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Blattodea (cockroach)

Insecta - Blattodea

Blattodea was named by Brunner von Wattenwyl (1882). It is extant.

It was synonymized subjectively with Blattida by Vrsansky (2010).

It was assigned to Blattopteroidea by Müller (1965) and Sharov (1968); to Blattopteroida by Geyer and Kleber (1987); to Blattoneoptera by Kukalová-Peck and Lawrence (2004); to Neoptera by Martynov (1937) and Jarzembowski and Schneider (2007); and to Dictyoptera by Béthoux et al. (2011), Eades (2012), Misof et al. (2014) and Nel et al. (2014).

Acriditis, Anaplectidae, Archimulacris, Archimylacridae, Archimylacris obovata, Archoblattinidae, Argentinoblattidae, Balatronis, Blaberoidea, Blattariae kliveri, Blattariae reisi, Blattelidae, Blattoidea, Blattoidea, Blattoidea acuminata, Blattoidea agilis, Blattoidea bella, Blattoidea confusa, Blattoidea delicula, Blattoidea dictyoneura, Blattoidea excellens, Blattoidea lobata, Blattoidea melanderi, Blattoidea minima, Blattoidea minuta, Blattoidea perbrevis, Blattoidea propria, Blattoidea relicta, Blattoidea sellardsiana, Blattoidea separata, Blattoidea singularis, Blattoidea venusta, Blattulidae (syn. Araripeblattidae), Blattuloidea, Cainoblattinidae, Caloblattinoidea, Coleopteron dubia, Compsoblattidae, Corydioidea, Cratovitismioidea, Delpuenteblattidae, Diechoblattinidae, Eoblattodea, Eotermes, Erucoblatta, Etoblattina exigua, Etoblattina gerablattini, Etoblattina inclusa, Etoblattina incurvata, Etoblattina mensa, Etoblattina vulpis, Eublattula, Gerablattina perita, Gerablattina richmondiana, Haenoblattina tenuis, Hemimylacris convexa, Heterogamia antiqua, Hsuopterites, Irreblatta, Isoptera, Leptoblattina, Lithomylacris kirkbyi, Lygobiidae, Mancusoblattidae, Megalocerca, Mesoblattinidae (syn. Triassoblattidae), Mesoblattinoidea, Mesophonus maculatus, Morphna, Mutoviidae, Mylacridae (syn. Neorthroblattinidae, Idiomylacridae), Mylacridina, Necymylacridae, Nehevblattella, Neomylacridae, Oiratia, Oryctomastax, Parallelophora, Parallelophoridae, Parapanorpa, Paucineuridae, Petroblattina, Phyllodromiidae, Piniblattella, Polyphagoidea, Poroblattinidae (syn. Acmaeoblattidae), Prochaeradodis, Progeotrupes, Proteremidae, Pseudomylacridae, Pseudoplecta, Ptiloteuthis, Pycnoscelus gardneri, Rajharablatta, Raphidiomimidae, Schizoblattina minor, Schizoblattina schucherti, Sinoblatta, Sinogramma, Sinogrammitidae, Sooblattella britannica, Spiloblattidae, Spiloblattinidae, Stantonia, Subioblattidae, Sysciophlebia uralica, Umenocoleoidea, Ungoneurites, Zetobora brunneri

