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Cypraeidae (cowry)

Gastropoda - Cypraeidae

Synonymy list
YearName and author
1815Cypraeidae Rafinesque
1983Cypraeidae Gliozzi and Malatesta p. 103
1984Cypraeidae Squires p. 23
1987Cypraeidae Squires p. 35
1988Cypraeidae Ponder and Warén p. 300
1988Cypraeidae Squires p. 12
1996Cypraeidae Petuch p. 17
1998Cypraeidae Beesley p. 780
2001Cypraeidae Harzhauser and Mandic p. 703
2001Cypraeidae Todd
2002Cypraeidae Harzhauser p. 87
2003Cypraeidae Groves and Nielsen p. 352
2004Cypraeidae Dolin and Lozouet p. 10
2004Cypraeidae Harzhauser p. 131
2005Cypraeidae Bouchet et al. p. 250
2006Cypraeidae DeVries et al. p. 102
2010Cypraeidae Landau and Marques da Silva p. 34
2011Cypraeidae Landau and Groves p. 2

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RankNameAuthor
kingdomAnimalia()
Bilateria
EubilateriaAx 1987
Protostomia
Spiralia
superphylumLophotrochozoa
phylumMollusca
RankNameAuthor
classGastropodaCuvier 1797
superorderHypsogastropoda(Ponder and Lindberg 1997)
infraorderLittorinimorphaGolikov and Starobogtov 1975
superfamilyCypraeoidea(Rafinesque 1815)
familyCypraeidaeRafinesque 1815
familyCypraeidaeRafinesque 1815

If no rank is listed, the taxon is considered an unranked clade in modern classifications. Ranks may be repeated or presented in the wrong order because authors working on different parts of the classification may disagree about how to rank taxa.

Diagnosis
No diagnoses are available
Measurements
No measurements are available
Composition: aragonitec
Locomotion: actively mobilef
Life habit: epifaunalf
Diet: omnivoref
Diet 2: grazerf
Vision: limitedc
Comments: LIFE HISTORY: Herbivorous omnivores according to Todd (2001).f
Created: 2009-09-10 07:50:11
Modified: 2009-09-10 09:50:11
Source: f = family, c = class
References: Kiessling 2004, Hendy et al. 2009

Age range

Maximum range based only on fossils: base of the Tithonian to the top of the Holocene or 152.10000 to 0.00000 Ma
Minimum age of oldest fossil (stem group age): 145.0 Ma

Collections (967 total)

Oldest occurrences

Time interval Ma Country or state Original ID and collection number
Tithonian152.1 - 145.0Italy (Palermo) Cypraea gemmellaroi, Cypraea titonica (179803)
Tithonian152.1 - 145.0Czech Republic Cypraea tithonica (189840)
Barremian129.4 - 125.0France (Barcelonne) Cypraea antiqua, Zittelia drumensis, Pseudocassis helveticus (179817)
Early/Lower Albian112.03 - 109.0USA (California) Cypraea fontana (176021)
Middle Albian109.0 - 105.3Brazil (Sergipe) Cypraea riachuelana (87867)
Cenomanian - Turonian100.5 - 89.8USA (California) Cypraea argonautica (176025)
Early/Lower Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Italy Cypraea pustulifera, Ovula striata, Cypraea retusa (180658)
Late/Upper Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Czech Republic Cypraea korycanensis (179026)
Late/Upper Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5Czech Republic (Praha) Cypraea korycanensis (179027)
Late/Upper Cenomanian99.6 - 93.5USA (New Jersey) Palaeocypraea burlingtonensis (180662)
Turonian93.9 - 89.8France (Var) Palaeocypraea vayssierei (180659)
Turonian93.9 - 89.8USA (Oregon) Cypraea argonautica (86814)
Turonian93.9 - 89.8USA (California) Bernaya argonautica (176024) Cypraea berryessae (44200 176026)
Late/Upper Turonian93.5 - 89.3France (Provence-Alpes-Cote d'Azur) Bernaya depereti (87462)
Coniacian89.8 - 86.3USA (California) Cypraea kayei (44233)
Coniacian89.8 - 86.3India (Tamil Nadu) Cypraea kayei (180663)
Santonian86.3 - 83.6South Africa (Eastern Cape) Cypraea chubbi, Bernaya caffrarica (177883)
Late/Upper Santonian - Early/Lower Campanian85.8 - 70.6Canada (British Columbia) Bernaya beardi (176395)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1Brazil (Pernambuco) Cypraea azevedoi (179815 180661)
Campanian83.6 - 72.1India Cypraea anomala (180639) Cypraea cunliffei, Erato veraghoorensis (179034)