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Presbyornis

Reptilia - Avetheropoda - Presbyornithidae

Synonyms
Synonymy list
YearName and author
1926Nautilornis Wetmore p. 302
1926Presbyornis Wetmore p. 396 figs. Plate 27, Figs. 1-20
1933Presbyornis Lambrecht p. 533
1933Nautilornis Lambrecht p. 549
1959Coltonia Hardy p. 106
1960Presbyornis Wetmore p. 28
1988Presbyornis Carroll
1997Presbyornis Livezey p. 398
2002Presbyornis Kurochkin et al. p. 8
2010Presbyornis Kurochkin and Dyke

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
Sauropsida
classReptilia
subclassEureptilia()
Romeriida
Diapsida()
Eosuchia()
Neodiapsida
SauriaGauthier 1984
Archosauromorpha(Huene 1946)
Crocopoda
ArchosauriformesGauthier 1986
Eucrocopoda
RankNameAuthor
Archosauria()
informalAvemetatarsalia
Ornithodira
Dinosauromorpha
Dinosauriformes
Dinosauria()
Saurischia()
Theropoda()
Neotheropoda
AverostraPaul 2002
Tetanurae
orderAvetheropoda
suborderCoelurosauria
Maniraptora
Paraves
classAves
PygostyliaChiappe 2002
Ornithothoraces
OrnithuromorphaChiappe et al. 1999
subclassOrnithurae
subclassNeornithesGadow 1893
Neognathae(Pycraft 1900)
GalloanseraeSibley and Ahlquist 1990
superorderGalloanserimorphae
orderAnseriformesWagler 1831
suborderAnseres
superfamilyAnatoideaLeach 1820
familyPresbyornithidae
genusPresbyornis

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: hydroxyapatiteo
Entire body: yeso
Adult length: 10 to < 100o
Adult width: 1.0 to < 10o
Adult height: 1.0 to < 10o
Architecture: compact or denseo
Ontogeny: accretion, modification of partso
Grouping: solitaryo
Environment: terrestrialo
Locomotion: actively mobileo
Life habit: volantg
Diet: herbivoreg
Reproduction: oviparouso
Dispersal: direct/internalo
Dispersal 2: mobileo
Created: 2009-01-03 20:13:55
Modified: 2009-01-03 22:13:55
Source: g = genus, o = order
References: Kiessling 2004, Livezey 1997, Marsh 1875

Age range: base of the Eocene to the top of the Early/Lower Eocene or 56.00000 to 48.60000 Ma

Collections (8 total)


Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Late/Upper Paleocene58.7 - 55.8Mongolia (Omnogov) P. mongoliensis (37008)
Late/Upper Paleocene58.7 - 55.8USA (Maryland) P. isoni (84046)
Eocene56.0 - 33.9USA (Utah) Coltonia recurvirostra (74296) Nautilornis avus, P. pervetus, Nautilornis proavitus (123112)
Bumbanian55.8 - 48.6Mongolia (Southern Mongolia) P. sp., P. mongoliensis (37206)
Early/Lower Eocene55.8 - 48.6Canada (Nunavut) P. pervetus (185212)
Wasatchian - Bridgerian55.8 - 46.2USA (Wyoming) P. sp. (16134)
Bridgerian50.3 - 46.2USA (Wyoming) P. sp. (16296)