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Cetiosaurus

Reptilia -

Taxonomy
Cetiosaurus was named by Owen (1841). It is not extant. It is the type genus of Cetiosauridae, Cetiosaurinae.

It was synonymized subjectively with Cardiodon by Marsh (1895), Marsh (1896), Marsh (1898), Sauvage (1900), Lydekker (1904) and Sauvage (1906).

It was assigned to Saurii by Meyer (1845); to Crocodilidae by d'Orbigny (1849); to Sauria by Quenstedt (1852); to Crocodilia by Owen (1842) and Owen (1859); to Opisthocoelia by Owen (1861); to Dinosaurii by Quenstedt (1867); to Dinosauria by Lydekker (1877); to Morosauridae by Dollo (1884) and Hatcher (1903); to Sauropoda by Williston (1878) and Joleaud (1922); to Camarasaurinae by Nopcsa (1928); to Cardiodontinae by Huene (1927), Huene (1927) and Huene (1929); to Brachiosauridae by Romer (1966); to Cetiosaurinae by Romer (1956), Steel (1970), Swinton (1970), Kaever and Lapparent (1974) and Coombs and Molnar (1981); to Cetiosaurinae by McIntosh (1990); to Sauropoda by Sauvage (1882), Marsh (1884), Marsh (1885) and Upchurch (1997); to Neosauropoda by Wilson (2002); to Cetiosauridae by Lydekker (1888), Zittel (1890), Baur (1891), Depéret (1896), Mansel-Pleydell (1902), Huene (1908), Huene (1908), Arldt (1909), Huene (1909), von Zittel (1911), Lull (1924), Lapparent (1943), Huene (1944), Bataller (1960), Delair (1960), Tatarinov (1964), Delair (1973), Molnar (1980), Taquet (1984), Bonaparte (1986), Bonaparte (1986), Carroll (1988), McIntosh (1990), Mcintosh et al. (1992), Bonaparte and Coria (1993), Upchurch (1995), Upchurch (1995), McIntosh (1997), Smith (1997), Dong (1998), Upchurch and Martin (2002), Upchurch and Martin (2003), Upchurch et al. (2004), Barrett (2006) and Naish and Martill (2007); and to Eusauropoda by Ksepka and Norell (2010), Sekiya (2011) and Otero and Pol (2013).