View classification of included taxa

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1810Blattida Latreille
1810Blattariae Latreille p. 246
1849Heterogamia antiqua Heer p. 1 figs. Pl 1 fig 1
1864Heterogamia antiqua Heer p. 291
1882Blattoptera Brunner
1882Blattodea Brunner von Wattenwyl
1887Lithomylacris kirkbyi Woodward p. 55 figs. Pl 2, fig 4
1889Periplaneta maculata Brauer et al. p. 12 figs. Pl 2 fig 14
1890Zetobora brunneri Scudder p. 217 figs. Pl 17 fig 12
1895Actea dubia Meunier
1895Etoblattina exigua Scudder p. 76 figs. Pl V fig 4
1895Gerablattina perita Scudder p. 114 figs. Pl 9 fig 17
1895Gerablattina richmondiana Scudder pp. 116-117 figs. Pl 10 fig 1
1906Blattoidea Handlirsch p. 172
1906Ophismoblatta maculata Handlirsch p. 527 figs. Pl XLVI fig 2
1906Coleopteron dubia Handlirsch p. 571
1906Leptoblattina acuminata Schlechtendal figs. Pl 5 fig 16
1906Leptoblattina bella Schlechtendal figs. Pl 3 fig 5
1906Leptoblattina delicula Schlechtendal figs. Pl 3 fig 8ab; Pl 5 fig 4
1906Leptoblattina minima Schlechtendal figs. Pl 5 fig 15
1906Leptoblattina minuta Schlechtendal figs. Pl 3 fig 7; Pl 5 fig 7
1906Leptoblattina perbrevis Schlechtendal figs. Pl 5 fig 14
1906Leptoblattina relicta Schlechtendal figs. Pl 5 fig 8
1906Blattoidea confusa Schlechtendal p. 294 figs. Pl 30, fig 28
1906Blattoidea agilis Schlechtendal p. 295 figs. Pl 30, fig 33
1906Blattoidea excellens Schlechtendal p. 298 figs. Pl 31, fig 3
1906Blattoidea separata Schlechtendal p. 298 figs. Pl 30, fig 51
1906Blattoidea venusta Schlechtendal p. 298 figs. Pl 30, fig 50
1906Blattoidea dictyoneura Schlechtendal p. 299 figs. Pl 31, fig 10
1906Blattoidea propria Schlechtendal p. 299 figs. Pl 31, fig 11
1906Blattoidea singularis Schlechtendal p. 299 figs. Pl 31, fig 9
1907Zetobora brunneri Handlirsch p. 696
1908Schizoblattina minor Sellards p. 518
1908Schizoblattina schucherti Sellards p. 518 figs. Pl LXX fig 7
1908Haenoblattina tenuis Sellards p. 524 figs. Pl LXXI fig 1
1911Hemimylacris convexa Bolton p. 156 figs. Pl 7, fig 3
1911Archimylacris (Schizoblatta) obovata Bolton p. 157 figs. Pl 7, figs 4-6
1911Blattoidea Handlirsch
1920Pycnoscelus gardneri Cockerell p. 275
1920Sooblattella britannica Handlirsch p. 437 fig. 2
1920Blattariae kliveri Handlirsch p. 459
1920Blattariae reisi Handlirsch p. 460
1921Etoblattina mensa Meunier p. 134 figs. Pl 16, fig 11; text-fig 102
1921Etoblattina inclusa Meunier p. 150 figs. Pl 18, fig 12; text-fig 129
1921Etoblattina vulpis Meunier p. 151 figs. Pl 18, fig 13; text-fig 130
1921Etoblattina gerablattini Meunier p. 153 figs. Pl 19, fig 5; text-fig 135
1921Etoblattina incurvata Meunier p. 153 figs. Pl 19, fig 4; text-fig 134
1922Archimylacris (Schizoblatta) obovata Bolton p. 109 figs. Pl 7, fig 4; text-fig 35
1922Hemimylacris convexa Bolton p. 123 figs. Pl 8, fig 8
1922Sooblattella britannica Handlirsch p. 117
1931Parapanorpa Zalessky p. 213
1937Blattodea Martynov p. 19
1953Blattariae Bode
1953Sysciophlebia uralica Zalessky p. 269 fig. 5
1956Parallelophoridae Haupt p. 16
1956Parallelophora Haupt p. 17
1956Parallelophoridae Haupt p. 17
1956Eotermes Haupt p. 28
1965Blattodea Müller p. 869
1968Blattodea Sharov
1982Sinogrammitidae Hong p. 91
1986Blattaria Hong
1986Mesophonus maculatus Kjellesvig-Waering p. 81
1987Blattodea Geyer and Kleber p. 338
1989Blattaria Zhang p. 415
1992Blattaria Carpenter p. 134
2003Blattaria Vrsansky
2004Blattodea Kukalová-Peck and Lawrence
2007Blattodea Jarzembowski and Schneider p. 450
2007Blattoptera Martins-Neto and Gallego
2007Blattoidea Martins-Neto and Gallego p. 203
2010Blattida Vrsansky
2011Blattodea Béthoux et al. p. 627
2012Blattodea Eades
2014Blattodea Misof et al.
2014Blattodea Nel et al.
2016Alienoptera Bai et al. p. 318
2016Aethiocarenodea Poinar and Brown p. 100

