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Hybodus

Chondrichthyes - Hybodontiformes - Hybodontidae

Species lacking formal opinion data

View classification of included taxa

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1837Hybodus Agassiz p. 41
1837Leiacanthus Agassiz p. 55
1837Hybodus Agassiz p. 206
1843Meristodon Agassiz p. 286
1843Oxyrhina (Meristodon) Agassiz p. 286
1858Leptacanthus cornaliae Bellotti
1881Cladodus curtus Davis p. 424 figs. Pl. 22:8
1886Leptacanthus cornaliae Bassani p. 30
1887Hybodus dewalquei Forir
1889Hybodus Woodward p. 250
1898Orthybodus Jaekel p. 138
1898Parhybodus Jaekel p. 143
1907Hybodus Jordan p. 98
1916Hybodus Woodward p. 3
1940Hybodus Young p. 235
1963Hybodus Jordan p. 595
1963Leiacanthus Jordan p. 595
1963Meristodon Jordan p. 595
1963Orthybodus Jordan p. 596
1963Parhybodus Jordan p. 596
1966Hybodus Gardiner p. 44
1971Hybodus Thurmond p. 212
1975Hybodus Herman p. 18
1976Hybodus Sahni and Chhabra p. 220
1976Leiacanthus Sahni and Chhabra p. 220
1978Hybodus Case p. 180
1979Hybodus Case p. 79
1981Hybodus Rieppel p. 325
1987Hybodus Maisey p. 4
1988Hybodus Case and Schwimmer p. 291
1993Hybodus Biddle p. 196
1993Hybodus Delsate and Duffin p. 110
1995Hybodus Delsate and Godefroit p. 26
1999Hybodus Goodwin et al. p. 731
2001Hybodus Peng et al. p. 5
2002Hybodus Chhabra and Mishra p. 152
2002Hybodus Sepkoski, Jr.
2002Hybodus Underwood
2002Hybodus Underwood and Rees p. 88
2003Hybodus Delsate p. 4
2004Hybodus Yamagishi p. 568
2008Hybodus Rees and Underwood p. 120
2010Hybodus Ginter et al. p. 89
2010Hybodus Klug et al. p. 244
2013Hybodus Pla et al. p. 772

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
classChondrichthyes
RankNameAuthor
subclassElasmobranchiiBonaparte 1838
infraclassEuselachii()
Hybodontida
orderHybodontiformes(Patterson 1966)
superfamilyHybodontoidea
familyHybodontidae()
genusHybodus

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: marinesubp
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Life habit: nektonicc
Diet: carnivorec
Created: 2004-08-17 13:49:23
Modified: 2009-12-13 03:31:01
Source: c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Wagner 2017, Carroll 1988

Age range: base of the Cisuralian to the top of the Early/Lower Maastrichtian or 298.90000 to 66.00000 Ma

Collections (307 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Virgilian - Asselian303.4 - 295.5Argentina H. sp. (119028)
Cisuralian298.9 - 272.3USA (Texas) H. regularis (132969)
Sakmarian295.5 - 290.1USA (Kansas) H. sp. (130781 130789 130814)
Artinskian - Kungurian290.1 - 272.3USA (Texas) H. copei (85299 85300)
Kungurian279.3 - 272.3USA (Texas) H. copei (132658)
Urzhumian - Early/Lower Severodvinian268.0 - 252.3Russian Federation (Tatarstan) H. sp. (27931)
Dienerian252.17 - 251.3Russian Federation H. sp. (90211 90218)
Dienerian252.17 - 251.3Svalbard and Jan Mayen H. sp. (153411) H. sp., H. microdus, H. sasseniensis (118074)
Smithian251.3 - 247.2Russian Federation H. sp. (90220 90222)
Smithian251.3 - 247.2Canada (British Columbia) H. sp. (153369)

Youngest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state PBDB collection number
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (New Jersey) H. sp. (32181)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (Texas) H. sp. (68001 68002 68003)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (South Carolina) H. sp. (79363)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (Delaware) H. sp. (27570)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (Wyoming) H. montanensis (70253 70268 70451 70453 70454 70488 70489 70490 70500 70501) H. wyomingensis, H. montanensis (70269 70455 70499)
Middle Campanian83.5 - 70.6Canada (Alberta) H. sp. (45561 45564)
Middle Campanian - Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (Montana) H. montanensis (177498) H. sp. (14462 14490)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0USA (New Jersey) H. sp. (57916)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0USA (Maryland) H. sp. (83331)
Early/Lower Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (New Jersey) H. sp. 1 (14504)