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1841Cetiosaurus Owen p. 460
1842Cetiosaurus brevis Owen p. 92
1842Cetiosaurus Owen p. 94
1842Cetiosaurus brevis Owen p. 94
1845Cetiosaurus Meyer p. 282
1849Cetiosaurus brevis Melville p. 287
1849Cetiosaurus d'Orbigny p. 206
1850Cetiosaurus brevis Mantell p. 386
1852Cetiosaurus Quenstedt p. 119
1855Cetiosaurus brevis Owen p. 6
1859Cetiosaurus Owen p. 27
1859Cetiosaurus brevis Owen p. 28
1861Cetiosaurus Owen p. 301
1861Cetiosaurus brevis Owen p. 301
1867Cetiosaurus Quenstedt p. 145
1867Cetiosaurus brevis Quenstedt p. 145
1871Ceteosaurus brevis Phillips p. 290
1874Cetiosaurus brevis Sauvage p. 19
1877Cetiosaurus Lydekker pp. 39-40
1878Ceteosaurus Williston p. 45
1882Cetiosaurus Sauvage p. 35
1884Cetiosaurus Dollo p. 298
1884Ceteosaurus Marsh p. 68
1885Cetiosaurus Marsh p. 764
1888Cetiosaurus brevis Lydekker pp. 56-57
1888Cetiosaurus Lydekker p. 136
1888Cetiosaurus brevis Lydekker p. 139
1890Morosaurus brevis Woodward and Sherborn p. 251
1890Cetiosaurus Zittel p. 704
1891Cetiosaurus Baur p. 450
1892Morosaurus brevis Lydekker p. 376
1893Morosaurus brevis Lydekker p. 276 figs. 1-2
1896Cetiosaurus Depéret p. 184
1896Morosaurus brevior Sauvage p. 47
1898Morosaurus brevior Sauvage p. 443
1902Cetiosaurus Mansel-Pleydell p. lxxvi
1903Cetiosaurus Hatcher p. 54
1905Cetiosaurus brevis Williston p. 344
1908Cetiosaurus Huene p. 296
1909Cetiosaurus Arldt p. 262
1909Cetiosaurus Huene p. 14
1911Cetiosaurus von Zittel p. 285
1917Morosaurus brevis Hooley p. 149
1922Cetiosaurus Joleaud p. 61
1924Cetiosaurus Lull p. 234
1927Cetiosaurus Huene p. 122
1927Pelorosaurus brevis Huene p. 456
1928Cetiosaurus Nopcsa p. 184
1929Cetiosaurus Huene p. 115
1936Morosaurus brevis Swinton pp. 210-211
1943Cetiosaurus Lapparent p. 19
1944Cetiosaurus Huene p. 442
1955Cetiosaurus mogrebiensis De Lapparent pp. 14-26 figs. 4-9, p. 3-5
1956Cetiosaurus mogrebiensis Choubert et al. p. 1641
1956Cetiosaurus Romer p. 620
1960Cetiosaurus Bataller p. 158
1960Cetiosaurus Delair p. 81
1964Cetiosaurus Tatarinov p. 544
1966Cetiosaurus Romer p. 370
1970Cetiosaurus Steel p. 64
1970Cetiosaurus mogrebiensis Steel p. 64
1970Cetiosaurus Swinton p. 168
1973Cetiosaurus Delair p. 3
1974Cetiosaurus Kaever and Lapparent p. 524
1974Cetiosaurus brevis Langston p. 87
1979Cetiosaurus mogrebiensis Jain et al. p. 206
1980Cetiosaurus Molnar p. 138
1981Cetiosaurus Coombs, Jr. and Molnar p. 358
1981Cetiosaurus mogrebiensis Jenny et al. p. 634
1981Cetiosaurus mogrebiensis Santafé-Llopis et al. p. 140
1983Cetiosaurus mogrebiensis Monbaron p. 224
1984Cetiosaurus Taquet p. 85
1984Cetiosaurus mogrebiensis Taquet p. 85
1986Cetiosaurus Bonaparte pp. 250-251
1986Cetiosaurus mogrebiensis Taquet p. 42
1988Cetiosaurus Carroll
1990Cetiosaurus McIntosh p. 54
1990Cetiosaurus mogrebiensis McIntosh pp. 377-378
1992Cetiosaurus mogrebiensis Charroud and Fedan
1992Cetiosaurus brevis Cheevely and Chapman p. 347
1992Cetiosaurus Mcintosh et al. p. 164
1993Cetiosaurus Bonaparte and Coria
1993Cetiosaurus mogrebiensis Salgado p. 268
1995Cetiosaurus Upchurch p. 253
1997Cetiosaurus mogrebiensis Currie and Padian p. 368
1997Cetiosaurus McIntosh p. 656
1997Cetiosaurus Smith p. 509
1997Cetiosaurus Upchurch p. 82A
1998Cetiosaurus Dong p. 84
2002Cetiosaurus Upchurch and Martin p. 1052
2002Cetiosaurus Wilson p. 248
2003Cetiosaurus Upchurch and Martin
2004Cetiosaurus Upchurch et al. p. 263
2006Cetiosaurus Barrett p. 27
2007Cetiosaurus Naish and Martill p. 497
2010Cetiosaurus Ksepka and Norell
2011Cetiosaurus Sekiya
2013Cetiosaurus Otero and Pol
2015Cetiosaurus brevis Manning et al. p. 5