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EubilateriaAx 1987
phylumArthropodaLatreille 1829
superclassHexapodaLatreille 1825
CercophoraBörner 1904
subclassPterygota(Brauer 1885)
NeopterygotaCrampton 1924
infraclassNeopteraMartynov 1923
PolyneopteraMartynov 1938
superorderDictyopteraLatreille 1829
orderBlattodeaBrunner von Wattenwyl 1882
orderBlattodeaBrunner von Wattenwyl 1882

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

No diagnoses are available
No measurements are available
Composition: chitinc
Environment: terrestrialc
Locomotion: actively mobilep
Created: 2017-04-17 09:56:18
Modified: 2017-04-17 09:56:18
Source: c = class, p = phylum
References: Kiessling 2004, Bush and Bambach 2015

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Westphalian A to the top of the Holocene or 318.10000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 315.2 Ma

Collections (916 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Carboniferous358.9 - 298.9Russian Federation Archimylacridae indet. (117186)
Bashkirian323.2 - 315.2USA (Illinois) Mylacris anthracophila (122575)
Bashkirian - Moscovian323.2 - 307.0Argentina (Chubut) Archangelskyblatta vishniakovae, Anthracoblattina archangelskyi (162148)
Bashkirian - Gzhelian323.2 - 298.9USA (Oklahoma) Metachorus striolatus (125738)
Westphalian A318.1 - 314.6Germany (North Rhine-Westphalia) Manoblatta schmidtii (131053)
Westphalian A318.1 - 314.6United Kingdom (Wales) Blattodea indet. (151394)
Westphalian A318.1 - 314.6United Kingdom Archimylacris sp., Gerablattina sulcata, Archimylacris obovata (141947)
Westphalian A318.1 - 314.6Germany Manoblatta oberstebrinki (157047)
Westphalian A - Westphalian B318.1 - 314.6Belgium Miroblatta costalis (157029)
Atokan318.1 - 311.45USA (Pennsylvania) Blattodea indet., Atimoblatta reducta (140161)
Westphalian318.1 - 306.95USA (Pennsylvania) Asemoblatta pennsylvanica (125665) Atimoblatta curvipennis, Atimoblatta reniformis (125737) Mylacris pennsylvanicum, Mylacris mansfieldii, Mylacris priscovolans, Mylacris carbonum, Mylacris ovale, Mylacridae pseudocarbonum (117474) Paromylacris pluteus (125698) Plagioblatta campbelli (125548)
Westphalian318.1 - 306.95Germany (Saxony-Anhalt) Phyloblatta wittekindiana (125699)
Westphalian318.1 - 306.95USA (Rhode Island) Etoblattina exilis (112706) Etoblattina sp. (112703) Etoblattina sp., Mylacris packardii, Etoblattina illustris, Etoblattina clarkii, Gerablattina scapularis, Aphelomylacris modesta (112700) Mylacris packardii (112702)
Westphalian318.1 - 306.95Germany (Saarbrücken) Friedrichsthalia blatteri (124243)
Westphalian318.1 - 306.95Germany Blattoidea lobata (146166)
Westphalian318.1 - 306.95United Kingdom Phyloblatta sp. (127541 127542)
Westphalian318.1 - 306.95USA (West Virginia) Exochomylacris virginiana (125763) Polyetoblatta calopteryx (125247)
Westphalian - Stephanian318.1 - 298.9Switzerland (Valais) Blattina helvetica, Progonoblattina heeri (122619)
Moscovian315.2 - 307.0USA (Maryland) Archimylacris delicata, Orthomylacris berryi (124497) Brachymylacris martini (124513) Cyphomylacris atrata (124516) Loxoblatta bassleri (124498) Mylacris lapsa (124514) Olethroblatta lineolata (124496) Orthomylacris recta (124515)
Moscovian315.2 - 307.0USA (Pennsylvania) Stenomylacris sp., Brachymylacris bassleri, Ptilomylacris medialis, Phthinomylacris pauper, Atimoblatta flexuosa (140162)