Basic info Taxonomic history Classification Relationships
Morphology Ecology and taphonomy   Age range and collections


Lingulata - Lingulida - Lingulidae

Lingula was named by Bruguiére (1797). It is extant.

It was assigned to Lingulida by Sepkoski (2002); and to Lingulidae by Raymond (1911), Williams et al. (2000), Emig (2003) and Peng and Shi (2008).

View classification of included taxa

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1797Lingula Bruguiére
1911Lingula Raymond
1990Lingula foliaceusa Liang p. 99 figs. Pl 1, fig 2
1990Lingulipora zhexiensis Liang p. 100 figs. Pl 1, fig 1
2000Lingula Williams et al. p. 32
2002Lingula Sepkoski, Jr.
2003Lingula Emig
2008Lingula Peng and Shi p. 149

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phylumBrachiopodaDumeril 1806
subphylumLinguliformeaWilliams et al. 1996
classLingulataGorjansky and Popov 1985
orderLingulidaWaagen 1885
superfamilyLinguloideaMenke 1828
familyLingulidaeGray 1840
genusLingulaBruguiére 1797

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

No diagnoses are available
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphatico
Entire body: yesg
Adult length: 10 to < 100g
Adult width: 10 to < 100g
Locomotion: facultatively mobilef
Attached: yeso
Life habit: infaunalf
Diet: suspension feederf
Vision: blindc
Created: 2009-06-02 13:49:06
Modified: 2009-06-02 15:49:06
Source: g = genus, f = family, o = order, c = class
References: Aberhan et al. 2004, Hendy 2009, Bambach et al. 2007

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Taijangian to the top of the Pleistocene or 513.00000 to 0.01170 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 505.0 Ma

Collections (1021 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Taijangian513.0 - 505.0China (Anhui) L. sp. (125520)
Cressagian485.4 - 478.6United Kingdom (England) L. sp. (3663)
Tremadoc485.4 - 477.7China (YunNan) L. sp. (7736)
Tremadoc485.4 - 477.7China (Hubei) L. sp. (7729)
Tremadoc485.4 - 477.7China (ShanXi) L. sp. (8003)
Tremadoc485.4 - 477.7China (Sichuan) L. sp. (5420 7281)
Tulean - Blackhillsian485.4 - 471.8USA (Nevada) L. sp. (77186)
Ordovician485.4 - 443.4USA (New York) L. sp. (332)
Arenig478.6 - 466.0China (HeBei) L. sp. (7984)
Arenig478.6 - 466.0China (Sichuan) L. sp. (7273 7278)
Arenig478.6 - 466.0Argentina L. sp. (8869)
Arenig478.6 - 466.0China (Yunnan) L. sp. (7291 7292)
Arenig478.6 - 466.0China (Hunan) L. sp. (7700)
Arenig478.6 - 466.0China (YunNan) L. sp. (7742)
Arenig478.6 - 466.0China (GanSu) L. sp. (8568)
Dapingian470.0 - 467.3USA (Utah) L. sp. (104193 104218)
Middle Ordovician470.0 - 458.4USA (New York) L. sp. (335 337 338)
Early/Lower Llanvirn466.0 - 463.5Argentina L. sp. (9026)
Early/Lower Llandeilo466.0 - 460.9China (AnHui) L. sp. (7839)
Llanvirn466.0 - 460.9USA (New York) L. sp. (303)