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Edmontosaurus

Reptilia - Hadrosauridae

Taxonomy
Edmontosaurus was named by Lambe (1917).

It was assigned to Trachodontinae by Nopcsa (1928); to Trachodontidae by Huene (1927) and Parks (1935); to Edmontosaurinae by Horner (1992); to Hadrosauridae by Lambe (1917), Russell (1930), Romer (1956), Parsch (1963), Kuhn (1964), Romer (1966), Swinton (1970), Thulborn (1974), Langston (1975), Norman (1984), Russell (1984), Breithaupt (1985), Carroll (1988), Weishampel et al. (1991), Eberth (1997), Currie (2000) and Norman (2004); to Hadrosaurinae by Campione and Evans (2011); to Hadrosaurinae by Lambe (1918), Lambe (1920), Gilmore (1924), Nagao (1936), Wilfarth (1940), Lull and Wright (1942), Sternberg (1953), Sternberg (1954), Young (1958), Langston (1960), Tatarinov (1964), Casamiquela (1964), Russell and Chamney (1967), Rozhdestvensky (1968), Hopson (1975), Brett-Surman (1979), McIntosh (1981), Weishampel and Weishampel (1983), Maryanska and Osmólska (1984), Weishampel and Horner (1990), Chapman and Brett-Surman (1990), Hunt and Lucas (1992), Forster and Sereno (1994), Forster (1997), Dodson (1997), Godefroit et al. (1998), You et al. (2003), Horner et al. (2004), Godefroit et al. (2004), Kirkland et al. (2006), Prieto-Márques et al. (2006), Gates et al. (2007), Godefroit et al. (2008), Pereda-Suberbiola et al. (2009), Evans et al. (2009), Cruzado-Caballero et al. (2010), Campione (2014) and Tan et al. (2015); to Saurolophinae by Prieto-Márquez (2010), Prieto-Marquez and Salinas (2010), Prieto-Márquez and Wagner (2010), Ramírez-Velasco et al. (2012), Prieto-Marquez (2013), Bell (2014) and Lehman et al. (2016); and to Edmontosaurini by Godefroit et al. (2012) and Cruzado-Caballero and Powell (2017).

