderSymmoriiformes()

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: marinesubp
Locomotion: actively mobileo
Life habit: nektonico
Diet: carnivoreo
Created: 2009-07-21 07:21:01
Modified: 2009-07-21 09:21:01
Source: o = order, subp = subphylum
References: Wagner 2017, Carroll 1988, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range: base of the Frasnian to the top of the Early/Lower Miocene or 382.70000 to 15.97000 Ma

Collections (85 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Frasnian382.7 - 372.2Russian Federation Stethacanthidae indet. (133345) Symmoriidae indet. (133350)
Late/Upper Devonian382.7 - 358.9USA (Ohio) Stethacanthus altonensis (133420 133421 133422 133423)
Famennian372.2 - 358.9Russian Federation Stethacanthidae indet. (133360) Stethacanthus sp., Symmorium sp. (133361)
Middle Famennian370.6 - 364.7Russian Federation (Komi) Stethacanthidae indet. (133359)
Early/Lower Mississippian360.7 - 345.3USA (Iowa) Stethacanthus erectus, Physonemus depressus (133259)
Early/Lower Mississippian360.7 - 345.3USA (Ohio) Stethacanthus altonensis (133417)
Tournaisian358.9 - 346.7Russian Federation Stethacanthidae indet. (133364)
Mississippian358.9 - 323.2United Kingdom Petrodus patelliformis (132729) Physonemus attenuatus (137333)
Carboniferous358.9 - 298.9United Kingdom (Scotland) Akmonistion zangerli (134654)
Osagean353.8 - 342.8USA (Michigan) Physonemus depressus (133260)
Osagean353.8 - 342.8USA (Ohio) Stethacanthus altonensis (133418)
Visean346.7 - 330.9USA (Illinois) Stethacanthus altonensis (133416)
Arundian - Holkerian345.0 - 339.4Belgium Denaea fournieri (90649)
Serpukhovian330.9 - 323.2China (Gansu) Denaea sp., Stethacanthus altonensis, Stethacanthus gansuensis (120299)
Arnsbergian326.4 - 318.1USA (Montana) Falcatus falcatus (116655 116657 116659) Falcatus falcatus, Damocles serratus (116654) Stethacanthus altonensis, Falcatus falcatus, Damocles serratus (90681)
Pendleian326.4 - 318.1United Kingdom (Scotland) Cladodus neilsoni (140305)
Pendleian326.4 - 318.1USA (Arkansas) Ozarcus mapesae (155545)
Bashkirian323.2 - 315.2Russian Federation Stethacanthidae indet. (133373) Stethacanthus sp., Stethacanthidae indet. (133287) Symmoriidae indet. (133372)
Pennsylvanian323.2 - 298.9USA (Iowa) Petrodus patelliformis (74898)
Moscovian315.2 - 307.0USA (New Mexico) Stethacanthus sp. (149386)
Moscovian315.2 - 307.0USA (indiana) Stethacanthus altonensis, Denaea meccaensis (132245)
Moscovian315.2 - 307.0USA (Colorado) Petrodus patelliformis (105146)
Moscovian315.2 - 307.0USA (Indiana) Danaea meccaensis (132119) Denaea meccaensis (132182 132197 132226 132227 133375 133411 133415) Denaea meccaensis, Stethacanthus longipeniculus, Bethacanthus insolitus (132157) Stethacanthus altonensis, Denaea meccaensis (131614 132282)
Moscovian315.2 - 307.0USA (Illinois) Symmorium reniforme (132163)
Moscovian315.2 - 307.0USA (South Dakota) Petrodus patelliformis (132341)
Moscovian315.2 - 307.0USA (Arizona) Petrodus patelliformis (90772)
Westphalian D311.45 - 306.95USA (Indiana) Stethacanthulus longipeniculus, Denaea meccaensis (90689)
Kasimovian307.0 - 303.7USA (Kansas) Petrodus patelliformis (132333)
Kasimovian307.0 - 303.7USA (New Mexico) Petrodus patelliformis (130312)
Kasimovian307.0 - 303.7USA (Missouri) Petrodus sp. (132633)
Kasimovian307.0 - 303.7USA (Nebraska) Stethacanthus altonensis (133405)
Gzhelian303.7 - 298.9USA (Kansas) Kawichthys moodiei (119031)
Gzhelian303.7 - 298.9USA (Nebraska) Stethacanthus sp., Symmoriiformes indet., Denaea saltsmani, Stethacanthus concavus (149380)
Virgilian - Asselian303.4 - 295.5Argentina Petrodus sp. (119028)
Asselian298.9 - 295.5Russian Federation Denaea decora (133278)
Asselian298.9 - 295.5Russian Federation (Orenburg) Denaea sp., Cobelodus obliquus, Denaea decora (90291)
Sakmarian295.5 - 290.1Russian Federation Denaea decora (133277)
Sakmarian295.5 - 290.1Russian Federation (Chelyabinsk) Denaea decora (90298 90299) Petrodus sp., Cobelodus obliquus, Denaea decora (90288)
Sakmarian295.5 - 290.1Russian Federation (Bashkortostan) Cobelodus obliquus (90294)
Artinskian290.1 - 279.3Russian Federation Kungurodus obliquus (184255 184256)
Artinskian290.1 - 279.3Russian Federation (Bashkortostan) Cobelodus sp., Cobelodus obliquus (90289) Cobelodus sp., Stethacanthus altonensis (90290)
Artinskian290.1 - 279.3Kazakhstan Stethacanthus sp., Cobelodus obliquus (119029)
Kungurian279.3 - 272.3Russian Federation Kungurodus obliquus (184257) Stethacanthus sp., Symmoriiformes indet. (164769)
Roadian272.3 - 268.8USA (Texas) Stethacanthulus decorus (132079)
Roadian272.3 - 268.8Japan Petrodus sp. (90286)
Roadian272.3 - 268.8Russian Federation Stethacanthus altonensis (164810)
Wordian268.8 - 265.1Russian Federation Symmoriiformes indet., Stethacanthus altonensis (164770)
Capitanian265.1 - 259.9USA (Texas) Stethacanthus meccaensis, Symmoriiformes indet. (155403 155404 155405 155406) Symmoriiformes indet. (155407 155408) Symmoriiformes indet., Stethacanthulus meccaensis (184258 184259)
Early/Lower Miocene23.03 - 15.97Panama Danaea sp. (32394 32396)
Miocene - Pliocene23.03 - 2.588Bolivia Danaea sp. (34363)