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Nothosaurus

Reptilia - Sauropterygia - Nothosauridae

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1833Conchiosaurus clavatus Meyer
1834Nothosaurus schimperi Meyer
1834Nothosaurus venustus Munster p. 525
1834Plesiosaurus speciosus Munster p. 525
1834Dracosaurus Munster p. 526
1834Metriorhynchus priscus Münster
1834Nothosaurus Münster
1845Nothosaurus Meyer p. 281
1847Simosaurus mougeoti Meyer
1847Opeosaurus Meyer p. 82 figs. Plate 14, figs 7-9
1849Nothosaurus d'Orbigny p. 211
1861Nothosaurus Owen p. 229
1861Nothosaurus schimperi Owen p. 233
1861Conchiosaurus clavatus Owen p. 234
1871Nothosaurus Cope p. 235
1875Nothosaurus Cope p. 15
1889Nothosaurus Lydekker p. 288
1893Kolposaurus Skuphos p. 14
1893Kolposaurus dichthadius Skuphos p. 14
1894Nothosaurus hecki Fritsch
1939Paranothosaurus Peyer
1957Elmosaurus Huene
1957Elmosaurus lelmensis Huene
1965Shingyisaurus unexpectus Young p. 316 figs. Pl. 4-5
1965Shingyisaurus Young p. 318 figs. 4-5
1965Shingyisaurus unexpectus Young p. 341 figs. Plates 4-5
1965Elmosaurus Young p. 354
1965Nothosaurus Young p. 355
1965Paranothosaurus Young p. 355
1987Nothosaurus Sues p. 187
1987Paranothosaurus Sues p. 187
1988Nothosaurus Carroll
1988Paranothosaurus Carroll
1994Nothosaurus Rieppel p. 10 fig. 1
1995Nothosaurus Rieppel p. 734
1996Nothosaurus Rieppel and Wild p. 3
1997Nothosaurus Rieppel and Mazin
2000Nothosaurus Rieppel
2001Nothosaurus Rieppel
2002Elmosaurus Sepkoski, Jr.
2002Nothosaurus Sepkoski, Jr.
2002Paranothosaurus Sepkoski, Jr.
2002Shingyisaurus Sepkoski, Jr.
2003Nothosaurus Albers and Rieppel p. 738 figs. 1-4
2006Nothosaurus Jiang et al.
2008Nothosaurus Chrzastek p. 232
2009Nothosaurus Klein and Albers
2014Nothosaurus Liu et al.

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
RankNameAuthor
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
Diapsida()
orderSauropterygia
orderEosauropterygia
familyNothosauridaeBaur 1889
genusNothosaurusMünster 1834

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
O. Rieppel 1995"Medium-sized to large eusauropterygians with a longirostrine skull, constricted snout, large and elongated upper temporal fossae, posteriorly displaced pineal foramen, paired fangs in the maxilla, enlarged fangs in the posterior symphyseal area of the lower jaw, lower jaw symphysis distinctly elongated and distinctly set off from lower jaw ramus, vertebrae platycoelous and non-notochordal with short and stout transverse processes."
O. Rieppel and R. Wild 1996Small to large eusauropterygians of the family Nothosauridae; maxillary tooth row extending well beyond level of anterior margin of upper temporal fenestra; paired maxillary fangs followed by a palisade of densely set, distinctly smaller, conical teeth; longitudinal diameter of the upper temporal fenestra between two and four times the longitudinal diameter of the orbit; never more than three ossifications in carpus or tarsus of adult.
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: phosphaticsubp
Environment: marineo
Locomotion: actively mobilec
Created: 2017-04-17 10:38:36
Modified: 2017-04-17 10:38:36
Source: o = order, c = class, subp = subphylum
References: Kiessling 2004, Carroll 1988, Bush and Bambach 2015, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range: base of the Pelsonian to the top of the Julian or 247.20000 to 232.00000 Ma