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1917Edmontosaurus Lambe p. 65–73
1918Edmontosaurus Lambe p. 138
1920Edmontosaurus Lambe pp. 66-68
1924Edmontosaurus Gilmore p. 34
1927Edmontosaurus Huene p. 260
1928Edmontosaurus Nopcsa p. 184
1930Edmontosaurus Russell p. 151
1935Edmontosaurus Parks p. 193
1936Edmontosaurus Nagao p. 213
1940Edmontosaurus Wilfarth p. 6
1942Anatosaurus Lull and Wright p. 133
1942Edmontosaurus Lull and Wright p. 133
1942Anatosaurus Lull and Wright pp. 154-155 fig. 53
1948Anatosaurus Gregory p. 30
1953Anatosaurus Sternberg p. 11
1953Edmontosaurus Sternberg p. 11
1954Anatosaurus Sternberg p. 383
1954Edmontosaurus Sternberg p. 383
1956Anatosaurus Romer p. 630
1956Edmontosaurus Romer p. 630
1958Anatosaurus Young p. 106
1958Edmontosaurus Young p. 106
1960Edmontosaurus Langston p. 349
1960Anatosaurus Langston p. 350
1963Anatosaurus Parsch p. 8
1963Edmontosaurus Parsch p. 8
1964Anatosaurus Casamiquela
1964Edmontosaurus Casamiquela
1964Anatosaurus Estes p. 144
1964Anatosaurus Kuhn p. 14
1964Edmontosaurus Kuhn p. 19
1964Anatosaurus Tatarinov p. 564
1964Edmontosaurus Tatarinov p. 564
1965Anatosaurus Ostrom p. 39
1966Anatosaurus Romer p. 370
1966Edmontosaurus Romer p. 370
1967Edmontosaurus Russell and Chamney p. 11
1968Anatosaurus Rozhdestvensky
1968Edmontosaurus Rozhdestvensky
1970Anatosaurus Swinton p. 216
1970Edmontosaurus Swinton p. 216
1974Anatosaurus Thulborn p. 173
1974Edmontosaurus Thulborn p. 173
1975Anatosaurus Hopson p. 25
1975Edmontosaurus Hopson p. 25 fig. 3
1975Edmontosaurus Langston, Jr. p. 1605
1979Anatosaurus Brett-Surman p. 561 fig. 1
1979Edmontosaurus Brett-Surman p. 561 fig. 1
1981Edmontosaurus McIntosh p. 31
1983Anatosaurus Weishampel and Weishampel p. 44
1983Edmontosaurus Weishampel and Weishampel p. 44
1984Edmontosaurus Maryanska and Osmólska pp. 130-131
1984Anatosaurus Maryanska and Osmólska p. 131
1984Edmontosaurus Norman p. 343 fig. 7
1984Edmontosaurus Russell p. 26
1984Anatosaurus Russell p. 27
1985Edmontosaurus Breithaupt p. 166
1986Anatosaurus Clemens p. 80
1988Anatosaurus Carroll
1988Edmontosaurus Carroll
1990Edmontosaurus Chapman and Brett-Surman p. 177
1990Edmontosaurus Weishampel and Horner p. 557
1991Edmontosaurus Weishampel et al. p. 204
1992Edmontosaurus Horner p. 119
1992Edmontosaurus Hunt and Lucas p. 228
1994Edmontosaurus Forster and Sereno p. 25A
1997Edmontosaurus Dodson p. 12
1997Edmontosaurus Eberth p. 201
1997Edmontosaurus Forster p. 294
1998Edmontosaurus Godefroit et al. p. 51
2000Edmontosaurus Currie p. 277
2003Edmontosaurus You et al. p. 152 fig. 3
2004Edmontosaurus Godefroit et al. p. 148 fig. 6
2004Edmontosaurus Horner et al. p. 439
2004Edmontosaurus Norman p. 433 figs. 19.21-19.22
2006Edmontosaurus Kirkland et al. p. 311 fig. 13
2006Edmontosaurus Prieto-Márques et al. p. 938
2007Edmontosaurus Gates et al. p. 928 fig. 11
2008Edmontosaurus Godefroit et al. p. 67 fig. 18
2009Edmontosaurus Evans et al. p. 1316
2009Edmontosaurus Pereda-Suberbiola et al. p. 568 fig. 6
2010Edmontosaurus Cruzado-Caballero et al. p. 1510 fig. 4
2010Edmontosaurus Prieto-Marquez and Salinas p. 835 fig. 20
2010Edmontosaurus Prieto-Márquez p. 5 fig. 2
2010Edmontosaurus Prieto-Márquez and Wagner p. 1243 fig. 3
2011Edmontosaurus Campione and Evans p. 7
2012Edmontosaurus Godefroit et al. p. 19
2012Edmontosaurus Ramírez-Velasco et al. p. 392
2013Edmontosaurus Prieto-Marquez
2014Edmontosaurus Bell p. 575
2014Edmontosaurus Campione p. 210
2015Edmontosaurus Tan et al. p. 254
2016Edmontosaurus Lehman et al. p. 346
2017Edmontosaurus Cruzado-Caballero and Powell p. 12 fig. 13

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
Diapsida()
Eosuchia()
Neodiapsida
RankNameAuthor
SauriaGauthier 1984
Archosauromorpha(Huene 1946)
Crocopoda
ArchosauriformesGauthier 1986
Eucrocopoda
Archosauria()
informalAvemetatarsalia
Ornithodira
Dinosauromorpha
Dinosauriformes
Dinosauria()
Ornithischia()
Neornithischia()
Ornithopoda()
Iguanodontia()
Dryomorpha
Ankylopollexia
Styracosterna
Hadrosauriformes
Hadrosauroidea()
familyHadrosauridae
subfamilyHadrosaurinaeLambe 1918
tribeEdmontosauriniGlut 1997
genusEdmontosaurus

