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Kogiidae (pygmy sperm whale)

Mammalia - Artiodactyla - Kogiidae

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1923Kogiidae Miller p. 33
1928Kogiidae Kellogg p. 34 figs. Table 1
1973Kogiidae Kasuya p. 61
1985Kogiidae Barnes et al. p. 26
1991Kogiidae Muizon p. 297
1991Kogiidae Vidal p. 5
1994Kogiidae Fordyce and Barnes p. 428 figs. Table 1
1995Kogiidae Fordyce et al. p. 379
1998Kogiidae Rice
1999Kogiidae Bianucci and Landini p. 445
2001Kogiidae Fordyce and de Muizon p. 179
2002Kogiidae Rice p. 231 figs. Table 1
2005Kogiidae Gingerich p. 237 figs. Table 15.1
2007Kogiidae Bianucci and Landini p. 45 figs. Table 2.1
2008Kogiidae Bloodworth and Odell p. 1
2008Kogiidae Lambert
2008Kogiidae Uhen et al. p. 573
2008Kogiidae Whitmore and Kaltenbach p. 230
2009Kogiidae Rice p. 235 figs. Table 1
2010Kogiidae Canto et al. p. 20
2010Kogiidae Lambert et al. p. 107 figs. Fig. 2
2011Kogiidae Bianucci et al. p. 560
2011Kogiidae Geisler et al. p. 5 figs. Table 1
2014Kogiidae Aguirre-Fernández and Fordyce p. 195
2015Kogiidae Velez-Juarbe et al. p. 5
2016Kogiidae Marx et al. p. 123
2016Kogiidae Velez-Juarbe et al. pp. e1135806-2
2017Kogiidae Berta p. 161
2017Kogiidae Collareta et al. p. 261

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Triploblastica
Nephrozoa
Deuterostomia
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrata
superclassGnathostomata
Osteichthyes()
Sarcopterygii
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha(Nelson 2006)
subclassTetrapodomorpha()
Tetrapoda()
Reptiliomorpha
Anthracosauria
Batrachosauria()
Cotylosauria()
Amniota
RankNameAuthor
Synapsida()
Therapsida()
infraorderCynodontia()
Epicynodontia
infraorderEucynodontia
Probainognathia
Mammaliamorpha
Mammaliaformes
classMammalia
orderArtiodactyla()
Cetacea()
Pelagiceti
Neoceti
Odontoceti()
superfamilyPhyseteroidea
familyKogiidae
familyKogiidae

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
ReferenceDiagnosis
M. D. Uhen et al. 2008Kogiids differ from Physeter and stem-physeterids in, for example, body size, body form (shark-like profile in Kogia spp.), and different arrangement of soft tissues associated with the nasofacial muscles (see e.g. Heyning 1989a, Cranford et al. 1996, Cranford 1999, Clarke 2003). Diagnostic bony features for living Kogia (for crown-Kogiidae) include: massive maxillary walls that laterally bound the melon and lie lateral to antorbital notches; facial sagittal crest formed by both premaxillae, orbit shifted posteroventrally; a blunt and squared anterior end of the atrophied zygomatic process of the squamosal; a flat plate-like posterior process on the periotic; and an inflated posterior process of the tympanic bulla (see e.g. Muizon 1991, Luo and Marsh 1996, Bianucci and Landini 1999, Kazar 2002). Rostral shape is variable in the kogiid lineage, as indicated by the long rostrum in the fossil Scaphokogia Muizon 1988. Some of the characters of the living species in the genus Kogia are paedomorphic (see Raven and Gregory, 1933).