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
Diapsida()
RankNameAuthor
Eosuchia()
Neodiapsida
SauriaGauthier 1984
Archosauromorpha(Huene 1946)
Crocopoda
ArchosauriformesGauthier 1986
Eucrocopoda
Archosauria()
informalAvemetatarsalia
Ornithodira
Dinosauromorpha
Dinosauriformes
Dinosauria()
Saurischia()
Eusaurischia
Sauropodomorpha(Huene 1932)
Massopoda
Sauropodiformes
Sauropoda()
Eusauropoda
genusCetiosaurusOwen 1841

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Body mass estimates
estimateequationreference
 39.1 tons Sauropoda femur circumferenceAnderson et al. 1985
 15.8 tons Sauropoda humerus circumferenceAnderson et al. 1985
mean: 24.9 tons
Measurements
partNmeanminimummaximummedians.d.
femur circumference1683.0----
fibula circumference1300.0----
humerus circumference2584.4575.0594.0584.513.4
tibia circumference1300.0----
ulna circumference1346.0----

Composition: hydroxyapatiteinfrao
Entire body: yesg
Adult length: 10 to < 100infrao
Adult width: 10 to < 100infrao
Adult height: 10 to < 100infrao
Maximum body mass: 30000 kgg
Minimum body mass: 10000 kgg
Thickness: thickinfrao
Architecture: compact or denseinfrao
Form: sphericalinfrao
Ontogeny: accretion, modification of partsinfrao
Grouping: gregariousinfrao
Environment: terrestrialinfrao
Locomotion: actively mobileinfrao
Life habit: ground dwellinginfrao
Diet: herbivoreinfrao
Reproduction: oviparousinfrao
Dispersal: direct/internalinfrao
Dispersal 2: mobileinfrao
Created: 2005-08-24 13:35:26
Modified: 2005-08-24 15:35:26
Source: g = genus, infrao = infraorder
References: Kiessling 2004, Peczkis 1995, Marsh 1875

Age range: base of the Late/Upper Bajocian to the top of the Early/Lower Aptian or 171.60000 to 122.46000 Ma

Collections (29 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Aalenian - Bajocian174.1 - 168.3United Kingdom (England) C. sp. (77059)
Late/Upper Bajocian171.6 - 167.7United Kingdom (England) C. oxoniensis (27876)
Bathonian168.3 - 166.1United Kingdom (England) Ceteosaurus sp. (70908) C. medius (52591) C. sp. (52507 52510)
Bathonian - Early/Lower Oxfordian168.3 - 155.7United Kingdom (England) C. sp. (70891)
Early/Lower Bathonian167.7 - 164.7France (Champagne-Ardenne) C. sp. (150700)
Early/Lower Bathonian167.7 - 164.7United Kingdom (England) C. sp. (31054 52546)
Late/Upper Bathonian167.7 - 164.7United Kingdom (England) C. giganteus (68658) C. sp. (39075 45932 74835) C. sp., Ceteosaurus oxoniensis (53520)
Middle Bathonian167.7 - 164.7United Kingdom (England) C. sp. (92055) Ungulata indet. (59716)
Middle Bathonian - Late/Upper Bathonian167.7 - 164.7Morocco (Boulemane) C. mogrebiensis (45960 45963 45964 45965 45970) Dinosauria indet. (45958)
Late/Upper Callovian164.7 - 161.2United Kingdom (England) C. sp. (77060)
Early/Lower Valanginian140.2 - 136.4United Kingdom (England) C. brachyurus (91990)
Late/Upper Valanginian - Early/Lower Hauterivian140.2 - 130.0United Kingdom (England) C. brevis (52672)
Late/Upper Hauterivian - Early/Lower Barremian136.4 - 125.45United Kingdom (England) C. brevis (64774)
Late/Upper Hauterivian - Early/Lower Aptian136.4 - 122.46United Kingdom (England) C. sp. (52632)
Early/Lower Aptian125.45 - 122.46Spain (Valenciana) C. sp. (61324)