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
partNmeanminimummaximummedians.d.
humerus circumference1255.0----
radius circumference2144.9120.0175.0147.538.9
ulna circumference2179.7170.0190.0180.014.1

Composition: hydroxyapatiteo
Entire body: yesg
Adult length: 10 to < 100o
Adult width: 1.0 to < 10o
Adult height: 1.0 to < 10o
Maximum body mass: 3000 kgg
Minimum body mass: 1000 kgg
Architecture: compact or denseo
Ontogeny: accretion, modification of partso
Grouping: gregariouso
Environment: terrestrialo
Locomotion: actively mobileo
Life habit: ground dwellingo
Diet: herbivoresubo
Reproduction: oviparouso
Dispersal: direct/internalo
Dispersal 2: mobileo
Created: 2005-08-25 05:54:20
Modified: 2005-08-25 07:54:20
Source: g = genus, subo = suborder, o = order
References: Kiessling 2004, Benton 1983, Peczkis 1995, Marsh 1875

Age range: base of the Judithian to the top of the Lancian or 83.50000 to 66.00000 Ma

Collections (69 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Campanian83.6 - 72.1Canada (Alberta) E. sp. (64339) Thespesius edmontoni (46320)
Campanian - Maastrichtian83.6 - 66.0Canada (Alberta) E. sp. (52077)
Judithian83.5 - 70.6USA (New Jersey) E. sp. (14455)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6USA (Alaska) E. saskatchewanensis (47787)
Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6Canada (Alberta) E. regalis (51316 138447) E. sp. (69621)
Middle Campanian - Late/Upper Campanian83.5 - 70.6Canada (Alberta) E. sp. (152403)
Late/Upper Campanian - Early/Lower Maastrichtian83.5 - 66.0Canada (Alberta) Trachodontidae indet. (49234 189568)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0USA (South Dakota) Ceratopsia indet. (142375) E. sp. (47034)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0Canada (Alberta) Trachodon marginatus (45676)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0USA (Montana) Anatosaurus annectens (48836 55385) Anatosaurus sp. (11931 13142 49016 57914) Claosaurus sp. (57765 142376) E. sp. (50088 72143 91359 142326 183109) Thespesius sp. (83299)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0USA (Colorado) Agathaumas milo (49524) Hadrosauridae indet. (46210)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0Canada (Saskatchewan) Thespesius sp. (45675)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0USA (North Dakota) E. sp. (57919 84455)
Maastrichtian72.1 - 66.0USA (Wyoming) Anatosaurus annectens (45878 54176 150933) Anatosaurus sp. (52695 57162 57163 57166 57168 57169 57170 150976) Claosaurus annectens (46209 49238) Trachodon annectens (54178) Trachodon longiceps (46120) Trachodon sp. (57764) Trachodontidae indet. (46128)
Early/Lower Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0Canada (Alberta) E. sp. (76062 94370) Hadrosauridae indet. (34744)
Lancian70.6 - 66.0USA (North Dakota) E. annectens (14621)
Lancian70.6 - 66.0USA (South Dakota) Anatosaurus sp. (192251)
Lancian70.6 - 66.0USA (Wyoming) Anatosaurus sp. (14505 14527 14579 14609) E. sp. (14557)
Lancian70.6 - 66.0USA (Montana) Anatosaurus sp. (14546 14549) Hadrosauridae indet. (14616)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (Montana) Anatosaurus sp. (67129 131865)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (Wyoming) Anatosaurus sp. (14585) E. annectens (26760) Hadrosauridae indet. (128559)
Late/Upper Maastrichtian70.6 - 66.0USA (South Dakota) E. sp. (157189)