Collections (73 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Germany (Sachsen-Anhalt) Conchiosaurus clavatus, N. venustus (138114)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Germany N. hecki (138122) N. marchius, N. oldenburgi, N. procerus, N. raabi (138117) N. schroederi, N. crassus (138116) N. sp. (138090) N. sp., N. giganteus (130793)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Germany (Hessen) N. sp. (44358)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0China (Guizhou) N. rostellatus (98906)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Germany (Thuringia) N. mirabilis, N. marchius (138118)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Poland N. hecki, Kolposaurus dichthadius (63538)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Germany (Saxony-Anhalt) N. hecki (138123)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Israel N. sp. (63939)
Anisian247.2 - 242.0Netherlands (Gelderland) N. sp., N. winterswijkensis, N. marchicus, N. winkelhorsti (96875)
Illyrian247.2 - 242.0Israel N. sp. (63945)
Illyrian247.2 - 242.0Germany (Baden-Wurttemberg) N. juvenilis (105185)
Illyrian247.2 - 242.0Germany N. sp. (139348)
Pelsonian247.2 - 242.0Italy (Trentino) N. sp. (99307)
Pelsonian247.2 - 242.0China (Yunnan) N. zhangi (194777)
Pelsonian247.2 - 242.0China (Guizhou) N. yangjuanensis (103987)
Anisian - Ladinian247.2 - 237.0Italy (Piedmont) N. juvenilis (86708)
Anisian - Ladinian247.2 - 237.0Switzerland (Kanton Tessin) Paranothosaurus amsleri (86837)
Middle Triassic247.2 - 237.0Bulgaria N. giganteus (138113)
Middle Triassic247.2 - 237.0Israel N. tchernowi (109252)
Middle Triassic247.2 - 237.0Germany (Baden-Württemberg) N. munsteri, N. giganteus, N. ichthyospondylus (39763)
Illyrian - Fassanian247.2 - 235.0Israel (Neguev) N. haasi (194778)
Ladinian242.0 - 237.0Germany (Bavaria) N. giganteus (138105 138107 138108) N. mirabilis, N. giganteus (138106) N. sp., N. mirabilis, N. giganteus (138087)
Ladinian242.0 - 237.0China (Guizhou) N. youngi (98851)
Ladinian242.0 - 237.0Germany (Baden-Württemberg) N. giganteus (138104) N. sp. (48685)
Ladinian242.0 - 237.0Hungary N. sp. (156151)
Ladinian242.0 - 237.0Germany Elmosaurus lelmensis (138125) N. giganteus (138083 138084 138085 138098 138099 138100 138102 138103 138109 138110 138111 138112) N. giganteus, Opeosaurus suevicus (138088) N. marchius (138120 138121) N. mirabilis (138124) N. mirabilis, N. giganteus (138096 138097) N. mirabilis, N. giganteus, N. aduncidens, N. angustifrons (59927) N. sp. (66100 138091)
Ladinian242.0 - 237.0Germany (Hohenlohe) N. jagisteus (194779)
Ladinian242.0 - 237.0Germany (Thuringia) N. giganteus, N. marchius (138101)
Ladinian242.0 - 237.0Saudi Arabia N. giganteus (149548) N. sp. (149547)
Ladinian242.0 - 237.0Spain (Tarragona) N. sp., N. cymatosauroides (109710)
Ladinian242.0 - 237.0Germany (Jagst) N. mirabilis, N. giganteus (138089)
Ladinian242.0 - 237.0France (Lorraine) Simosaurus mougeoti, N. andriani (137680)
Fassanian242.0 - 235.0Israel N. sp. (63949)
Longobardian242.0 - 235.0China (Guizhou) N. youngi (196506) Shingyisaurus unexpectus (98691)
Longobardian242.0 - 235.0Germany (Thuringia) N. bergeri (106359)
Longobardian242.0 - 235.0Germany (Baden-Württemberg) N. new species (101873) N. sp., N. mirabilis (106357)
Longobardian242.0 - 235.0Spain (Soria) N. giganteus (196600)
Carnian237.0 - 228.0Italy (Udine) N. giganteus (99309)
Late/Upper Triassic237.0 - 201.3Germany N. edingerae (138095)
Julian235.0 - 232.0Italy N. sp. (137429)